Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Influence of seed pretreatments on growth and yield parameters of dill under salt stress

Research Paper | July 1, 2016

| Download 4

Kazem Ghassemi-Golezani, Neda Nikpour-Rashidabad, Mostafa Valizadeh, Saeideh Alizadeh- Salteh

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.9( 1), 448-454, July 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


An experiment was carried out in 2015 at the University of Tabriz, Iran, to evaluate the effects of different seed pre-treatments (Control, 1 mM GA3 and SA and polymer seed coating) on growth and yield parameters of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) under a non-saline and three saline (4, 8 and 12 dS/m NaCl) conditions. This experiment was arranged as factorial, based on RCB design with three replications. Means of plant height, shoot and root weight, plant biomass, umbrella number per plant, 1000 grain weight, grain yield and harvest index were statistically similar up to 8 dS/m NaCl salinities, but significantly decreased under 12 dS/m salinity. Seed polymer coating accelerated the deleterious effects of salinity and generally led to poor performance of plants under salt stress. However, most of the growth and yield parameters of dill were improved as a result of seed pretreatment by gibberellic acid (GA3) and salicylic acid (SA). The highest grain yield per plant and harvest index were recorded for plants from SA treated seeds, followed by those from GA3 treated seeds.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Influence of seed pretreatments on growth and yield parameters of dill under salt stress

Ahmadian A, Ghanbari A, Siahsar B, Tavassoli A. 2010. Micronutrient and hydro priming of seed to overcome salt stress during germination in cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.). Planta Medica 76, 316-321.

Banyal S, Rai VK. 1983. Reversal of osmotic stress effects by gibberellic acid in Brassica campestris. Recovery of hypocotyl growth, protein and RNA levels in the presence of GA. Physiologia Plantarum 59, 111-114.

Bybordi A. 2010. Effects of salinity on yield and component characters in canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 2, 81-83.

Daei G, Ardekani MR, Rejali F, Teimuri S, Miransari M. 2009. Alleviation of salinity stress on wheat yield, yield components, and nutrient uptake using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under field conditions. Journal of plant physiology 166, 617-625.

Eraslan F, Inal A, Gunes A, Alpaslan M. 2007. Impact of exogenous salicylic acid on the growth, antioxidant activity and physiology of carrot plants subjected to combined salinity and boron toxicity. Scientia horticulturae 113, 120-128.

Fariduddin Q, Hayat S, Ahmad A. 2003. Salicylic acid influences net photosynthetic rate, carboxylation efficiency, nitrate reductase activity, and seed yield in Brassica juncea. Photosynthetica 41, 281-284.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Dastborhan S, Zehtab-Salmasi S. 2013. Seed priming and field performance of borage (Borago officinalis L.) under different irrigation treatments. International Journal of Agronomy & Plant Production 4, 82-87.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Hosseinzadeh-Mahootchi A. 2015. Improving physiological performance of safflower under salt stress by application of salicylic acid and jasmonic acid. Walia Journal 31, 104-109.

Hamayun M, Khan SA, Khan AL, Rehman G, Kim YH, Iqbal I, Lee IJ. 2010. Gibberellin prod-uction and plant growth promotion from pure cultures of Cladosporium sp. MH-6 isolated from cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Mycologia 102, 989-995.

Hassan, BAR. 2012. Medicinal plants (importance and uses). Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta 3, pp. 139.

Iqbal M, Ashraf M. 2013. Gibberellic acid mediated induction of salt tolerance in wheat plants: Growth, ionic partitioning, photosynthesis, yield and hormonal homeostasis. Environmental and Experimental Botany 86, 76-85.

Karimi E, Abdolzadeh A. Sadeghipour H.R. 2009. Increasing salt tolerance in Olive, Olea euro paea L. plants by supplemental potassium nutrition involves changes in ion accumulation and anatomical attributes. International Journal of plant production 3, 49-60.

Krantev A, Yordanova R, Janda T, Szalai G, Popova L. 2008. Treatment with salicylic acid decreases the effect of cadmium on photosynthesis in maize plants. Journal of plant physiology 165, 920-931.

Leslie CA, Romani RJ. 1986. Salicylic acid: a new inhibitor of ethylene biosynthesis. Plant Cell Reports 5, 144-146.

Maggio A, Barbieri G, Raimondi G, De Pascale S. 2010. Contrasting Effects of GA3 Treatments on Tomato Plants Exposed to Increasing Salinity. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 29, 63-72.

Mahmood A, Latif T, Khan MA. 2009. Effect of salinity on growth, yield and yield components in basmati rice germplasm. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 3035-3045.

Marsher H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic Press, London.

McDonald MB. 2000. Seed Priming. In: Seed Technology and its Biological Basis (Eds. Black M, Bewley JD.). Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, UK, pp. 287-325.

Munns R, James RA, Läuchli A. 2006. Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals. Journal of Experimental Botany 57, 1025-1043.

Munns R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, Cell & Environment 25, 239-250.

Sangamnathrao HA. 2009. Influence of seed invigoration and polymer coating on field perfor-mance and storability of maize (Zea mays L.). Thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Science in seed science and technology. Department of seed science and technology college of agriculture, Dharward.

Saqib ZA, Akhtar J, Haq MA, Ahmad I. 2012. Salt induced changes in leaf phenology of wheat plants are regulated by accumulation and distribution pattern of Na ion. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 49, 141-148.

Senaratna T, Touchell D, Bunn E, Dixon K. 2000. Acetyl salicylic acid (Aspirin) and salicylic acid induce multiple stress tolerance in bean and tomato plants. Plant Growth Regulation 30, 157-161.

Shakirova FM, Sakhabutdinova AR, Bezru-kova MV, Fatkhutdinova RA, Fatkhutdinova DR. 2003. Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedlings induced by salicylic acid and salinity. Plant Science 164, 317-322.

Shannon MC, Grieve CM. 1998. Tolerance of vegetable crops to salinity. Scientia Horticulturae   78, 5-38.

Shi Q, Bao Z, Zhu Z, Ying Q, Qian Q. 2006. Effects of different treatments of salicylic acid on heat tolerance, chlorophyll fluorescence, and antioxidant enzyme activity in seedlings of Cucumis sativa L. Plant growth regulation 48, 127-135.

Taylor AG, Harman GE. 1990. Concepts and technologies of selected seed treatments. Annual review of phytopathology 28, 321-339.

Wilson CA, Peterson CA. 1983. Chemical composition of the epidermal, hypodermal, endode-rmal and intervening cortical cell walls of various plant roots. Annals of Botany 51, 759-769.

Zhu JK. 2002. Salt and drought stress signal transduction in plants. Annual review of plant biology 53, 247-273.