Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | April 1, 2016

| Download 1

Induction of Striga hermonthica germination and haustorium initiation by Allelochemicals produced by millet cultivars

Amani Hamad Eltayeb, Mohammed Mahgoub Hassan, Samia Osman Yagoub, Abdel AlGabar E. Babiker

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.8(4), 1-10, April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/8.4.1-10


IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Laboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate the allelopathic potential of 16 millet cultivars on early developmental stages of Striga. Millet leaves and roots residue dry matter powder with different level was used for the bioassays on Striga germination and haustorium using Fuji techniques. Result revealed that leaves residue of the cultivar DST displayed the highest germination (26.3%), followed in descending order by Ashana (24.0%), SADCL (23.2 %) and KMV221 (22.1%). However, leave residue from Sudan III was completely inhibited germination. Generally, the depressive effects of the leaves powder decreased with increasing concentration, irrespective to cultivars. With respect to root residue, result revealed that DM sustained the highest germination (54.83%). However, root residue from KMV155 and MCSRC displayed negligible germination. Germilings from seeds induced to germination by millet, irrespective of cultivars and plant parts showed pre-mature haustoria. A further increase in amount of leaves residue to 100 mg or more increased haustorium formation, but not significantly (68.2-70.9%). The leaves residue of KMV221, SADCL and Ashana cultivars displayed the highest haustoria. However, Striga inoculated with Sudan III leaves powder completely inhibited haustorium. Root powder of SADCL, UGANDI and Sudan III cultivars induced between 70.1 – 75.9% haustoria. However, KMV155 and OK-ashana cultivars sustained the lowest haustoria initiation (5-6.4%). The use of millet residue could diminish the global soil seed bank of Striga and reduce our reliance on synthetic herbicides.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Induction of Striga hermonthica germination and haustorium initiation by Allelochemicals produced by millet cultivars

Alam SM, Ala SA, Azmi AR, Khan MA.,AnsariR. 2001. Allelopathy and its in Agriculture. Online Journal of Biological Sciences 1(15), 308-315.

Cambier V, Hance T, De Hoffmann E. 2000. Variation of DIMBOA and related compounds content in  relation  to the  age  and  plant  organ  in  maize. Phytochemistry 53, 223-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(99)00498-7

De la Fuente JBM, Ramirez Rodriguez V, Cabrera Ponce JBL, Herrera Estrella L. 1997. Aluminum tolerance in transgenic plants by alteration of citrate synthesis. Science 276, 1566– 1568.

Duke SO, Scheffler BE, Dayan FE, Weston LA, Ota E. 2001. Strategies for using transgenes to produce allelopathic crops. Weed Technology 15, 826-834. http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/0890037X(2001)015[0826 :SFUTTP]2.0.CO;2

Friebe A, Schulz M, Kuck P, Schnabel H. 1995. Phytotoxins from shoot extracts and root exudates of agropyron repens seedlings Phytochemistry 38, 1157–1159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(94)00795-U

FujiiY Shibuya T, Nakalani K, Itam T, Hiradate S, Parvez MM. 2004. Assessment method for allelopathic effect from leaf litter leachates. 4, 19- 23.

Gagnon H, Ibrahim RK. 1997. Effects of various elicitors on the accumulation and secretion of isoflavonoids in white lupin. Phytochemistry 44, 1463– 1467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(96)00735-2.

Gallet C, Pellissier F. (1997). Phenolic compounds in natural solutions of a coniferous forest. J. Chem. Ecol. 23, 2401–2412.

Gbèhounou G, Adango E. 2003. Trap crops of Striga hermonthica: in vitro identification and effectiveness in situ. Experimental Agriculture 40, 215-232.

Gonzalez VM, Kazimir J, Nimbal C, Weston A, Cheniae GM. 1997. Inhibition of a photosystem II electron transfer reaction by the natural product sorgoleone. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 45, 1415-1421.

Hassan MM, Daffalla HM, Modwi1 HI, Osman MG, Ahmed II, Abdel Gani ME, Babiker AEG. 2013. Effects of Fungal Strains on Seeds Germination of Millet and Striga hermonthica , Universal Journal of Agricultural Research 2(2), 83-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.13189/ujar.2014.020208

Inderjit Weston LA, Duke SO. 2005. Challenges, achievements and opportunities in allelopathy research. J. Plant Interactions 1(2), 69-81.

Inoue M, Nishimura H, Li HH, Mizutani J. 1992. Alleochemical from polygonum sachalinense J. Chem. Ecol. 18, 1833–1840.

Javaid A, Shafique Baiwa SR. 2006. Effect of aqueous extracts of allelopathic crops on germination and growth of Parthenium of Parthenium hysterophorus. South African Journal of Botany 72,609-612. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2006.04.006.

Labrousse P, Arnaud MC, Serieys H, Berville´ A, Thalouarn P. 2001. Several mechanisms are involved in resistance of Helianthus to Orobanche cumana Wallr. Annals of Botany 88, 859–868.

Ma YQ, Cheng JM, Inanaga S. 2004. Induction and inhibition of Orobanche spp. germination by extracts of traditional Chinese medicinal herbs. Agron J, 96, 1349–1356.

Miyasaka SC, Buta JG, Howell RK, Foy CD. 1991. Mechanism of Aluminum Tolerance in Snapbeans, Plant Physiol. 96, 737–743. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.96.3.737

Mori S, Nishizawa N, Kawai S, Sato Y, Takagi SJ. 1987. Methionine as a dominant precursor of phytosiderophores in Gramineae plants Plant Nutr. 10, 1003–1011.

Nie CR, Zeng RS, Luo SM, Li HS, Hong MQ, Cheng LQ. 2004. Allelopathic potentials of Wedelia trilobato L. on rice. Acta Agronomica Sinica 30(9), 942-946.

Penna S. 2003. Building stress tolerance through over producing trehalose in transgenic plants. Trend plants Sci. 8(8), 355-357.

Press  MC,  Graves  JD.  1995.  Parasitic  Plants. Chapman & Hall, London, pp 292.

Ransom JK, Njorage J. 1991. Seasonal variation in ethylene induced germination of S. hermonthica in Western Kenya. In. Proceeding of the 5th international symposium of parasitic weeds. (Pansom, J.K., Musselman, L.J., Worshman, A.P. and Parker C. eds) 391 – 396 p. CIMMYT, Nairobi.

Reigosa M, Pedrol N. 2002. In: Allelopathy: from Molecules to Ecosystems. Science Publishers Inc., Enfield, NH, 316 p.

Serghini K, Pérez-De-Luque A, Castejón-Muñoz M, García-Torres L, Jorrín JV. 2001. Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) response to broomrape (Orobanche cernua Loefl.) parasitism: induced synthesis and excretion of 7-hydroxylated simple coumarins. J Exp Bot 52, 2227–2234.

Siame BA, Weerasuriya Y, Wood K, Ejeta G, Butler LGJ. 1993 Agric. Food Chem. 41, 1486–1491.

Wu H, Terry H, James P, Deirdre L, Min A. 2000. Allelochemicals in Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.): Variation of Phenolic Acids in Root Tissues. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2000, 48, 5321-5325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf0006473

Yoneyama K, Awad AA, Xie XN. 2010. Strigolactones as germination stimulants for root parasitic plants strigolactones as germination stimulants for root parasitic plants. Plant Cell Physiol, 51, 1095–1103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcq055.

Yu JQ, Matsui YJ. 1994. Phytotoxic substances in root exudates of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Chem. Ecol. 20, 21–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02065988.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background