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Research Paper | February 1, 2017

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Impacts of industrial encroachment in residential vicinity, A case study of Lahore

Amra Tahir, Saamia Saif, Almas Hamid

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.10(2), 202-212, February 2017

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Abstract

Industries contribute to a major part of a country’s economy. But this contribution nullifies when these industries operate without the eco-friendly standard operating procedures, and in turn become key contributors to environmental pollution. The sign of this burden on the environment due to industrialization is sought in the present study. The research was conducted at Gulberg; a multi-sect oral (residential, commercial and industrial) study area to monitor noise, air and water quality for three months. For environmental monitoring, drinking water samples were analyzed against fourteen (14) parameters of concern with concentration for Fluoride, Lead, Arsenic and Total Coli forms exceeding the NEQS in some samples. Similarly, the wastewater samples were tested against twenty-three (23) physio-chemical parameters that showed pH, TSS, TDS, COD, BOD, Oil & Grease, Copper, Nickel, Chromium, Silver, Cadmium and Zinc to be exceeding the NEQS in some samples. Results showed that wastewater discharges from newspaper printing press, beverage industry, ice-cream factory, towels and rubber goods industries are major contributors to environmental pollution. Ambient air and noise quality monitoring was carried out at fourteen (14) locations (four residential, eight industrial and two commercial) for PM10, NO2, CO2, SO2 and CO which were found to be within the NAAQS. Whereas, noise monitoring conducted for eight (8) working hours from 8:00 am to 3:00 pm indicated noise levels exceeding the limits set in the National Standards. Subsequently, the health survey verified poor health conditions of the inhabitants due to poor water quality and noise pollution.

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