Integrated use of MSWC and phosphorus for improving productivity of rice-wheat rotation in salt affected soils

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/03/2017
Views (207) Download (8)

Integrated use of MSWC and phosphorus for improving productivity of rice-wheat rotation in salt affected soils

M. Sarfraz, M. A. Qureshi, S. M. Mehdi, M. A. Zaka, Asifa Naz, Mahrana Ehsan, M. Q. Nawaz, M. Rizwan
Int. J. Biosci.10( 3), 54-62, March 2017.
Certificate: IJB 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Salt affected soils are widely spread around the globe and recognized as threat for food security due to low crop productivity. Salts can be ameliorated chemically or biologically. Organic/biological amendments improve the granulation, water holding capacity, infiltration rate and hydraulic conductivity besides leaching salts. Field experiments were carried out to investigate the usefulness of integrated nutrient management approach in moderately salt affected soils. Inorganic and organic sources of plant nutrients were used in rice-wheat cropping system. Comprehensive survey was carried out to select the site for rice-wheat rotation in permanent layout. Results revealed that combined application of municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) with mineral fertilizer i.e. site specific use of mineral fertilizer with MSWC in 80:20 ratio and integrated use of chemical fertilizers with MSWC in 80:20 ratio enhanced paddy / grain yield and improved the fertility status of the soil. Site specific and integrated use of chemical fertilizer with MSWC in 80:20 ratio produced the highest biomass/paddy and biomass/grain yield i.e. 11.73/2.79and 5.48/2.65 Mg ha-1at Jhugian Pir, District Hafizabad, respectively. Pre and post-harvest soil analysis was carried after transplanting / sowing of each crop. Integrated and site specific use of MSWC slightly reduced the pHs,ECe and SAR compared to the initial status of soil while organic matter, available P, extractable K and Zn was enhanced from the initial values. A slight increase in heavy metals such as Co, Cu and Pb was observed with the application of MSWC.


Akram M, Qazi MA, Ahmad N. 2007.Integrated Nutrient Management for Wheat by Municipal Solid Waste Manure in Rice-Wheat and Cotton-Wheat Cropping Systems. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 16, 495–503.

Alvarenga P, Palma P, Gonçalves AP, Fernandes RM, Cunha-Queda AC, Duarte E, Vallini G. 2007.Evaluation of chemical and ecotoxicological characteristics of biodegradable organic residues for application to agricultural land. Environment International 33,505–513.

Blake GR, Hartge KH. 1986. Bulk and particle density. 363-382 P. In: Klute, A. (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Agron.9, SSSA, Madison, WI, USA.

Blum WEH, Busing J, Montanarella L. 2004. Research needs in support of the European thematic strategy for soil protection. TrAC-Trends in Analytical Chemistry 23, 680–685.

Bouyoucos GJ. 1962. Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analyses of soils. Agronomy Journal 54, 464–465.

Chitravadivu C, Balakrishnan V, Manikandan J, Elavazhagan T, Jayakumar S. 2009. Application of food waste compost on soil microbial population in groundnut cultivated soil, Middle East Journal of Scientific Research 4, 90-93.

Duncan DB. 1955. Multiple Range and Multiple F-Test. Biometrics 11, 1-42.

Franzluebbers AJ. 2002a. Water infiltration and soil structure related to organic matter and its stratification with depth. Soil and Tillage Research 66, 197–205.

Franzluebbers AJ. 2002b. Soil organic matter stratification ratio as an indicator of soil quality.Soil and Tillage Research 66(2), 95–106.

Ghafoor A, Rauf A, Muzaffar W. 1995. Irrigation with Madhuanadrain water: Impact on soils and vegetables (Spinach and cauliflower) at Faisalabad. Journal of Drainage and Reclamation 7, 7-12.

Gigliotti G, Onofri A, Pannacci E, Businelli D, Trevisan M. 2005. Influence of dissolved organic matter from waste material on the pohytotoxicity and environmental fate of triflusulfuron methyl. Environment Science and  Technology 39, 7446-7451.

Han FX, Kingery WL, Selim HM. 2000. Accumulation redistribution, transport and bioavailability of heavy metals in waste-amended soils. In: IK Iskandar and MB Kirkham, Editors, Trace Elements in Soil-Bioavailability, Flux, and Transfer, Lewis Publishers, 145-174.

Hargreaves JC, Adl MS, Warman PR. 2008.A review of the use of composted municipal solid waste in agriculture. Agriculture Ecosystem and Environment 123, 1-14.

Hasegawa PM, Bressan RA, Zhu JK, Bohnert HJ. 2000. Plant cellular and molecular response to high salinity. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 51, 463-499.

Hinsinger P. 2001. Bioavailability of soil inorganic P in the rhizosphere as affected by root-induced chemical changes: A review. Plant and Soil 237: 173-195.

Jilani S. 2007. Municipal solid waste composting and its assessment for reuse in plant production. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 271-277.

Juang KW, Liou DC, and Lee DY. 2002.Site-Specific Phosphorus Application Based on the Kriging Fertilizer-Phosphorus Availability Index of Soils. Journal of Environment Quality 31, 1248-1255.

Kasthuri H, Shanthi K, Sivakumar S, Rajakumar S, Son HK, Song YC. 2011.Influence of municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) on the growth and yield of green gram (Vigna radiateL.), fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.) and on soil quality.Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering 8, 285-294.

Lal R. 2005. World crop residues production and implication of its use as a biofuel. Environment International 31, 675–584.

Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal 42, 421- 428.

Madrid F, Lopez R, Cabrera F. 2007.Metal accumulation in soil after application of municipal solid waste compost under intensive farming conditions. Agriculture Ecosystem and Environment 119, 249–256.

McLean EO, Oloya TO, Mostaghimi S. 1982. Improved corrective fertilizer recommendations based on a two-step alternative usage of soil tests: I. Recovery of soil-equilibrated phosphorus. Soil Science Society of America Journal 46, 1193–1197.

Montemurro F, Maiorana M, Convertini G, Fomaro F. 2005a.Improvement of soil properties and nitrogen utilization of sunflower by amending municipal solid waste compost. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 25, 369-375.

Murtaza G, Ghafoor A, Qadir M, Owens G, Aziz MA, Zia MH, Saifullah. 2010. Disposal and use of sewage on agricultural lands in Pakistan: A Review. Pedosphere20, 23-34.

Parnaudeau V, Nicolardot B, Pages J. 2004. Relevance of organic matter fractions as predictors of waste sludge mineralization in soil. Journal of Environment Quality 33, 1885–1894.

Qazi MA, Akram M, Ahmad N, Artiola JF, Tuller M. 2009. Economical and environmental implications of solid waste compost applications to agricultural fields in Punjab, Pakistan. Waste Management 29, 2437-2445.

Ribeiro HM, Vasconcelos E, dos Santos JQ. 2000. Fertilisation of potted geranium with municipal solid waste compost. Bioresource Technology 73, 247–249.

Rodd A, Warman PR, Hicklenton P, Webb K. 2002.Comparison of N fertilizer, Source-separated municipal solid waste compost and semi-solid beef manure on the nutrient concentration in boot-stage barley and wheat tissue. Canadian  Journal of Soil Science 82, 33-43.

Ros M, Klammer S, Knapp B, Aichberger K, Insam H. 2006.Long-term effects of compost amendment of soil on functional and structural diversity and microbial activity. Soil Use and Management 22, 209–218.

Singer JW, Kohler KA, Liebman M, Richard TL, Cambardella CA, Buhler DD. 2004. Tillage and compost affect yield of corn, soybean, and wheat and soil fertility. Agronomy Journal 96, 531–537.

Skoulou V, Zabaniotou A. 2007. Investigation of agricultural and animal wastes in Greece and their allocation to potential application for energy production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 11, 1698-1719.

Spargo JT, Evanylo GK, Alley MM. 2006. Repeated compost Application effects on phosphorus runoff in the Virginia piedmont. Journal of Environment Quality 35, 2342–2351.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw Hill Co. Inc. New York.

Sterrett SB. 2001. Compost as horticultural substrates for vegetable transplant production, In: Compost Utilization in Horticultural Cropping Systems, PJ Toffella and BA Kahn, (Eds.), pp. 227-240, Lewis, Boca Raton, Fla, USA.

Tandon HLS. 2005. Methods of analysis of soils, plants, waters, fertilizers and organic manures. Fertilizer development and consultation organization 204-204A Bhanot, 1-2 Pamposh Enclav New Delhi-110048, India. 203 P.

Tejada M, Dobao MM, Benitez C, Gonzalez JL. 2001. Study of composting of cotton residues. Bioresource Technology 79, 199–202.

Tejada M, Gonzalez JL, Garcia-Martinez AM, Parrado J. 2008.Effects of different green manures on soil biological properties and maize yield. Bioresource Technology 99, 1758-1767.

Tzortzakis N, Gouma S, Paterakis C,  Manios 2012.Deployment of Municipal Solid Wastes as a Substitute Growing Medium Component in Marigold and Basil Seedlings Production. The Scientific World Journal Vol., 2012, Article ID 285874, 6 pages.

U.S. EPA. 1995. Process design Manual: Land application of sewage sludge and domestic septage Office of Research and development. EPA/625/R-95/001. Washington, DC.

U.S. Salinity Lab. Staff. 1954. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils. USDA Handbook No. 60, Washington, DC, USA.

Van-Camp L, Bujarrabal B, Gentile AR, Jones RJA, Montanarella L, Olazabal C, Selvaradjou SK. 2004. Reports of the Technical Working Groups Established under the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, EUR 21319 EN/3, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg. 872 P.

Watanabe FS, Olsen SR. 1965. Test of an Ascorbic acid method for determining phosphorus in water and NaHCO3 Extracts from soil. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 29, 677- 678.

Weber J, Karczewska A, Drozd J,Licznar M, Licznar S, Jamroz E, Kocowicz A. 2007. Agricultural and ecological aspects of a sandy soil as affected by the application of municipal solid waste composts. Soil Biol. Biochem. 39, 1294-1302.

Zhang M, Heaney D, Henriquez B, Solberg E, Bittner E. 2006. A Four-Year Study on Influence of Biosolids/MSW compost Application in less productive soils in Alberta: Nutrient Dynamics. Compost Science and Utilization 14, 68-80.