Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Investigation of activated biochar and soil ameliorative effects on Menthea piperita L. yield

Research Paper | February 1, 2016

| Download 16

Maede Fazli, Mohammad-Reza Ardakani, Hossein Ghafourian

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.8( 2), 306-311, February 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Menthea piperita from Lamiaceae family is one of medicinal plants which is widely used in pharmaceutical, food and hygienic industries. Organic and bio-fertilizers consumption in medicinal plants production and sustainable agriculture is important for achieving high quality of yield, environment protect and society health. Therefore, a experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of organic fertilizers on Menthea piperita in the research greenhouse of Islamic Azad University of Karaj, Iran. It was done in randomized complete block design with four replications in the autumn and winter of 2014. Treatments were imposed based on pots volume with vermicompost (5, 15 and 30%), peat moss (70, 85 and 100%), biochar (use or non-use) and mycorrhiza (use or non-use) combination. The analysis of variance indicated that treatments were different for stem fresh weight, leaf fresh weight, weight of total dry matter and shed leaves weight (α≤ 0.05), and for root dry weight (α≤ 0.01). Different fertilizer treatments had no significant effect on stem, leaf and soot dry weight. The highest leaf fresh yield belonged to 15% of vermicompost, 85% of peat moss, non-use of mycorrhiza and biochar treatment with 39.15 gram per pot. It seems that vermicompost with chemical fertilizers could be increased photosynthesis, dry matter amount, yield and growth of the plant due to supplying its nutrients in absorbable form.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Investigation of activated biochar and soil ameliorative effects on Menthea piperita L. yield

Aliabadi Farahani H, Arbab A, Abbaszadeh B. 2008. Impact of triple super phosphate, water stress and biological fertilizer (Glomus hoi) on some quantitative and qualitative traits of Coriandrum sativum. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research of Iran 24(1), 18-30.

Anwar MD, Patra D, Chand S, Alpesh K, Naqvi A, Khanujas S. 2005. Effect of organic manure and inorganic fertilizer on growth, herb, oil yield, nutrient accumulation and oil quality of French basil. Communications in soil Science and Plant Analysis 36, 1737- 1746. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/CSS.200062434

Behrozfar MR, Habibi D, Asgharzandeh A, sadeghi–shoae M, Tookalloo R. 2013. Vermicompost, plant growth promoting bacteria and homic acid can affect the growth and essence of basil. Annals of Biological Research 4(2), 8 – 12.

Dalvandi Y, Sadeghi A, Asadi GHR, Karimi A. 2011. The effect of streptomyces and different amount of vermicompost on yield and volatile oil of Mentha piperita in field condition. Seventh congress of Horticulture Science, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.

Darzi MT, Haj Seyed-Hadi MR, Rejali F. 2012. Cow and biological manure effect on biomass yield, seed yield and volatile oil of Coriandrum sativum L. Iranian Journal of Medicinal Plants 11(9), 77-90.

Gardiner P. 2000. Peppermint, Thelongwood herbal task force and the center for holistic pediatric education and research, 1-22.

Gupta MLA, Ram M, Kumar S. 2002. Effect of the vesicular-arbuscularmycorrhizal (VAM) fungus Glomusfasiculatumon the essential oil yield related characters and nutrient acquisition in the crops of different cultivars of mentol mint (Menthaarvensis) under field conditions. Bioresource Technology 81, 77-79.

Joshee N, Mentreddy SR, Yadav K. 2007. Mycorrhizal fungi and growth and development of micropropagated Scutellaria integrifolia plants. Industrial Crops and Products 25, 169–177. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2006.08.00.9

Kapoor R, Giri B, Mukerji KG. 2004. Improved growth and essential oil yield and quality in (Foeniculumvulgaremill) on mycorrhizal inoculation supplemented with P-fertilizer. Bioresource Technology 93, 307-311.

Khorshidi M, Bahador F, Behnamnia M. 2013. The effects of arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Glomusintraradices) and vermicomport Application on yield and nutrient uptake in garden the Me under field condition. International Journal of Agriculture and crop sciences 5(11), 1191 – 1194.

Leithy S, El-Meseiry TA, Abdallah EF. 2006. Effect of biofertilizer, cell stabilizer irrigation regime on Rosmary herbage oil quality. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 2, 773-779.

Mohammadi SH, Mirshekari B, Rashidi R, Alimohammadi R. 2012. Different levels of vermicompost and nitrogen effect on growth and volatile oil of Cuminum cyminum. Ms.c. thesis, Islamic Azad University of Miyaneh, Iran. 105 p.

Niyakan  M,  Khavarinegad  RA,  Rezaei  MH. 2003. Chemical fertilizer effect on quality and quantity yield of Mentha piperita volatile oil in vegetative (leaves) and reproductive stage (flowering branches). Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research of Iran 19(3), 1-14.

Rabie H, Davari MR, Moghiminegad S, Armaghan F. 2013. Biochar, soil modification in sustainable agriculture. National Congress on Science and Technology of Agriculture 34-43.

Sokhansanj M. 2001. Products supply free of chemical residues. Specialized Journal of Olive Agriculture 11, 6-9.

Vinutha T. 2005, Biochemical Studies on Ocimum sp. Inoculated with microbial inoculants. M.Sc, (Agri.) thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, India.