Influence of replacement of fishmeal by black soldier fly Hermetia illucens larvae meal supplemented with ginger Zingiber officinale in the diet, on some zootechnical characteristics of the african catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings in Western Cameroon

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Research Paper 17/03/2024
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Influence of replacement of fishmeal by black soldier fly Hermetia illucens larvae meal supplemented with ginger Zingiber officinale in the diet, on some zootechnical characteristics of the african catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings in Western Cameroon

Kévine Alexia Chiassa Noubissi, Helsa Charnelle Tatang Nguepi, Algrient Nana Towa, Boddis Zebazé Tsiguia, Marina Akohogni A. Mmira Armel, Pamela Cynthia Mepa Tchiegang, Claudine Tekounegning Tiogué, Dorothy Engwali Fon
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.24( 3), 28-39, March 2024.
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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to find an alternative replacement of fish meal for fingerlings on fish diets. The effect of black soldier fly larvae meal supplemented with ginger powder on zootechnical parameters of Clarias gariepinus  juveniles was studied from March to July 2022 in Western Cameroon. A total of 1260 fish were randomly divided into seven (7) groups of 60 fish each of C. gariepinus (30 ± 2 g/fish) with 3 replications and placed in 21 plastics tanks of 0.6 m3 capacity.  Seven isonitrogenous diets were formulated. Three of the treatments represented the group of individuals fed with diets substituted at 70%, 85%, 100% larvae of black soldier flies meal respectively, three other treatments followed the same levels of substitution but with 1% ginger powder added, and the last treatment represented the control experiment with 100%  fish meal. At the end of the trial, three individuals (150 ± 5g/fish) were randomly selected per treatment and used for the bromatological and haematological analysis. The results show that survival rate varied between 96.67±1.67 and 99.44±0.96 %, growth, bromatological and haematological characteristics were comparable between treatments. The allometric coefficient b was greater than 3 (b ˃3), showing a positive allometric growth for all the treatments, except treatment T1 that showed an isometric growth. The condition factor K varied from 0.94 to 1.25%. It appears that a meal of black soldier fly larvae can effectively replace fish meal in the diet of C. gariepinus juveniles with or without ginger.

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