Influence of tree rejuvenation, IPNM and VA-Mycorrhizal fungi on shoot emergence, yield and fruit quality of Psidium guajava under farmers field condition

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2012
Views (185) Download (14)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Influence of tree rejuvenation, IPNM and VA-Mycorrhizal fungi on shoot emergence, yield and fruit quality of Psidium guajava under farmers field condition

K. K. Chandra, S. K. Pandey, Ajay K. Singh
Int. J. Biosci.2( 11), 9-17, November 2012.
Certificate: IJB 2012 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study was conducted during 2007 to 2010 in 15 year old guava orchards at Chandauli (U.P.) India. The selected trees were headed back (Rejuvenated) from 1.5 – 2.0m height from ground level applied IPNM, VAM fungi alone and in combination just after rejuvenation and to compare the response from unrejuvenated tree practiced by farmers of guava var. Allahabadi safeda L. There was 56.44% gap in technology adoption and farmers practice resulted in low yield with poor fruit quality. The rejuvenated guava tree applied IPNM and VAM was found to be most effective enhancing emergence of new shoots (3.76 fold) fruit weight (1.89 fold) and TSS (1.11fold). The fruit yield recorded 140.55% higher in trees with IPNM and VAM followed by IPNM and VAM over the yield of control. The nutrients content in different treatment were also found significantly higher compared to control. The VAM fungi significantly increased the uptake of N, P, Mg, Zn, Cu and Fe over control. The root infection was examined 66.5% and 72.55% in trees inoculated with IPNM+VAM and VAM respectively and 13.5% in control without inoculation. BCR of FP was followed decreasing trend while BCR of rejuvenated trees with IPNM and VAM was in increasing trend. The cost of rejuvenation of guava tree observed higher and yield was lower in initial year results lower BCR but just in 3 years of rejuvenation the BCR increased 2.37 fold, 2.12 fold and 2 fold with IPNM+VAM, IPNM and VAM respectively than control plot.

VIEWS 9

Burondkan MM, Rajput JC, Waghmare GM. 2000. Recrrent flowering: A new physiological disorders in ‘Alphanso’ Mango. Acta Horticulture 509, 669- 673.

Compbell RJ, Wasielewaski J. 2000. Mango tree training for the hot tropics. Acta Horticulture 509, 641- 651.

Dutta P, Maji SB, Das BC. 2009. Studies on the response of biofertilizers on growth and productivity of Guava. Indian J. Horticulture 66 (1), 39- 42.

Gerdemann JW, Nicolson TH. 1993. Spore of mycorrhizal endogone species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting technique. Trans.Br Mycol. Soc 46, 235- 244.

Gonogle MC, Miller TP, Evans MH, Fairchild DG, Swan JA. 1990. A new method which give an objective measure of colonization of roots by vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytol. 115, 495- 501.

Guissou T. 2009. Contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to growth and nutrient uptake by jujube and tamarind seedlings in a phosphate deficient soil. African Journal of Microbiological Research 3(5), 297- 304.

Hiwale SS, Apparao VV, Dandhar DG, Bagle, BG. 2010. Effect of nutrient replenishment through organic fertilizers in Sapota. Indian J. Horticultur 67(2), 274- 276.

Jackson ML. 1973. Soil chemical analysis, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, p. 498.

Javaria SK, Qasim M. 2011. Impact of nutrient management on tomato yield and quality and soil environment. J. Plant Nutrition 34, 140- 149.

Kallo, G, Reddy, BMC, Singh, G, Lal, B. 2005. Rejuvenation of old and senile orchard. Pub. CISH, Lucknow, p. 40.

Khalafallah AA, Abo-Ghalia HH. 2008. Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on the metabolic products and activity of antioxidant system in wheat plants subjected to short term water stress followed by recovery of different growth stages. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 4(5), 559- 569.

Law-Ogboma KE, Egharevba RKA. 2009. Effect of planting density and NPK fertilizer application on yield and yield component of tomato in forest location. World Journal of Agri. Sci. 5(2), 152- 158.

Madhavi A, Maheswar PV, Girwani A. 2008. INM in Mango. Orissa Journal of Horticulture 36(1), 64- 68.

Mathur N, Vyas A. 2000. Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on biomass production, nutrient uptake and physiological changes in Ziziphus mauritiana under water stress. J. Arid Environ. 45, 191- 195.

Miller RH, Jastrow JD. 2000. In. Mycorrhizal fungi influence soil structure. In Kapulniky, Douds Jr. DD. (ed.) Arbuscular mycorrhiza: physiology and function. Kluwer Academic Publication, p. 3-18.

Mitra, SK, Gurung, MR, Pathak, PK. 2010. Integrated nutrient management in high density guava orchards. Acta. Horti (ISHS) 849, 349- 356.

Ortas I. 2010. Effect of mycorrhiza application on plant growth and nutrient uptake in cucumber production under field conditions. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 8(SI), 116- 122.

Philips JM, Hayman DS. 1970. Improved procedures for clearing and staining parasitic and vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Trans. British Mycological Soc. 55, 158- 161.

Pilania S, Shukla AK, Mahaver LN, Sharma R, Bairwa HL. 2010. Standardization of pruning intensity and integrated nutrient management in meadow orcharding of Guava. Indian Journal of Agriculture Science 80(5), 673- 678.

Singh G. 2005. High density planting of guava, application of canopy architecture. ICAR, News (April-June) 11 (2), 9- 10.

Singh VK, Singh G. 2003. Strategic approaches of precision technology for improvement of fruit production. In Precision farming in horticulture; Singh, H.P.; Singh, Gorakh; Samuel S.C. and Pathak, R.K. (ed.). NCPAH, DAC, MOA, PFDC, CISH, Lucknow, p. 75- 91.

St-Arnaud M, Elsen A. 2005. Interactions with soil borne pathogens and nonpathogenic rhizosphere microorganism. In Declerck, S, strullu, DG, Fortin JA (ed) Root organ culture of mycorrhizal fungi, New York, Springer Verlag, pp 217- 231.