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Impact of city effluents on soil and vegetables in Pakistan

Research Paper | April 1, 2018

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Muhammad Atiq, ShumaizaIdrees, Muhammad Ehetisham-ul-Haq3, Ahmad Zeeshan, Nasir Ahmed Rajput, Muhammad Kamran, Muhammad Faraz Anwar, Ahmad Subhani

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 4), 8-18, April 2018


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Waste water irrigation accumulating heavy toxic metals in soil and in plant grown posing a serious threat to biotic life. The represent research was aimed to assess city effluents on soil and vegetables in three different location of Faisalabad district in Pakistan. Samples of irrigation water, field soils and leafy vegetables were taken from random sites ABC road (City effluents), Judgewali (Normal water + city effluents) and Rasalewala (Normal water irrigated) in Faisalabad region. Maximum pH (7.53) was recorded in city effluents (ABC road). Cadmium and cobalt concentrations were measured from root and leaves samples of cabbage, coriander and spinach taken from city effluents irrigated (ABC road) and normal water + city effluent irrigated (Judgewali) soils. No significant difference in Electrical Conductivity (EC) was noted between ABC road and Judgewali sites. No significant difference in cadmium (Cd) and Manganese (Mn) was found between irrigation water samples taken from ABC road and Judgewali. Samples taken from ABC road and Judgewali were significantly same in pH butElectrical conductivity (EC) varied regardless to the soil depth. Maximum (14.100) Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) was noted at Judgewali location at 0-20 cm depth soil samples. Judgewali was found to be significantly high (0.8167) in organic matter (OG) contents. Cadmium (Cd) was found highly significant at 80-100 cm depth samples taken from ABC road (city effluents). No cadmium and cobalt was found in soils where normal irrigation water (Rasalawali) was applied. Samples of three vegetables (cabbage, coriander and spinach) from Rasalawali (Normal water irrigated) were found to be free from cobalt, cadmium and manganese.


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Impact of city effluents on soil and vegetables in Pakistan

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