Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Increased Productivity of Eggs, FCR, and IOFC from Alabio Ducks through Addition of Artificial Light Ahemeral Method Using the Combination of the Intensity and Color of Monochromatic LED Light

Research Paper | November 1, 2019

| Download 15

Danang Biyatmoko, Anis Wahdi, Tintin Rostini

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.15( 5), 155-162, November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.155-162


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Light illumination, both color and intensity is one of the environmental factors that play an important role in regulating animal biorhythms. The use of artificial light in poultry produces very diverse responses, especially in metabolism, reproduction, and behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the increase in egg productivity, feed convertion ratio (FCR) and income over feed cost (IOFC) of Alabio ducks through the addition of artificial light using the ahemeral method through a combination of intensity and color of monochromatic LED light. The research method uses a completely randomized factorial design of 4×3 with 3 replications. The first factor is the color of light (W) consisting of 4 levels including W1 (yellow), W2 (red), W3 (blue), W4 (green), and the second factor is light intensity (T) consisting of 3 levels including T1 (10 lux), T2 (15 lux) and T3 (20 lux). Nutritional content of crude protein (CP) 18%, metabolic energy (ME) 2800 kcal. kg-1. The variables observed were egg production, total egg weight, feed consumption, FCR and IOFC. The length of study and measurement of duck egg production is 4 weeks. The results showed that in the 4 weeks of observation the best treatment was a combination of blue light treatment with a light intensity of 15 lux (W3T2), with the highest egg production achievement of 22.40 ± 4.5 eggs.duck-1, the total egg weight achievement was 1373, 12 ± 16.5 g.duck-1, feed consumption of 810.12 ± 13.5 g.duck-1, FCR value of 4.13 ± 1.3 and IOFC of 29,405.39 ± 333, 1 Rp.duck-1. The conclusion of this study is the color of blue light with an intensity of 15 lux (W3T2) can increase the productivity of Alabio duck eggs and IOFC obtained.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Increased Productivity of Eggs, FCR, and IOFC from Alabio Ducks through Addition of Artificial Light Ahemeral Method Using the Combination of the Intensity and Color of Monochromatic LED Light

BPS Kalimantan Selatan. 2019. Indeks Harga Konsumen/ Inflasi Kalimantan Selatan. https://www.bi.go.id/id/publikasi/kajianekonomiregional/kalsel/Contents/Kajian%20Ekonomi.

Biyatmoko D. 2014.  Effect the combinations of light color and intensity of light to egg first laying and production egg of Alabio laying duck. International Journal of Biosciences 5, 80-85.

Biyatmoko D. 2016.  The effect of protease enzyme supplementation to productivity eggs of alabio duck.  International Journal of Biosciences 8(2), 202-208.

Borille R, Garcia RG, Royer AFB, Santana, Colet S, Naas IA, Caldara FR, Almeida Paz ICL, Rosa ES,  Castilho VAR. 2013.  The use of light-emitting diodes (LED) in commercial layer production. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola 15, 135-140. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-635X2013000200009

Firouzi S, Haghbin Nazarpak H, Habibi H, Jalali SS, Nabizadeh Y, Rezaee F, Ardali R, Marzban M. 2014. Effects of color lights on performance, immune response and hematological indices of broilers. Journal World’s Poultry Research 4, 52–55.

Freitas HJ, Cotta JTB, Oliveira AL, Murgas LDS, Gewehr CE. 2010.  Effects of different lighting programs in laying hens housed in free range. Revista Biotemas 23, 157–162. (in Portuguese).

Hassan MR, Sultana S, Choe HS, Ryu KS. 2014. Effect of combinations of monochromatic led light color on the performance and behavior of laying hens. Journal of Poultry Science 51, 321–326.

Hassan RMd, Sultana S, Sung HH, Saon RK. 2013. Effect of monochromatic and combined light colour on performance, blood parameters, ovarian morphology and reproductive hormones in laying hens. Italian Journal of Animal Science 12, 1–6.

Huber-Eicher B, Suter A, Spring-Stahli P.  2013. Effects of colored light-emitting diode illumination on behavior and performance of laying hens. Journal of Poultry Science 92, 869-873. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2012-02679

Jin E, Jia I, Li J, Yang G, Wang Z, Cao J, Chen Y.  2011. Effect of Monochromatic Light onMelatonin Secretion and Arylalkylamine N-Acetyltransferase mRNA Expression in The Retina and Pineal Gland of Broilers. The anatomical record 294, 1233–1241.

Kasiyati N, Kusumorini H, Maheshwari W, Manalu. 2010. Fotostimulasi cahaya monokromatik untuk optimasi reproduksi dan karakteristik karkas puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Prosiding Hewan dalam Rangka Swasembada Pangan Nasional. Bogor, 6-7 Oktober, p 118-122.

Kasiyati.  2018.  The role of light in birds life: the response of growth and reproduction.  Buletin Anatomi dan Fisiologi 3(1), 116 – 125.

Kim MJ, Hossian MS, Nazma A, Jae CN, Han TB, Hwan KK, Dong WK, Chae HC, Choi HC, Ok SS. 2012. Effect of monochromatic light on sexual maturity, production performance and egg quality of laying hens. Avian Biology Research 5, 69–74.

Li D, Zhang L, Yang M, Yin H, Xu H, Trask JS, Smith DG, Zhang Z, Zhu Q.  2014. The effect of monochromatic light-emitting diode light on reproductive traits of laying hens. Journal Applied Poultry Research 23, 367–375.

Liu L, Li D, Gilbert ER, Xiao Q, Zhao X, Wang Y, Yin H, Zhu Q. 2015. Effect of monochromatic light on expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) in ovarian follicles of chicken. Plos One 10(12), 1-14.

Mohamed R A, Elthoth MM, El-Saidy NR. 2014. Rearing broiler chickens under monochromatic blue light improve performance and reduce fear and stress during pre-slaughter handling and transportation. Biology in Animal Husbandry 30(3), 457-471.

Morrill WBB, Barnabé JMC, Da Silva TPN, Pandorfi H,  Gouveia-Neto AS, Wellington SS.  2014.  The effect of RGB monochromatic and polychromatic LED lighting on growth performance, behavior, and development of broilers. Proceedings of Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers; San Francisco, CA, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2036602

Olanrewaju HA, Purswell PL, Collier SD, Branton SL. 2012. Influence of photoperiod, light intensity, and their interac-tion on growth performance and carcass characteristics of broil-ers grown to heavy weights. International Journal of Poultry Science 11, 739–746.

Rozenboim I, Mobarkey N, Avital-CN, Kashash-HY, Heiblum R, Chaiseha Y, Halawani ME. 2012. Photostimulation effects on reproductive activities of domestic birds. In: The XXIV World’s Poultry Congress; Bahia, Brazil, p 1–8.

Shabiha S, Hassan R, Choe HS, Ryu KS.  2013.  Impact of different monochromatic LED light colour and bird age on the behavioral output and fear response in ducks.  Italian Journal of Animal Science 12, 573 – 584.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH. 1993. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Edisi 2. Terjemahan Sumantri B. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

 Svobodova J, Tumova E, Chodova D. 2015.  Effect of light colour on egg production. Czech Journal of Animal Science 60(12), 550-556.

Zhu HX, Hu MD, Guo BB, Qu XL, Lei MM, Chen R, Chen Z, Shi ZD. 2019. Effect and molecular regulatory mechanism of monochromatic light colors on the egg-laying performance of Yangzhou geese. Animal Reproduction Science 204, 131-139. http://dx.doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2019.03.015