Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2016

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

In vitro study of phosphorus supplementation (sodium orthophosphate, NaH2PO4.2H2O) on degradability and fermentation of rice straw

Md. Shad Uddin Mahfuz, M.R Chowdhury, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan Khan, Md. Abdul Baset

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.9(6), 170-176, December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.6.170-176

Certification:

IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Rice straw is the basal feed in some developing countries. Although its availability is abundant but nutritive value and digestibility is very poor. During the last five decades much research has been done to improve the quality of rice straw by using different treatments and supplements. But these treatments have only been partially successful. Therefore, this study was evaluated the effect of sodium orthophosphate (NaH2PO4,2H2O) as a source of phosphorus supplements on utilization of rice straw and rumen fermentation. In-vitro dry matter and organic matter degradability were increased (P<0.002) in all supplemented phosphorus level than control. Dry matter degradability was higher (479 g/kg) with higher level of phosphorus (5.6, g/kg) at 48 hour. Similarly organic matter degradability was higher (438 g/kg) with higher level of phosphorus (5.6, g/kg) at 48 hour.  For NH3-N concentration in rumen fluid the effect of phosphorus were decreased (P<0.002) than control but remained at normal range (230 mg/L) for proper rumen function. The effects of phosphorus were also decreased (p<0.021) for pH in rumen fluid. Lowest PH (6.7) was observed at higher level of Phosphorus (5.6 g/kg) in rumen fluid. Sodium orthophosphate can be used as an alternative source of supplement which is not only the source of phosphorus but also act as a source of sodium which is an important mineral helped in maintaining the pH of rumen fluid and microbial growth. As rice straw is deficit in phosphorus, sodium orthophosphate improved its utilization and had an important role in ruminant digestion and metabolism.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

In vitro study of phosphorus supplementation (sodium orthophosphate, NaH2PO4.2H2O) on degradability and fermentation of rice straw

AOAC. 2004.Official Methods for Analysis, 13th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Bryant MP. 1999. Observation on the nutrition of Bacteriodes succinogenes-a ruminant cellulytic bacterium. Journal of Dairy Science 42, 1831-1847.

Calsamiglia S, Cardozo PW, Ferret A, Bach A. 2008. Changes in rumen microbial fermentation are due to a combined effect of type of diet and pH. Journal of Animal Science 86, 702-711. http://dx.doi.org10.2527/jas.2007-0146

Durand M, Kawashima R. 1980. Influence of minerals in rumen microbial digestion. In: Y. Ruckebusch and P. Thivend (eds.) Digestive Physiology and Metabolism in Ruminants. AVI Publ Co. Westport, CT. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S00220302(94)77286-6

Harris B, Adams AL, Van Horn HH. 2003. Mineral Needs of Dairy Cattle. Animal Science Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Florida, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2014.04.003

Jackson  MG.  1977. Review article: The alkali treatment of straws. Anim. Feed Science and Technology. http://dx.doi.org10.1016/0377-8401(77)90013-X

Kampa S,  Wanapat M. 2006. Influenceces of energy sources and level on ruminal fermentation and microbial protein synthesis in dairy stress, Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 5, 294-300. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2006.294.300

Kennedy PM, Lowry JB, Conlan LI.  2000.  Phosphate rather than surfactant accounts for the main contribution to enhanced fibre digestibility resulting from treatment with boiling neutral detergent. Animal Feed Science Technology 86, 177-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(00)00164-4

Khan MMH, Chaudhry AS.  2010. Chemical composition of selected forages and spices and the effect of these spices on in vitro rumen degradability of some forages. Asian-Australas Journal of  Animal Science 23, 889–900. http://dx.doi.org/110.5713/ajas.2010.90442

Komisarczuk-Bony S, Durand M. 1991.  Effects of minerals on microbial metabolism. Ed.J. P. Jouany. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Paris. Rumen Microbial Metabolism and Ruminant Digestion, 179-198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2005.02.014

Mahfuz SU, Chowdhury MR, Khan MMH, Baset AB. 2014. Effect of triple super phosphate supplementation on degradability of rice straw and ammonia nitrogen concentration. Small Ruminant Research. 120, 15-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2014.04.003

 Mardiati Z, Jamarun  N, Tjakradidjaja AS. 2010. Phosphorus Supplementation of Ammoniated Rice Straw on Rumen Fermentability, Syntesised Microbial Protein and Degradability in Vitro. International Journal of Biological, Biomolecular, Agricultural, Food and Biotechnological Engineering 4(5), 357-359. http://waset.org/publications/8898.

McDonald P, Edwards RA, Greenhalgh JF, Morgan CA. 2002. Animal Nutrition. Longman Group Limited, Harlow.

McDowell LR, Conrad JH, Ellis GL 1984. Mineral deficiencies and imbalances and their diagnosis. In: Symposium on Herbivore Nutrition in Sub-Tropics and Tropics-Problems and Prospects, Gilchrist FMC, Mackie RI, 67–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-010-8799-6

McDowell  EI. 1948. Studies on rumen saliva. The composition and output of sheeps saliva. Institute of animal pathology, university of cabridge, 99-100.

Nath K , Sahai K,  Kehar ND.1969. Effect of water washing, lime treatment and lime and calcium carbonate, supplementation on the nutritive value of paddy (oryza sativa) straw. Journal of Animal Science 28, 383-385. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas1969.283383x

Patterson  J. 2002.  Defining the phosphorus requirements of cattle. Proc. 37th Pac NW Anim Nutr Conf. pp. 11-19. http://wsare.usu.edu/

Pisulewski  PM, Okorie AU,  Buttery PJ,  Haresign W, Lewis D. 1981. Ammonia concentration and protein synthesis in the rumen. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture  32, 759-766. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1002/jsfa.2740320803

Sommart K, Parker D, Linson P. 2000. Fermentation characteristics and microbial protein synthesis in an in vitro system using cassava rice straw and dried ruzi grass as substrate. Asian Australian Journal of Animal science 13, 1084-1093. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.1084

Sutarpa INS, Suyandnya P, Partama IBG, Astawa PA. 2011. Effect of vitamin –mineral supplementation in commercial feed on the digestibility coefficient and rumen fermentation of Bali cattle. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture 36(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.14710/jitaa.36.1.69-74

Talapatra SK, Ray SC, Sen KC. 1998. Calcium and phosphorus assimilation of ruminants on oxalate-rich diets. Journal of Agricultural Science 38, 163. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600005426

Valk H, Sebek LBJ. 1999. Influence of long-term feeding of limited amounts of phosphorus on dry matter intake, milk production and body weight of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 82, 2157-2163. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S00220302(99)75459-7

Weiss WP, Wyatt DJ. 2004. Macro mineral digestion by lactating dairy cows: Estimating phosphorus excretion via manure. Journal of Dairy Science 87, 2158-2166. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S00220302(04)70035-1

Zain  M, Ninggrat R, Jamarun NAT. 2010. Effect of phosphorus supplementation of ammoniated rice straw on rumen fermentability, synthesised microbial protein and degradability in vitro. In: Advances in Animal Bioscience: Proceedings of the British Societyof Animal Science. Annual Conference, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, p. 210. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2040470010003535

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background