Influence of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the yield of blackgram

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2020
Views (298) Download (19)

Influence of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the yield of blackgram

Noor-E-Zannat, A.K.M. Ruhul Amin, Rebaka Sultana, Ruhul Amin, Parvin Akter Bithy, Chaity Dey Puja, Ishrat Alam
Int. J. Biosci.16( 4), 79-89, April 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Flower abortion and pod dropping are the main bottleneck for the expansion of blackgram production in Bangladesh. In view of partial solution on this problem an experiment was conducted to study the influence of different combinations of organic and inorganic fertilizer on yield of blackgram. Treatments consisted of two combined organic and inorganic varieties viz., V1= BARI Mash-2, V2= BARI Mash-3, eight levels of fertilizers viz., F0 = Control, F1 = RDF, F2 = 25% less than RDF + Vermicompost, F3 = 50% less than RDF + Vermicompost, F4 = 25% less than RDF + Poultry litter, F5 = 50% less than RDF + Poultry litter, F6 = 25% less than RDF + Mixed fertilizer, and F7 = 50% less than RDF + Mixed fertilizer. The experiment was conducted following Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replications. Results revealed that the yield of blackgram were significantly influenced by varieties and/or organic and inorganic fertilizers. Between two varieties, BARI Mash-3 gave the highest seed yield (1.83 t ha-1). Among the fertilizer dose, F2 gave the highest seed yield (1.84 t ha-1) which was statistically similar to F1 (1.82 t ha-1) and F3 (1.79 t ha-1). The highest seed yield (1.90 t ha-1) was exhibited from V2F2treatment combination followed by V2F1 (1.87 t ha-1). It can be concluded that the application of organic and inorganic fertilizer had a positive effect on BARI Mash-3 and 25% less than recommended dose of fertilizer + vermicompost or recommended dose of fertilizer can be suggested to cultivate this crop.


Alabadan BA. 2009. Farmstead Infrastructures. First Edition. Jos University Press Limited, p 225.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Bierman P. 2005. Influences of vermicomposts on field strawberries: Part 2. Effects on soil microbiological and chemical properties. Bioresource Technology, p 97, 831-840.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2010. Year book of agricultural statistics 2015. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Ministry of Planning, Bangladesh, Dhaka.

Das A, Tomar JMS, Patel DP, Munda GC. 2007. Effect of organic manures on the productivity of black gram (Phaseolus mungo) with and without fertilizer. Environment and Ecology 25(1), 15-18.

Gawai PP, Pawar VS. 2006. Integrated nutrient management in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) – chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cropping sequence under irrigated conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy 51 (1), 17-20.

Kaul AK. 1982. Pulses in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Farmgate, Dhaka, p 27.

Kingery WL, Wood CW, Delaney DP, Williams JC, Mullins GL. 1994. Impact of long-term land application of broiler litter on environmentally related soil properties. Journal of Enviornmental Quality 23, 139-147.

Mahala CPS, Dadheech RC, Kulhari RK. 2001. Effect of plant growth regulators on growth and yield of blackgram (Vigna mungo) at varying levels of phosphorus.Legume Research 18(1), 163-165.

Maskey SL, Bhattarai S. 1994. Effect of long term application on different sources of organic manure on maize/wheat rotation. In: Proceeding of IInd National conference on science and technology, 8-11 June 1994, RONAST, Kathmandu, p 215-217.

Mitchell CC, Donald JO. 1995. The value and use of poultry manure as fertilizer. Alabama Cooperative Extension Service, Circular No. ANR-244.

Pannu RPS, Chopra S, Kaur N. 2007. Effect of combined application of FYM, pressmud and fertilizers on the yield and growth characteristics of summer mash (Vigna mungo). Agricultural Science Digest 27(3), 216-218.

Patil T. 2002. Influence of organics on seed yield, quality and storability studies on greengran Cv. Chinamung. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural sciences. Dharwad, Karnataka (India).

Rajkhowa DJ, Saikia M, Rajkhowa KM. 2003. Effect of vermicompost and levels of fertilizer on greengram. Legume Research 26(1), 63-65.

Reddy BP, Swamy SN. 2002. Effect of farmyard manure, phosphate solubilising bacteria and phosphorus on yield and economic of blackgram (Phaseolus mungo). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 70(10), 694-696.

Singh RP, Singh, Bisen PK, Singh SN, Singh RK, Singh J. 2008. Integrated use of sulphur and molybdenum on growth, yield and quality of black gram (Vigna mungo L.) Legume Research 31, 214-217.

Tanwar SPS, Sharma GL, Chahar MS. 2003. Effect of phosphorus and biofertilizers on yield, nutrient content and uptake by black gram (Vigna mungo L.) Hepper]. Legume Research 26(1), 39-41.

Tisdale SL, Nelson WS, Beaton. 1985. Soil fertility and fertilizers. McMillan Publishers Company, New York.

Watts DB, Torbert HA, Prior SA, Huluka G. 2010. Long-term tillage and poultry litter impacts soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization and fertility. Soil Science Society of America Journal 74, 1239- 1247.

Vasanthi D, Subramaniam S. 2004. Effect of vermicompost on nutroent uptake and protein content in blackgram. Legume research 27(4), 293-295.

Vikrant Singh H, Malik CVS, Singh BP. 2005. Grain yield and protein content of cowpea as influenced by farm yard manureand phosphorus application. Indian Journal of Pulses Research 18(2), 250-251.