Influence of planting mediums on growth of Ficus carica

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2020
Views (227) Download (10)

Influence of planting mediums on growth of Ficus carica

Nik Nadira Nazua Nik Rusmadi, Rozilawati Shahari, Che Nurul Aini Che Amri, Nur Shuhada Tajudin
Int. J. Biosci.17( 1), 245-250, July 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Ficus carica or locally known as fig is a species belonging to the Moraceae family. It is native to the Middle East and Western Asia but has been reported to have been cultivated in Malaysia. Information on the agronomic requirements of this species is still lacking at present. Thus, this field trial was conducted to study the growth and yield of F. carica as affected by different planting mediums. Ficus carica cv. BTM6 two months old seedling and Ficus carica cv. TGF was grown in the Glass House and Nursery Complex at the International Islamic University Malaysia. Four different combinations of coco peat, peat moss, topsoil and sand were used as a growing medium. The potted plant was arranged in a split-plot design with five replications. Growth and yield parameters such as plant height, number of leaves, number of branches, number of fruits and fruit weight have been recorded. The data was statistically analysed using the SAS version 9.2 package and the means were separated by the Duncan New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT) at ρ = 0.05. Based on this study, the combination of 25% sand: 25% topsoil: 25% peat moss: 25% coco peat (M1) gives both F. carica cv. BTM6 and F. carica cv. TGF better growth and yield. This study also concluded that the use of peat moss as one of the growing medium mixtures increases the growth and yield of F. carica varieties.


Aydin M, Kaptan MA. 2015. Effect of nutritional status on fruit cracking of fig (Ficus carica L. cv. Sarilop) grown in high level boron contained soil. Scientific papers, Series A. Agronomy 2285-5785.

Bealmer–Jones SR. 2014. Growing common fig in the low dessert. University of Arizona 13, 2-4.

Chou SJ, Choumm, Stucki JW, Warrack D, Chemler JA, Pepple MA. 2005. Plant growth in sandy soil or compost mixture and commercial peat moss both amended with illinois coal fly ash. World of Coal Ash (WOCA). http://www. on 14 September 2018.

Duke JA, Bugenschutz-godwin MJ, Du Collier J, Duke PK. 2002. handbook of medicinal herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd Edition.

FAOSTAT. 2017. Classifications and standarts. Retrieved from Desktop px. PageID=535# on November 29, 2018.

Fatma Gungor, Ertan Vildirim. 2013. Effect of different growing media on quality, growth and yield of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Under greenhouse conditions. Pak. J. Bot 45(5), 1605-1608, 2013.

Grubinger V. 2012. Potting mixes for organic growers. University of Vermont Extension. Retrieved from: Retrieved on 28 April 2017.

Hanifah NAS, Rashid MA, Ahmat AJ. 2016. Fruit yield, fruit quality and seed yield of four chilli varieties grown in open field as affected by conventional system in peat soil area and fertigation system. 15th International Peat Congress, At Sarawak, Malaysia.

Holding D, Streich A. 2013. Plant growth processes: Transpiration, photosynthesis, and respiration. Nebraska Extension Circular 1268.

Kamarubahrin AF, Haris A, Shukor SA. 2019. An overview Malaysia as a hub of planting prophetic fruits. Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 3(1), 13-19.

Khatib S, Vaya J. 2010. Fig, carob, pistachio, and health. bioactive foods in promoting health: fruits and vegetables. Elsevier Inc.

Kumar R, Chithiraichelvan R, Ganesh S, Upreti KK, Sulladmath VV. 2015. Effect of different spacing and pruning levels on growth, yield and fruit quality in Fig (Ficus carica L.) cv. Poona. Journal of Applied Horticulture 17(1), 55-57.

King DA, Leigh EG, Condit R, Foster RB, Hubbell SP. 1997. Relationships between branch spacing, growth rate and light in tropical forest saplings. Functional Ecology 11, 627-635.

Lansky EP, Paavilainen HM. 2010. Figs: the genus Ficus. CRC press of Taylor & Francis Group. New York 1-344.

Mars M, Chatti K, Saddoud O, Salhi-Hannach A, Trifi M, Marrakchi M. 2008. Fig cultivation and genetic resources in Tunisia, an overview. Acta Horticultura 798, 27-32

Mathowa T, Bosenakitso M, Mojeremane W, Mpofu C, Legwaila GM. 2014. Effect of growing media on seedling growth of African baobab (Adansonia digitata L.). International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences 1(7), 94-104.

Mawa S, Husain K, Jantan I. 2013. Ficus carica L. (Moraceae): Phytochemistry, traditional uses and biological activities. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia.

Mehmood T, Ahmad W, Ahmad KS, Shafi J, Shehzad MA, Sorwar MA. 2013. Comparative effect of different potting media on vegetative and reproductive growth of Floral Shower (Antirrhinum majus L.). Universal Journal of Plant Science 1(3),104-111.

Nair A, Ngoudjo M, Birnbaum J. 2011. Alfalfa-based organic amendment in peat-compost growing medium for organic tomato transplant production. Horticulture Science 46, 253-259.

Olle M, Ngouajiao M, Siomos A. 2012. Vegetable quality and productivity as influence by growing medium: A Review. Zemdirbyste Agriculture 99(4), 399-408.

Okunlola AI, Akinpetide EO. 2016. Propagation of Ficus benjamina and Bougainvillea spectabilis using different media. Advances in Agriculture and Agricultural Sciences 2(2), 21-27.

Polat AA. 2017. Fig production in Turkey. Scientific Pomological Society of Serbia 51, 39-46.

Paknahad A, Sharafi M. 2015. Benefits of fig as viewed by Islam and modern medicine. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 8(5), 682-685.

Schmilewski G. 2009. Growing medium constituents used in the EU. Acta Horticulturae 819, 33-46.

Shahari R, Abdullah NAP, Saleh G, Selamat A, Go R. 2016. Early growth and plant performance of Molineria colla species grown under different shade levels and media compositions. International Journal of Advanced Research 4(2), 1171-1185.

Shukranul M, Khairana H, Ibrahim J. 2013. Ficus carica L. (Moracae): Phytochemistry, traditional uses and biological activities. Evidence ‑Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 1-8.

Sudarjat, Vijaya Isnaniawardhani, Syariful Mubarok. 2018. Different Growing Media Effect on the Cutting Quality of Two Dragon Fruit Species (Hylocerues sp.). Journal of Agronomy 17, 174-179.

Sezai Ercisli, Ustun Sahin, Ahmet Esitken, Omer Anapali. 2005. Effects of some growing media on the growth of strawberry cvs. Camarosa and fern. Acta Agrobotanica Vol 58(1), pg 185-191.

Tehranifar A, Poostchi M, Arooei H, Nematti H. 2007. Effects of seven substrates on qualitative and quantitative characteristics of three strawberry cultivars under soilless culture. Acta Horticulturae 761, 485‑488.

Zotz G, Reichling P, Valladares F. 2002. A simulation study on the importance of size- related changes in leaf morphology and physiology for carbon gain in a epiphytic bromeliad. Annals of Botany 90(4), 437‑443.