Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Influence of fertilizers on incidence and severity of early blight and late blight potato diseases under field condition

Research Paper | January 1, 2021

| Download 23

Ngoh Dooh Jules Patrice, Boydoul Frederic Ulrich, Nsimi Mva Armand, Philippe Kosma, Ambang Zachee

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.18( 1), 82-92, January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.1.82-92


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


The potato (Solanum tuberosum) production in the Far North Region, Cameroon is confronted with, diseases and pests. To improve the production of this plant, a study was carried out in Mouvou and Gouria to evaluate the impact of fertilizers on the development of late blight and early blight diseases of this plant. The experimental design used was a completely randomized block with 4 treatments: Mycorrhizae (MYC), NPK (20-10-10) chemical fertilizers, chicken droppings (CD) and a control (T). The plant material used was a local variety of potato (Dosa). Disease incidence and severity and rainfall were evaluated. Area Under Disease Progress Curve was calculated. At 60 DAS, mean incidences recorded for fertilizers were 5.7, 3.6, 1.8 and 0.8 % respectively for control, MYC, NPK and CD. In general, early blight severity decreased from 22.1% at 45 DAS to 0.3 % at 60 DAS. The highest AUDPC value of late blight at Mouvou site was observed in NPK treatment while potato in CD treatment had the lowest. The lowest AUDPC value of early blight was observed in CD treatment at both sites. AUDSIPC value for late blight was significantly higher in NPK treatment in both sites. The highest value of AUDPSIC of early blight was recorded in MYC treatment, 45 DAS in both sites. The average rainfall was higher in the Gouria site (716.5mm) than in Mouvou site (679 mm). The CD treatment can be recommended to the farmers for the phytosanitary protection of potatoes.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Influence of fertilizers on incidence and severity of early blight and late blight potato diseases under field condition

Abiodun MO, Nafiu K, Osunlaja SO. 2015. Different Rates of Urea as Nitrogen      Fertilizer Affect Root and Stalk Rot Diseases of Maize in South West Nigeria. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 7(1), 5-66.

Abuley IK, Nielsen BJ. 2017. Evaluation of models to control potato early blight (Alternariasolani) in Denmark. Crop Protection 102, 118–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2017.08.012

Ah-Fong AM, Kim KS, Judelson HS. 2017. RNA-seq of life stages of the oomycete Phytophthora infestans reveals dynamic changes in metabolic, signal transduction, and pathogenesis genes and a major role for calcium signaling in development. BMC Genomics 18(1), 198 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-017-3585-

Alkher H, Islam MR, Wijekoon C, Kalischuk M, Kawchuk LM, Peters RD, Al-Mughrabi K I, Conn KL, Dobinson KF, Waterer D, Daayf F. 2015. Characterization of Phytophthora infestans populations in Canada during 2012. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 37(3), 305-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2015.1053987

Charkowski A, Sharma K, Parker ML, Secor GA, Elphinstone J. 2020. Bacterial Diseases of Potato. In: Campos H., Ortiz O. (eds) The Potato Crop. Springer, Cham, p 351-388. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-28683-5_10

Chiunga E, Valkonen JPT. 2013. First report on viruses infecting potato in Tanzania. Plant W.Dis 97, 1260. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-02-13-0143-PDN

Diop P, Sylla ES, Diatte M, Labou B and Diarra K. 2019. Effect of cut seed tubers and pre-germination on potato tuber yield. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 13(7), 3157-3163. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v13i7.15

FAO. 2013. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations statistics division. http://faostat3.fao.org/

Fontem DA. 2003. Quantitative effects of early and late blights on tomato yields in Cameroon. Tropicultura 21, 36–41.

Fontem DA, Younyi PC, Suh MN. 2004. Effects of Crop Sanitation and Ridomil MZ Applications on Late Blight Severity and Tomato Yields in Cameroon. Tropicultura 22(3), 122-126.

Gnamkoulamba A, Tounou AK, Tchao M, Tchabi A, Adjevi AKM, Batawila K. 2018. Evaluation au champ du potentiel de croissance et de la production du riz (Oryza Sativa L.) variété IR841 inoculé en pépinière par quatre souches de champignons mycorhiziens à arbuscules. European Scientific Journal 14(12), 452-481 http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n12p452

IRAD. 2012.  (Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement), Amélioration durable de la productivité et de la compétitivité de la filière plantain au Cameroun par l’utilisation des technologies innovantes, p 4-8.

Issa M, Ngakou A, Haouvang LC, Nukenine NE. 2017. Potentials of arbuscular mycorrhizafungi (AMF) and neem (AzadirachtaindicaA. Juss.) Leaves extract as biological Control agents against the sweet potato weevil (Cylas puncticollis Boch.) in two Agro-ecological zones of Cameroun. Journal of Experimental Agriculture Internation 17(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.9734/JEAI/2017/35248

Kariuki WG, Mungai NW, Otaye DO, Thuita M, Muema E, Korir H, Masso C. 2020. Antagonistic effects of biocontrol agents against Phytophthora infestans and growth stimulation in tomatoes. African Crop Science Journal (28), Issue Supplement, s1 p 55-70. https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/acsj.v28i1.5S

Kone N, Asare-Bediako E, Silue S, Kone D, Koita O, Menzel W, Winter S. 2017. Influence of planting date on incidence and severity of viral disease on cucurbits under field condition. Annals of Agricultural Sciences 62, 99–104.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aoas.2017.05.005

Kong HG, Bae JY, Lee HJ, Joo HJ, Jung EJ, Chung E, Lee SW. 2014. Induction of the viable but nonculturable state of Ralstonia solanacearum by low temperature in the soil microcosm and its resuscitation by catalase. PLoS One 9(10), 109792. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109792

Lepoivre P. 2003.  Phytopathologie.De loece, les presses agronomiques de Gembloux, p 413.

Litschmann T, Hausvater E, Petr Dolezal P. 2020. A new method of potato late blight forecasting in the Czech Republic. Journal of Plant Protection Research 60(2), 134-140.

Lontsi SLD, Ambang Z, Djieto CL, Wouom BCC, Heu A, Pegalepo AN. 2019. Effect of aqueous extracts of Thevetia peruviana K. seeds on the control of late blight and pest insects of Solanum tuberosum L. in Cameroon. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(1), 14-22. http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.1.121418176

Moser M, Haselwandter K. 1983. Ecophysiology of mycorrhizal symbiosis, in: Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, New Series, 12, Eds O. L. Lange. P. S. Nobel, C.B. Osmond and H. Ziegler. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-NewYork,) p 392-421.

Muengula-Manyi M, Mukwa, L, Nkongolo KK, Tshilenge-Djim P, Winter S, Bragard C, Kalonji-Mbuyi A. 2013. Assessing reactions of genetically improved and local cassava varieties to Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD) infection in a savannah region of the DR-Congo. American Journal of Plant Sciences 4(4), 824-837. http://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.44101

Nawal I, Abdellatif OC, Mohamed C, Jihane T, Amina OT, Rachid B, Allal D. 2014. Effet de la fertilisation par différents niveaux de N P K sur le développement des maladies foliaires du riz.  Journal of Animal &Plant Sciences 23(1), 3601-3625.

Ngoh Dooh JP, Boydoul UF, Abdoul, Tchoupou TDB, Bouba D, Hawaou A, Philippe Kosma, Ambang Z. 2020. Inventory of the potato diseases and impact on growth and yield traits in far North Cameroon. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 14(8), 2826-2836.

Ngonkeu MEL. 2003. Biodiversité et potentiel des champignons mycorhiziens à arbuscules de quelques zones agro écologiques du Cameroun. Thèse de Doctorat 3e, cycle Université de Yaound.é I. p 258.

Ngoyi AN, Masanga GK, Bila HM, Yashima AY, Milambo MM, Ndjibu LN, Baboy LL. 2020. Effet des amendements organiques sur la croissance et le rendement de la pomme de terre (Solanum tuberosum) cultivée sur un sol dégradé dans la région de Kabinda, République Démocratique du Congo. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 14(5), 1812-1819. https://doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v14i5.24

Sayed F, El-Sayed&Hassan A, Hassan Mohamed M, El-Mogy. 2015. Impact of Bio-and Organic Fertilizers on PotatoYield, Quality and Tuber Weight LossAfter Harvest. Potato Research 58, 67–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11540-014-9272-2

Spooner DM, Mc Lean K, Ramsay GA. 2005. Single domestication for potato based onmiltilocus amplified fragment length polymorphism genotyping. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 14694-14699.

Reid LM, Zhu X, Ma BL. 2004. Crop rotation and nitrogen effects on maize susceptibility to Helmenthosporium maydis blight. Plant & Soil. 237 (1), 1-14.

Son D, Somda I, Legreve A, Schiffers B. 2018. Effect of plant diversification on pest abundance and tomato yields in two cropping systems in Burkina Faso: farmer practices and integrated pest management.  International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 12(1), 101-119. http://doi.org/10.4314/acsj.v9i1.27638

Thresh J. 1982. Cropping practices and virus spread. Annual Reviews phytopathology 20, 193-218.

Thurston HD. 1992. Sustainable practices for plant diseases management in traditional farming systems New Delhi, Westvew Press& Oxford&IBH Publishing Co.Pvt.Ltd..

Tompkins DK, Wright AT, Fowler DB. 1992. Foliar disease development in no-till winter wheat: influence of agronomic practices on powdery mildew development. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 72, 965-972.

Veresogloua SD, Bartoab EK, Menexesc G, Rilliga MC. 2013. Fertilization affects severity of disease caused by fungal plant pathogens. Plant Pathology 62, 961–969. http://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.12014