Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | July 1, 2016

| Download 2

Intercropping of maize and climbing bean: fodder yield, quality and nutrient composition of silages

Maw Ni Soe Htet, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Hai Jiang bo

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.9(1), 25-31, July 2016


IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]


A study was conducted to examine fodder yield and silage quality of maize (Zea mays L.) and climbing bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) intercropping with different planting structure. Maize was cultivated alone and intercropped with climbing bean as follows;1 row maize to 1 row climbing bean (1M1K), 1 row maize to 2 rows climbing bean (1M2K) and 2 rows maize to 1 row climbing bean (2M1K). The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with four treatments and three replications. The crops were harvested when the maize reached at milk stage and climbing bean at R7 stage. The results indicated significant increase in fresh biomass and dry matter production of maize fodder alone as compared to maize intercropped with climbing bean fodder. However, no difference (p>0.05) was observed in ether extract (EE), and ash (%) of nutrient composition of fodder among the four treatments After 45 days of ensiling period, silage samples were analysed for pH, organic acids (lactic, acetic, and butyric), ammonia-N(NH3-N), dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF), water soluble carbohydrate (WSC), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na) and potassium (K). All intercropped silages had higher CP values (1M1K, 12.0%; 1M2K, 12.3%; 2M1K, 11.1%) than the monocrop maize (SM, 8.9%) silage. Higher organic acids and ammonia-N (p<0.05) were produced in the 1M2K silages as compared to others silages. The study showed that among all intercropped silages the 1M2K (1 row maize to 2 rows climbing bean) was preferable according to nutrient composition than other intercropped silages.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Intercropping of maize and climbing bean: fodder yield, quality and nutrient composition of silages

Andersson NR, Hedlund B. 1983. HPLC analysis of organic acids in lactic-acid fermented vegetables. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch 176, 440-443.

Anil L, Park J, Phipps RH. 2000. The potential of forage-corn intercrops in ruminant nutrition. Animal Feed Science and Technology 86, 157-164.

Anil L, Phipps RH. 1998. Temperature intercropping of cereals for forage: a review of the potential for growth and utilization with particular reference to the UK. Grass and Forage Science 53, 301-164.

AOAC. 2000. Official method of analysis. Animal feeds. 17th Edition Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.

Armstrong KL, Albrecht KA, Lauer JG, Riday H. 2008. Intercropping corn with lablab bean, velvet bean, and scarlet runner bean for forage. Crop Science 48, 371-379.

Avcioglu R, Boberfeld WO, Soya H, Geren H, Beckmann E. 2003. Investigations on some yield and quality characteristics of second crops of Vicia sativa and Trifolium resupinatum and their mixtures with Lolium multiflorum, 7th Symposium Ergebnisse Deutsch-Tϋrkischer Agrarfors-chung 24-30 March 2003, Ankara, pp. 109-112.

Chui JAN, Shibles R. 1984. Influence of spatial arrangements of corn on performance of an associated soybean intercrops. Field Crop Research 8, 187-198.

Costa PM, Villela SDJ, Leonel FDP, Araújo KG, Ruas JRM, Coelho FS, Andrade VR. 2012. Intercropping of corn, brachiaria grass and leguminous plants: productivity, quality and composition of silages. Revista Brasileira De Zootecnia-Brazilian 41, 2144-2149.

Dawo MI, Wilkinson JM, Sanders FET, Pilbeam DJ. 2007. The yield and quality of fresh and ensiled plant material from intercropping maize (Zea mays L.) and beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 87, 1391-1399.

Esmail SHM. 1991. Benefits of intercrops as feed sources for livestock. Rangelands 13, 193-195.

Geren H, Avcioglu R, Soya H, Kir B. 2008. Intercropping of corn with cowpea and bean biomass yield and silage quality. African Journals of Biotechnology  22, 4100-4104.

Grobelnik M, Zdravko K, Martin B. 2005. Silage quality of maize –climbing bean intercropping, Faculty of Agriculture and life sciences, Pivola 10, 2311 Hoce, Slovenia, Proceedings. 46th, Croatian and 6th International Symposium on Agriculture. Opatijia. Croatia 741-744.

Herbert SJ, Putnam DH, Poos-Floyd MI, Vargas A, Creighton JF. 1984. Forage yield of intercropped corn and soybean in various planting patterns. Agronomy Journal 76(4), 507-510.

INTERCROP. 2006. Intercropping of cereals and grain legumes for increased production, weed control, improved product quality and prevention of N-losses in European organic farming systems (EU project, final report).Available: http;//www.intercrop.dk/ Results.htm.

Maasdorp BV, Titterton M. 1997. Nutritional improvement of corn silage for dairying: mixed-crop silages from sole and intercropped legumes and a long-season variety of corn Biomass yield and nutritive value. Animal Feed Science Technology  69, 241-261.

Martin RC, Voldeng HC, Smith DL. 1990. Intercropping corn and soybean in a cool temperate region: yield, protein and economic benefits. Field Crops Research 23, 295-310.

Matsoukis AD, Gasparatos, Chronopoulou-Sereli. 2014. Environmental conditions and drenched-applied paclobutrazol effects on lantana specific leaf area and N, P, K and Mg content. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 74, 117-122.

McDonald P, Edward RA, Greenhalgh JFD. 1987. Animal nutrition. Longman, Hong Kong.

Mugweni BZ, Titterton M, Maasdorp BV, Gandiya AF. 2000. Effect of mixed cereal legume silages on milk production from lactating Holstein dairy cows (R7010). Pp 82-89 in Proceedings of Third Workshop on Livestock Production Programme Projects, Matobo, Zimbabwe.

Rao MR, Morgado LB. 1984. A review of maize-beans and maize-cowpea intercrop systems in the semi arid northeast Brazil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileria 19, 179-192.

Thomas TA. 1977. An automated procedure for the determination of soluble carbohydrate in herbage. Journal of Science of Food and Agriculture 28, 639-642 .

Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB, Lewis BA. 1991. Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 74, 3583-3597.

Vandermeer J. 1989. The ecology of intercropping. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press 237 pp.

Wilkinson JMPF, Chapman RJ, Wilkins and Wilson RF. 1983. Interrelationships between pattern of fermentation during ensilage and initial crop composition. Proceedings, XIV Int. Grassland Congrass. 63/64. Westview Press. Boulder.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background