Impact of biofertilizers, chicken manure and urea on growth and yield of maize (Zea Mays L.) grown in desertified region

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Research Paper 01/11/2018
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Impact of biofertilizers, chicken manure and urea on growth and yield of maize (Zea Mays L.) grown in desertified region

Biofertilizers, Chicken manure, Urea, Yield, Maize.
Int. J. Biosci.13( 5), 448-456, November 2018.
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In order to assess the effects of biofertilizers and urea (source of chemical nitrogen) and their possible combinations on the performance of a maize variety (Hudeiba 45) in a desert sandy soil, a field experiment was conducted at El Rawakeeb Research Station for two consecutive seasons (2009 and 2010). The field experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replicates. The treatments used were Azospirillum brazilense (A), Azotobacter sp (B), chicken manure (CM) at a rate of 7t/ha, urea (46% N) at 40kgN/ha (T), urea at 120kg N/ha (N), A+T, B+T, A+CM and B+CM in addition to and the control. Data were collected after 6, 10 and 14 weeks from sowing on plant height, number of leaves/plant, leaf area, stem diameter, shoot dry weight/plant and root dry weight/plant. Grain yield was also measured. The obtained results showed that chicken manure solely or in combination with biofertilizers significantly (p ≤ 0.05) increased growth and crop yield. However, in most studied parameters no significant differences were observed between the recommended rate of urea and chicken manure or its combination with the bioferilizrs. 33.13% and 24.73% increment in grain yield (t/ha) were recorded when Chicken manure was applied in 2009 and 2010, respectively.


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