International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Morphological and yield performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) Germplasm under agro climatic condition of peshawar

By: Syed Mubarak Shah, Neelam Ara, Shujaat Ali, Asad Ullah, Nasar Ali Khan, Ata Ullah, Mudassar Mushtaq

Key Words: Climatic condition, Germplasm, growth, Morphological data, yield, performance.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 224-230, January 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.224-230

Certification: ijb 2019 0140 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The experiment “Morphological and yield performance of tomato germplasm under agro climatic condition of Peshawar” was carried out at The University of Agriculture Peshawar during 2017. The primary objective of this research to evaluate different tomato germplasm for their yield and adaptability in Peshawar. For morphological characterization, the tomato germplasm were three times replicated in Randomized Complete Block Design. Ten tomato germplasm were selected that included Rio Grande, Gala, Kalam, Red Star, Roma VF, Taj, Peshawar Local, Bambino, Roma and Cherry tomato. The statistically analyzed data indicated that tomato germplasm were highly significant (P ≥ 0.01) in growth and yield contributing parameters. Morphological data indicated that maximum plant height (105.3 cm) was recorded in germplasm Kalam. Maximum number of primary branches plant-1 (8), fruit yield plant-1 (1.67 kg) and total yield (43.2 tons ha-1) were observed in variety Roma VF. Maximum days to first flower were observed in variety Bambino (37). Maximum number of fruits plant-1 (36.3) were shown by germplasm Cherry tomato. Maximum fruit length (7.37 cm) was found out in cv. Roma, whereas maximum fruit width (4.83 cm) and 100 seed weight (0.372 g) were recorded in cv. Rio Grande. Based on these results the tomato germplasm performed best in yield and growth contributing parameters should be further evaluated for their potential use in breeding programs. Furthermore, Roma VF and Rio Grande were given best performance in yield and almost morphological characteristics and should be the choice for cultivation in Peshawar.

| Views 88 |

Morphological and yield performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) Germplasm under agro climatic condition of peshawar

Ahmad F, Khan O, Sarwar S, Hussain A, Ahmad S. 2007. Performance evaluation of tomato cultivars at high altitude. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 23, 581.

Ahmed N, Hamid FS, Waheed A, Khan MA, Khan S, Ahmed I, Aslam S, Mumtaz S, Gul H. 2017. Evaluation of Different Tomato Hybrids for Phenotypic Variation and Yield Contributing Attributes at Mansehra. Moroccan Journal of Chemistry 5, 5-2 2305-2310.

Aklile M, Alemayehu M, Alemayehu G. 2014. Performance evaluation of tomato varieties for irrigation production system in Mecha District of west Gojiam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, p 142-177.

Ali A, Hussain I, Khan A, Khan J, Rehman MU, Riaz A. 2016. Evaluation of various tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum mill.) cultivars for quality, yield and yield component under agro-climatic condition of Peshawar. ARPN. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 11, 59-62.

Ali I, Khattak AM, Ali M, Ullah K. 2015. Performance of different tomato cultivars under organic and inorganic regimes. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 28(3), 245-254.

Ali Q, Erkan M, Jan I. 2017. Morphological and agronomic characterization of tomato under field conditions. Pure and Applied Biology (PAB) 6, 1021-1029.

Ambule AT, Radadia G, Patil D, Toke N. 2015. Morphological characters of tomato in relation to resistance against tomato fruit borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner). International Journal of Plant Protection 8, 152-156.

http://dx.doi.org/10.15740/HAS/IJPP/8.1/152-156

Balcha K, Belew D, Nego J. 2015. Evaluation of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) varieties for seed yield and yield components under Jimma condition, South Western Ethiopia. Journal of Agronomy 14, 292.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ja.2015.292.297

Baloch A. 1994. Vegetable Crops. In Horticulture National Book Foundation. Islamabad p 489-509.

Binalfew T, Alemu Y, Geleto J, Wendimu G, Hinsermu M. 2016. Performance of introduced hybrid tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) cultivars in the Rift Valley, Ethiopia 3, 25-28.

Doganlar S, Frary A, Tanksley S. 2000. The genetic basis of seed-weight variation: tomato as a model system. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 100, 1267-1273.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051433

Grandillo S, Ku H, Tanksley S. 1999. Identifying the loci responsible for natural variation in fruit size and shape in tomato. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 99, 978-987.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051405

Hossain EK, Ahamed U, Shamsuzzaman AMM, Haque M, Nahar K. 2017. Yield and morph-physiological performance of different tomato varieties in winter season. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research 25(6), 1216-1224.

Hussain IKI, Ahmed M, Khan SM, Naveed AKK, Ali S, Hussain I, Sajid M. 2017. Screening of different exotic lines of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) under the agro climatic condition of Haripur. Pure and Applied Biology (PAB) 6, 1251-1259.

http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2017.600133

Islam S, Hossain MK, Hasan R, Bashar A, Huque A, Alam N. 2016. Quantification of genetic diversity analysis for the improvement of cultivated tomato genotypes. Bangladesh journal of botany 45, 485-491.

Lohano HD, Mari FM. 2005. Spatial price linkages in Regional Onion markets of Pakistan. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences 1, 318-321.

Mehmood N, Ayub G, Ullah I, Ahmad N, Noor M, Khan AM, Ahmad S, Saeed A. 2012. Response of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) cultivars to nitrogen levels. Pure and Applied Biology 1, 63.

MINNFSR. 2014-2015. Fruit, vegetables and condiments statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of National Food Security and Research Economic wing Islamabad, p 21-22.

Saeed A, Hayat K, Khan A, Iqbal S. 2007. Heat tolerance studies in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). International Journal of Agriculture & Biology 9, 649-652.

Saleem MY, Asghar M, Haq MA, Rafique T, Kamran A, Khan AA. 2009. Genetic analysis to identify suitable parents for hybrid seed production in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 1107-1116.

Stevens MA, Kader AA, Albright-Holton M. 1977. Intercultivar variation in composition of locular and pericarp portions of fresh market tomatoes. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 102, 689-692.

Taiana T, Harun-Ur-Rashid M, Parveen S, Hossain MS, Azadul M. 2015. Selection strategies to choose better parents in tomato using genetic parameters. Plant Knowledge Journal 4, 33-39.

Tan H-L, Thomas-Ahner JM, Grainger EM, Wan L, Francis DM, Schwartz SJ, Erdman JW, Clinton SK. 2010. Tomato-based food products for prostate cancer prevention: what have we learned? Cancer and Metastasis Reviews 29, 553-568.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10555-010-9246-z

Syed Mubarak Shah, Neelam Ara, Shujaat Ali, Asad Ullah, Nasar Ali Khan, Ata Ullah, Mudassar Mushtaq.
Morphological and yield performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) Germplasm under agro climatic condition of peshawar.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 224-230, January 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/morphological-yield-performance-tomato-lycopersicon-esculentum-l-germplasm-agro-climatic-condition-peshawar/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update