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Increased Productivity of Eggs, FCR, and IOFC from Alabio Ducks through Addition of Artificial Light Ahemeral Method Using the Combination of the Intensity and Color of Monochromatic LED Light

Danang Biyatmoko, Anis Wahdi, Tintin Rostini

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Int. J. Biosci.15(5), 155-162, November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.155-162


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Light illumination, both color and intensity is one of the environmental factors that play an important role in regulating animal biorhythms. The use of artificial light in poultry produces very diverse responses, especially in metabolism, reproduction, and behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the increase in egg productivity, feed convertion ratio (FCR) and income over feed cost (IOFC) of Alabio ducks through the addition of artificial light using the ahemeral method through a combination of intensity and color of monochromatic LED light. The research method uses a completely randomized factorial design of 4×3 with 3 replications. The first factor is the color of light (W) consisting of 4 levels including W1 (yellow), W2 (red), W3 (blue), W4 (green), and the second factor is light intensity (T) consisting of 3 levels including T1 (10 lux), T2 (15 lux) and T3 (20 lux). Nutritional content of crude protein (CP) 18%, metabolic energy (ME) 2800 kcal. kg-1. The variables observed were egg production, total egg weight, feed consumption, FCR and IOFC. The length of study and measurement of duck egg production is 4 weeks. The results showed that in the 4 weeks of observation the best treatment was a combination of blue light treatment with a light intensity of 15 lux (W3T2), with the highest egg production achievement of 22.40 ± 4.5 eggs.duck-1, the total egg weight achievement was 1373, 12 ± 16.5 g.duck-1, feed consumption of 810.12 ± 13.5 g.duck-1, FCR value of 4.13 ± 1.3 and IOFC of 29,405.39 ± 333, 1 Rp.duck-1. The conclusion of this study is the color of blue light with an intensity of 15 lux (W3T2) can increase the productivity of Alabio duck eggs and IOFC obtained.


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