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Infestation Status and Farmers’ Knowledge on Yellow Sugarcane Aphid (Sipha flava) in Tanzania

Research Paper | December 1, 2020

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Ally A. Shabani, Pavithran Venkataramana, Ernest R. Mbega

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Int. J. Biosci.17( 6), 227-240, December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.6.227-240


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A survey was conducted to determine the infestation status of Yellow Sugarcane Aphid (YSA) from June to August 2019 in Manyara, Kilombero and TPC plantations and small scale farms in central and northern Tanzania. All farmers interviewed confirmed the occurrence of Yellow Sugarcane aphid in their farms and field survey data indicated the high level of incidence both in sugarcane plantations (79.07%) and small-scale farms (88.2%) and the yield loss due to Yellow Sugarcane aphid was estimated to be 8.9 tons/ha. There was no difference in the level of infestation between plantations and small-scale farms in Manyara (F = 1.007, P ˃ 0.05) and Morogoro (F = 1.676, P ˃ 0.05). Less than half of all interviewed farmers (39%) reported using chemical pesticides against Yellow sugarcane aphid while more than half (61%) did not use any kind of management approach in controlling Yellow sugarcane aphid. We recommend more monitoring exercises and information gathering about Yellow sugarcane aphid to be undertaken to properly establish the status of this pest all over the country.


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Infestation Status and Farmers’ Knowledge on Yellow Sugarcane Aphid (Sipha flava) in Tanzania

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