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Inorganic salts and salicylic acid for the control of Rhizopus stolonifer on plum

Research Paper | April 1, 2019

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Mustansar Abbas, Muhammad Usman Ghazanfar, Waqas Raza, Zafar Iqbal, Salman Ahmad

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Int. J. Biosci.14( 4), 103-111, April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.4.103-111


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Plum (Prunus domestica L.) is an important stone fruit grown in different parts of world and has high nutritive as well as medicinal values. Many diseases attack on plum, among these Rhizopus rot, caused by Rhizopus stolonifer (Ehrenb.:Fr.) Vuill is a main postharvest disease of economic worth worldwide which managed by the use of several conventional chemicals but due to development of resistance and factor of exposure risks, fungicide residues and human health hazards have given a push for obtaining alternatives strategies. Therefore, in the present study two different alternative management strategies such as use of inorganic salts and salicylic acid were evaluated to check their fungitoxic effect to control fungus development using poison food technique. Results showed that both inorganic salts and salicylic acid found to be most effective to inhibit the fungal mycelial growth at all tested concentrations. Among inorganic salts, potassium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate were found most effective to control mycelial growth as compared to potassium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate which proved less effective in both conditions respectively. Application of SA at 0.025%, 0.05%, 0.075% and 0.1% inhabit fungal development of 30.28%, 63.64%,100% and up to 100% respectively. Inhibition percentage was gradually increased with the increasing of incorporated concentrations. Therefore, the present study showed that inorganic salts and salicylic acid can be best alternatives to chemicals beings less health hazardous to human being and environment.


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Inorganic salts and salicylic acid for the control of Rhizopus stolonifer on plum

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