Implications of terrorism/farmers-herders conflicts on small-scale maize farmers in Agatu local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria

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Research Paper 03/08/2023
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Implications of terrorism/farmers-herders conflicts on small-scale maize farmers in Agatu local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria

Enwa Sarah, Osugba Sylvester, Monday Agbeyi
Int. J. Biosci.23( 2), 17-26, August 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This paper examined the implications of terrorism/farmers-herders conflict on small-scale maize farmers in Agatu LGA of Benue state. The responses collected from the questionnaire distributed were analyzed using the multiple regressions model, independent sampled t-test and Spearman’s correlation coefficient. The R2 shows the extent to which the socio-economic characteristics predict the output of maize production (0.143). While the adjusted R of 0.080 shows that 80% variance in the maize yield/output was accounted for by the combined effect of socio-economic characteristics. Durbin Watson’s statistics was 1.847, which is within the acceptable level. Therefore, it has been statistically established that labour in the study area has a coefficient level of -11.637 and a p< .01). The result of the independent sampled t-test showed that the mean value of #157640.00 and 30,646.82 for farmers before and during the major conflicts shows that the farmer-herder conflict had a devastating and negative effect on farmer’s income. The Spearman’s correlation coefficient also indicated that the herders-farmers conflict has negatively affected maize production in the study area. This study discovered that the continuous terror attacks and the farmer-herder conflict in the studied communities of Agatu LGA of Benue State have a significant negative impact on maize output. The government should ensure that necessary measures are put in place to check this mayhem. Therefore, it is recommended that government should come up with a new grazing resolution and deployment of modern technology in conflict-prone communities.

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