Influence of inorganic and organic nutrient sources on soil properties and rain-fed rice tissue nutrient content in Gambella, Ethiopia

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Research Paper 01/11/2012
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Influence of inorganic and organic nutrient sources on soil properties and rain-fed rice tissue nutrient content in Gambella, Ethiopia

Shiferaw Nesgea, Heluf Gebrekidan, J. J. Sharma, Tareke Berhe
Int. J. Biosci.2( 11), 146-165, November 2012.
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A field experiment was conducted in RCBD replicated trice in the main seasons of 2008-2009 at Imla, Gambella Agricultural Research Institute, Ethiopia, to evaluate the effects of four levels each of N/P (0/0, 46/23, 92/46 and 138/69 kg N/P ha-1) and farmyard manure/Leucaena leucocephala green manure (FYM/LGM) (0/0, 5/5, 10/0 and 0/10 t ha-1) on soil pH, OC, Mg and Ca and soil and NERICA-3 rice (Oryza sativa x Oryza glaberrima) tissue N, P, K and S contents. Soil OC, pH, N, K and Ca were decreased while the soil P, Mg and S were increased from the initial status. Application of 5/5 t FYM/LGM ha– 1 led to the highest soil pH which increased by 9.2% than the lowest. The highest soil N, P and S (increased by 20.9, 31.4 and 54.9%, respectively, over the control) were obtained from 138/69 kg N/P ha-1; while soil Mg obtained by the interaction of 46/23 kg N/P and 0/10 t FYM/LGM ha-1. Ca found highest by the interaction of 138/69 kg N/P and 0/10 t FYM/LGM ha-1 over other treatments. Maximum soil N recorded by 5/5 t FYM/LGM ha-1 that increased by 27.3% over the control. Soil P, K and S values were highest with 0/10 t FYM/LGM ha-1 over the other treatments (increased by 24.6, 37.9 and 30.11% over their control, respectively). Highest value of tissue N and K obtained from 92/46 and 138/69 kg N/P ha-1 (increased by 71.2 and 44.3% over the lowest, respectively). The effects of fertilizers on tissue P were insignificant. Increased tissue S was found from 138/69 kg N/P and 5/5 t FYM/LGM ha-1, representing an increase of 18.7 and 43.8% than their control. These results confirmed that organic manures could increase soil fertility and nutrient content of rice tissue, and then can be used to substitute chemical NPK fertilizers for sustainable rice production.


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