Improvement of the chemical characteristics of Aceh entisol and maize yield due to the application of rice husk, biochar and manure

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/03/2020
Views (381) Download (33)

Improvement of the chemical characteristics of Aceh entisol and maize yield due to the application of rice husk, biochar and manure

Teuku Maulana, Sufardi, Syakur
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.16( 3), 19-23, March 2020.
Certificate: IJAAR 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Entisols have known of containing low levels of clay and organic matter, therefore the water holding capacity is low. In order to increase soil fertility, the effort of adding organic amendments is required. One of the most possible method is applicating rice husk, biochar, and cow manure that is able to improve the soil structure to become more crumb and to increasee the ability to hold water. The study was conducted in the experimental garden of the Faculty of Agriculture, University Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Analysis of soil chemical characteristics was conducted in Aceh BPTP laboratory. The study was conducted from May until September 2018. The research was designed using a Non-Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD). The following treatments are R1 (10 ton ha-1 rice husk), R2 (10 ton ha-1 rice husk + N and K), R3 (10 ton ha-1 rice husk + NPK), R4 (Biochar 10 ton ha-1), R5 (Biochar 10 ton ha-1 + N and K), R6 (Biochar 10 ton ha-1 + NPK), R7 (cow manure 10 ton ha-1), R8 (cow manure 10 ton ha-1 + N and K), R9 (cow manure 10 ton ha-1 + NPK), R10 (cow manure 20 ton ha-1), R11 (cow manure 20 ton ha-1 + N and K) , R12 (20 ton ha-1 + NPK). The combination of biochar treatment 10 tons ha-1 + NPK influence the availablity of P in soil, the combination of cow manure treatment 20 tons ha-1 + N and K influence exchangeable potasium in soil, and the combination treatment of cow manure 10 tons ha-1 + N and K affects the potential yield of maize.


Bu XL, Xue JH, Su J, Wu YB. 2019. Effect of rice husk biochar addition on nutrient leaching and microbial properties of Calcaric cambisols. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 74, 172-179.

Carter S, Shackley S, Sohi S, Suy TB, Haefele S. 2013. The Impact of Biochar Application on Soil Properties and Plant Growth of Pot Grown Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Cabbage (Brassica chinensis). Agronomy 3, 404-418.

Fikdalillah, Basir M, Wahyudi I. 2016. The effect of cow manure on Phospphate Uptake of The Cabbage (Brassica pekinensis) in Entisols Sidera. Agrotekbis E-Journal 4, 491-499.

Hanafiah KA. 2007. The Principle of Soil Sciences Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Hayati M, Hayati E, Nurfandi D. 2011. Effect Of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on Growth of Several Sweet Corn Varieties in Tsunami Affected Land. Floratek Journal 6, 74-83.

Heniyati H. 2019. Growth Response and Production of Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharate Sturt.) with the organic and inorganic fertilizers application in valley area. University of Muhammadiyah Palembang 14, 35-40.

Neneng LN. 2014. Potency of Utilizing Biochar for Dryland Rehabilitation in Indonesia. Agricultural Research and Development Agency for the Soil Research. Special Edition of Land Resource Journal 57-68.

Sarno. 2009. The Effect of NPK Fertilizer and Chicken Manure on Soil Properties, Growth and Production of Chinese Mustrad. Tropical Soil Journal 14, 211-219.

Subroto, Yusrani A. 2005. Fertility and Soil Utilization. Bayumedia, Samarinda.

Xu G, Wei LL, Sun JN, Shao HB, Chang SX. 2013. What is More Important for Enhancing Nutrient Bioavailability with Biochar Application into a Sandy Soil: Direct or Indirect Mechanism. Ecol Eng 52, 119-124.

Yunilasari M. 2019. Effect of biochar doses and manure on the chemical characteristics of Entisol and the yield of peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) on the second planting season. Graduate School Thesis. Syiah Kuala University. Banda Aceh, Aceh.

Yuwono M, Basuki N, Agustin L. 2012. The Growth and Yield of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) on the various type and doses organic fertilizer as the difference of inorganic fertilizer. Kanisius, Yogyakarta.