Impact of rice husk biochar and macronutrient fertilizer on fodder maize and soil properties

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2015
Views (250) Download (7)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Impact of rice husk biochar and macronutrient fertilizer on fodder maize and soil properties

Allah Wadhayo Gandahi, Shah Faisal Baloch, Mohamad Saleem Sarki, Rabail Gandahi, Muhammad Siddique Lashari
Int. J. Biosci.7( 4), 12-21, October 2015.
Certificate: IJB 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted with the objectives to assess the efficacy of rice husk biochar with and without fertilization application on the growth, fodder production of maize, NPK content in soil, plant and some soil properties. The treatments included: T1= Control (no macronutrient fertilizers or biochar), T2= 100% recommended (130-80-40 NPK kg ha-1), T3= 2.5 t ha-1 Biochar (BC), T4 = 5 t ha-1 BC, T5= 10 t BC ha-1, T6= 25% less NPK+5 t ha-1 BC, T7 = 25% less NPK+10 t ha-1 BC, T8 = 50% less NPK+5 t ha-1 BC, and T9 = 50% less NPK+10 t ha-1 BC. Results of study showed that combined application of macronutrient and rice husk biochar had positive impacts on maize growth nutrient content and soil organic matter. The application of T1 and T6 were at par with each other and significantly higher from other treatments. The soil properties like: organic matter %, pH and EC were positively affected by BC application at all levels. The above findings suggested that application of biochar alone was not good enough to improve the nutritional status and growth of the maize. Hence, combining biochar with NPK fertilizers was suitable strategy to get higher maize yields. It was also observed that although residual NPK status in soil increased but increase in soil pH and electrical conductivity was not good sign for calcareous soils and it was may be due to high alkali nature of rice husk biochar.

VIEWS 3

Ali K, Munsif F, Zubair M, Hussain Z, Shahid M, Din IU, Khan N. 2011. Management of organic and inorganic nitrogen for different maize (Zea mayz L) varieties.  Sarhad  Journal  of  Agriculture  27(4), 525-529.

Bocchi S, Tano F. 1994. Effect of cattle manure and components of Pig slurry on maize growth and production. European Journal of Agronomy 3, 235-241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(14)80088-9

Beesley L, Moreno-Jimenez E, Gomez-Eyles JL. 2013. Effects of biochar and green waste compost amendments on mobility, bioavailability and toxicity of inorganic and organic contaminants in a multi-element polluted soil. Environmental Pollution 158,2282-2287. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.02.003

Chan KY, Van Zwieten BL, Meszaros I, Downie D, Joseph S. 2008. Using poultry litter biochars as soil amendments. Australian Journal of Soil Research 46, 437- 444. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SR08036

Fageria NK, Baligar VC. 2005. Enhancing nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants. Advances in Agronomy 88, 97-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(05)88004-6

Islami T, Guritno B, Basuki N, Suryanto A. 2011. Biochar for cassava based cropping system in the degraded lands of East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 49, 40- 46.

Islami T, Guritno B, Basuki N, Suryanto A. 2011. Maize yield and associated soil quality changes in cassava + maize intercropping system after 3 years of biochar application. Journal of Agriculture and Food. Technology 1, 112-115.

Jeffery SF, Verheijen FGA, Van Der Velde M, Bastos AC. 2011. A quantitative review of the effects of biochar application to soils on crop productivity using meta-analysis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 144, 175-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.08.015

Knicker H. 2007. How does fire affect the nature and stability of soil organic nitrogen and carbon, a review. Biogeochemistry 85, 91-118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10533-007-9104-4

Khan HZ, Malik MA, Saleem MF. 2008. Effect of rate and source of organic material on the production potential of spring maize (Zea mays L.). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 45 (1), 40-43.

Kloss S, Zehetner F, Oburger E, Buecker J., Kitzler B, Wenzel WW, Wimmer B, Soja G. 2014. Trace element concentrationsin leachates and mustard plant tissue (Sinapis alba L.) after biochar application to temperate soil. Science of the Total Environment 481, 498–508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.02.093

Lashari MS, Liu Y, Li L, Pan W, Fu J, Pan G, Zheng J, Zheng J, Zhang X, Yu X. 2013. Effects of amendment of biochar-manure compost in conjunction with pyroligneous solution on soil quality and wheat yield of a salt-stressed cropland from Central China Great Plain. Field Crops Research 144, 113-118.

Lashari MS, Ye Y, Ji H, Li L, Grace WK, Lu H, Zheng J, Pan G. 2015. Biochar-manure compost in conjunction with pyroligneous solution alleviated maize  salt  stress  and  improved  growth  in  a  salt-affected  soil  from  Central  China:  A  two-year  field experiment. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 95, 1321-1327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.682

Lehmann J. 2007. Bio-energy in the black. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5, 381-387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/15409295(2007)5[381:BITB]2.0.CO;2

Lehmann J, Rillig MC, Thies J, Masiello CA, Hockaday WC, Crowley D. 2011. Biochar effects on soil biota-A review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43, 1812–1836. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.04.022

Lehmann J, Silva JP, Steiner JC, Nehls T, Zech W, Glaser B. 2003. Nutrient availability and leaching in an archaeological anthrosol and a ferralsol of the central amazon basin: fertilizer, manure and charcoal amendments. Plant and Soil 249, 343-357. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022833116184

Lu H, Lashari MS, Liu X, Ji, H, Li L, Zheng J, Grace WK, Joseph S, Pan G. 2015. Changes in soil microbial community structure and enzyme activity with amendment of biochar-manure compost and pyroligneous solution in a saline soil from Central China Plain. European Journal of Soil Biology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2015.07.005.

Iyobe T, Asada T, Kawata K, Oikawa K. 2004. Comparison of removal efficiencies for ammonia and amine gases between woody charcoal and activated carbon. Journal of Health Science 50, 148–153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/jhs.50.148

Liang B, Lehmann J, Solomon D, Kinyangi J, Grossman J, O’Neill, Skjemstad JO, Thies J, Luizao FJ, Petersen J, Neves EG. 2006. Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70, 1719-1730. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.2136/sssaj2005.0383

Laird DA, Fleming P, Davis DD, Horton R, Wang BQ, Karlen DL. 2010. Impact of biochar amendments on the quality of a typical Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma 158, 443–449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.05.013

Major J, Rondon M, Molina D, Riha S, Lehmann J. 2010. Maize yield and nutrition during 4 years after biochar application to a Colombian savanna oxisol. Plant and Soil 333, 117–128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-010-0327-0

Masulili A, Utomo WH, Syekhfani. 2010. Rice husk biochar for rice based cropping system in acid soil 1. The characteristics of rice husk biochar and its Influence on the properties of acid sulfate soils and rice growth in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural Science (Canada) 3, 25-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jas.v2n1p39

Nguyen GJ, Rondon M. 2012. Biochar squesrtration in terrestrial ecosystems. A review. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11, 403-427. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11027-005-9006-5

Novak DR, Colle BA. 2012. Diagnosing snowband predictability using a multimodel ensemble system. Weather Forecasting, 27, 565–585. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-11-00047.1

Naeem MA, Khalid M, Arshad M, Ahmed R. 2014. Yield and nutrient composition of biochar produced from different feed stocks at varying pyrolytic temperatures. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51(1), 75-82.

Oya A, Iu WG. 2002. Deodorization performance of charcoal particles loaded with orthophosphoric acid against ammonia and trimethylamine. Journal of soil use and management 40(9), 1391-1399. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(01)00273-1

Singh J, Gu S. 2010. Biomass conversion to energy in India- a critique. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14, 2596–2610. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.01.013

Sohi, SP, Krull E, Lopez-Capel E, Bol R. 2010. A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. Advances in Agronomy 105, 47-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(10)05002-9

Steiner C, Blum WEH, Zech W, de Macedo JLV, Teixeira WG, Lehmann J, Nehls T. 2007. Long term effect of manure, charcoal and mineral fertilization on crop production and fertility on highly weathered central Amazonian upland soil. Plant and Soil 291, 275-290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-007-9193-9

Sukartono W, Utomo H, Kusuma Z, Nugroho WH. 2011. Soil fertility status, nutrient uptake, and maize (Zea mays L.) yield following biochar application on sandy soils of Lombok, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 49, 47-52.

Uzoma KC, Inoue M, Andry H, Fujimaki H, Zahoor A, Nishhara E. 2011. Effect of cow manure biochar on maize productivity under sandy soil condition. Soil Use and Management 27(2), 205–212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2011.00340.x

Warnock DD, Lehmann J, Kuyper TW, Rillig M. 2007. Mycorrhizal responses to biochar in soil— Concepts and mechanisms. Plant and Soil. 300, 9-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-007-9391-5

Widowati, Utomo WHL, Soehono LA, Guritno B. 2011. Effect of biochar on the release and loss of nitrogen from urea fertilization. Journal of Agriculture and Food Technology 1, 127-132.

Woolf D, James E, Amonette F, Street-Perrott A, Lehmann J. Joseph S. 2010. Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change. Nature Communications 1(5), 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1053