Morphological and yield performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) Germplasm under agro climatic condition of peshawar

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Research Paper 01/01/2019
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Morphological and yield performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) Germplasm under agro climatic condition of peshawar

Syed Mubarak Shah, Neelam Ara, Shujaat Ali, Asad Ullah, Nasar Ali Khan, Ata Ullah, Mudassar Mushtaq
Int. J. Biosci.14( 1), 224-230, January 2019.
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The experiment “Morphological and yield performance of tomato germplasm under agro climatic condition of Peshawar” was carried out at The University of Agriculture Peshawar during 2017. The primary objective of this research to evaluate different tomato germplasm for their yield and adaptability in Peshawar. For morphological characterization, the tomato germplasm were three times replicated in Randomized Complete Block Design. Ten tomato germplasm were selected that included Rio Grande, Gala, Kalam, Red Star, Roma VF, Taj, Peshawar Local, Bambino, Roma and Cherry tomato. The statistically analyzed data indicated that tomato germplasm were highly significant (P ≥ 0.01) in growth and yield contributing parameters. Morphological data indicated that maximum plant height (105.3 cm) was recorded in germplasm Kalam. Maximum number of primary branches plant-1 (8), fruit yield plant-1 (1.67 kg) and total yield (43.2 tons ha-1) were observed in variety Roma VF. Maximum days to first flower were observed in variety Bambino (37). Maximum number of fruits plant-1 (36.3) were shown by germplasm Cherry tomato. Maximum fruit length (7.37 cm) was found out in cv. Roma, whereas maximum fruit width (4.83 cm) and 100 seed weight (0.372 g) were recorded in cv. Rio Grande. Based on these results the tomato germplasm performed best in yield and growth contributing parameters should be further evaluated for their potential use in breeding programs. Furthermore, Roma VF and Rio Grande were given best performance in yield and almost morphological characteristics and should be the choice for cultivation in Peshawar.


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