Influence of different weed control methods on weeds and yield of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.)

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Research Paper 01/11/2017
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Influence of different weed control methods on weeds and yield of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.)

Salma Niaz, SohailIrshad, Madeeha Imdad, Mubashra Yasin, Muhammad Zahid Mukhtar Bhatti, Muhammad Atif Ghafoor
Int. J. Biosci.11( 5), 214-219, November 2017.
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Weeds are major problem in crop production and reduce the yield of crops by competing nutrients, light, space and water therefore, this problem needs more attention. To address the problem of weeds an experiment was conducted at kitchen gardening training center for women 62JB Chananky, Faisalabad, Pakistan during 2016 to evaluate the effect of different weed control methods on weeds and yield of tomato. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications and four treatments i.e. black plastic mulch, herbicide application (fenoxaprop-p-ethyl), hand weeding and weedy check (Control). Two varieties of tomato (Naqeeb and Riogrande) were selected for the experiment and sown in a plot size of 2.4 m x 3 m for each variety. Highest weed density of 3.80 weeds m-2 for Naqeeb and 4.77 weeds m-2 in case of Riogrande, fresh weed biomass of 49.50 t ha-1 for Naqeeb and 49.68 t ha-1 in case of Riogrande and dry weed biomass 25.95 t ha-1 for Naqeeb and 26.03 t ha-1 in case of Riogrande were recorded in the weedy check plots. Hand weeding resulted in the highest number of fruits plant-1 (35.5 for Naqeeb and 32.1 in case of Riogrande), plant height (59.33 cm for Naqeeb and 60.67 cm in case of Riogrande) and yield of tomato (4.6 t ha-1 for Naqeeb and 4.3 t ha-1 in case of Riogrande). Therefore, hand weeding resulted as the most effective treatment in terms of weeds suppression and yield enhancement of tomato crop.


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