Impact of unpuddled transplanting and crop residue mulching on the yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

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Research Paper 01/03/2021
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Impact of unpuddled transplanting and crop residue mulching on the yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Mohammad Mobarak Hossain, Mahfuza Begum, Md. Moshiur Rahman, Abul Hashem, Richard W. Bell
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.18( 3), 11-19, March 2021.
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On-farm research was conducted at the Gouripur upazila under Mymensingh district of Bangladesh during boro (mid November- June) season in 2013-14 and 2014-15 to evaluate the performance of unpuddled rice cultivation with crop residue retention. The rice var. BRRI dhan28 was transplanted by two tillage practices viz., puddled conventional tillage (CT) and non-puddled strip tillage (ST), and two levels of crop residues viz., “no” residue (R0) and 50% residue (R50). The experiment was devised in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Results showed no significant yield differences between tillage practices and residue levels in 2013-14. But in the following year, ST yielded higher grains (5.72t ha-1), which was about 9.36% higher compared to CT. The higher grain yield in ST leading to 22.23% higher BCR than CT. Retention of 50% residue increased yield by 3.15% over no-residue, contributing to 10.58% higher BCR. The ST combined 50% residue produced the highest grain yield (5.81 t ha-1), which was credited to obtain the highest BCR (1.06).


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