Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Interaction between the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita and the damping-off agent, Pythium aphanidermatum on African eggplant under shelter

Research Paper | May 1, 2021

| Download 30

Boubacar Kola Touré, Ibrahima Yattara, Yacouba Maïga, Abdourhamane Issoufou Kollo, Haougui Adamou, Mohamed Maïga

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.18( 5), 115-123, May 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.5.115-123


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


A sheltered interaction study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the simultaneous presence of the Meloidogyne incognita gall nematode and Pythium aphanidermatum on the African eggplant variety UVPP. The work was undertaken on a completely random device. The work consisted in comparing the effect of combined treatment (Pythium + Meloidogyne), treatments with Pythium alone and Meloidogyne alone to an absolute control treatment without nematode or fungus. The damage caused by the pathogens taken individually is lower than those generated by the parasite complex. Simultaneous inoculation of Meloidogyne and P aphanidermatum revealed an antagonistic effect on plant mortality caused by the fungus and the severity of root galls caused by nematodes. 67% of plant mortality was noted in Pythium alone treatment compared to 33% for Pythium + Meloidogyne treatment.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Interaction between the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita and the damping-off agent, Pythium aphanidermatum on African eggplant under shelter

Back MA, Haydock PPJ, Jenkinson P. 2002. Disease complexes involving plant parasitic nematodes and soilborne pathogens Plant Pathology 51, 683-697. Review Article Crop and Environment Research Centre, Harper Adams University College, Newport, Shropshire, TF10 8NB, UK 683-697.

Barker KR, Carter CC, Sasser JN. 1985. In: An advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne. 2, Methodology. Raleigh, North Carolina State University Graphics. 223.

Binagwa PH, Conrad KB, Susan NM, Inocent IR. 2016. Morphological and molecular identification of Pythium spp. isolated from common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) infected with root rot disease Journal of Plant Science 10(1), p 1-9, January 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJPS2015.1359.   http://www.academicjournals.Org/African

Bouriquet G, Delassus M. 1963. Présence au Mali sur le tabac de Pythium aphanidermatum. L’Agronomie Tropicale. Série 3, Agronomie Générale.  Etudes Scientifiques 18(3), 323-327.

Carolane A. 2019. Interaction entre le nématode à kyste (Heterodera glycines) et Phytophthora sojae chez le soya. Mémoire de Maîtrise en biologie végétale. Université Laval Québec, Canada. 55 p. Collection: Origin, Composition, Seed Dissemination and Utilization in Breeding. Front. Plant Sciences 8, 1484. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01484.

Coyne DL, Nicol JM, Claudius-Cole B. 2007. Pratical plant nematology: a Field and laboratory guide. SP-IPM. Secretariat, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Cotonou, Benin. 82 p.

FAO. 2014. Production Databases. Available online at: http://www. faostat.fao.org (Accessed January 30, 2017).

FAO. 2019. FAOSTAT Production Databases available online at: http://www. Faostat.fao.org. consulté le 20 juillet 2019.

Fayzia MM, Amira SS, Khalil AEM, Shawky SM, Taher AA. 2018. Seasonal fluctuation and biological control of root knot nematodes Meloidogyne incognita on cucumber. Pakistan Journal of Nematology. ISSN 2313-1942, 36(1), 71-81.

Fondio I, N’Tamon IN, Hala FN, Djidji HA. 2008. Evaluation agronomique de six cultivars d’aubergine africaine (solanum spp.) de la nouvelle collection des plantes légumières du CNRA agronomie africaine 20(1), 69–79.

Kilalo D. 2019. Transmission et propagation des maladies et des arthropodes nuisibles Département de Phytologie et Protection des Cultures 134 p.

Kumar N, Jayant B, Ratan LS. 2017. Interaction between Meloidogyne incognita with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycpersici on Tomato. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(8), 1770-1776. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.

Ministère de l’Agriculture du Mali. 2018. Statistiques de la Direction Nationale de l’Agriculture sur la production des cultures maraîchères. Aout 09, 2018.

Olson JD, Damicone JP, Kahn BA. 2016. Identification and charactérisation of isolates of Pythium and Phytophthora spp. From snap beans with cottony leak. Plant Diseases 100, 1446-1453. http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-06-15-0662-RE.

Ruben DM, Frank ZR, Chet I. 1980. Factors affecting Behavior and Developmental Synchrony of Germinating oospores of Pythium aphanidermatum. Agricultural Research Organisation, Bet Dagan, Israel. Pathology 70, 54-59.

Rusuku G, Buruchara RA, Gatabazi M, Pastor-Corrales MA. 1997. Occurrence and distribution in Rwanda of soilborne fungi pathogenic to the common bean. Plant Diseases 81, 445- 449.

Shemshura ON, Nadiya EB, Mariya NM, Susan LFM, Clifford PR, Edward PM. 2016. Isolation and identification of nematode-antagonistic compounds from the fungus Aspergillus candidus. FEMS Microbiology Letters 363(5), p 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fnw026

Taher D, Solberg S, Prohens J, Chou Y, Rakha M, Wu T. 2017. World Vegetable Center Eggplant Collection: Origin, Composition, Seed Dissemination and Utilization in Breeding. Frontiers in Plant Science REVIEW published. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.01484. 12

Touré BK. 2017. Les nématodes des cultures maraîchères: Dynamique saisonnière des peuplements et détermination des espèces de Meloidogyne dans la zone péri-urbaine de Bamako. Thèse de Doctorat. Université des Sciences des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako. Faculté des Sciences et des Techniques, p 170.

Van der Plaats-Niterink J. 1981. Monograph of the genus Pythium. Studies in Mycology 21. Baarn, The Netherlands: Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, 25-39.