Impact of rice husk biochar and macronutrient fertilizer on fodder maize and soil properties

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Research Paper 01/10/2015
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Impact of rice husk biochar and macronutrient fertilizer on fodder maize and soil properties

Allah Wadhayo Gandahi, Shah Faisal Baloch, Mohamad Saleem Sarki, Rabail Gandahi, Muhammad Siddique Lashari
Int. J. Biosci.7( 4), 12-21, October 2015.
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A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted with the objectives to assess the efficacy of rice husk biochar with and without fertilization application on the growth, fodder production of maize, NPK content in soil, plant and some soil properties. The treatments included: T1= Control (no macronutrient fertilizers or biochar), T2= 100% recommended (130-80-40 NPK kg ha-1), T3= 2.5 t ha-1 Biochar (BC), T4 = 5 t ha-1 BC, T5= 10 t BC ha-1, T6= 25% less NPK+5 t ha-1 BC, T7 = 25% less NPK+10 t ha-1 BC, T8 = 50% less NPK+5 t ha-1 BC, and T9 = 50% less NPK+10 t ha-1 BC. Results of study showed that combined application of macronutrient and rice husk biochar had positive impacts on maize growth nutrient content and soil organic matter. The application of T1 and T6 were at par with each other and significantly higher from other treatments. The soil properties like: organic matter %, pH and EC were positively affected by BC application at all levels. The above findings suggested that application of biochar alone was not good enough to improve the nutritional status and growth of the maize. Hence, combining biochar with NPK fertilizers was suitable strategy to get higher maize yields. It was also observed that although residual NPK status in soil increased but increase in soil pH and electrical conductivity was not good sign for calcareous soils and it was may be due to high alkali nature of rice husk biochar.


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