Investigation of different soil fertilizing systems on forage yield and quality of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) moench)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2013
Views (401) Download (6)

Investigation of different soil fertilizing systems on forage yield and quality of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) moench)

Amin Sedaghat, Sasan Siahkouhian, Gholam Abbas Akbari, Ebrahim Sharifi Ashour Abadi
Int. J. Biosci.3( 10), 170-179, October 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


In order to study the effect of soil fertilization systems on yield and quality of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) an experiment was conducted using a randomized completed block design (RCBD) with three replications in 2008 at the college of Aboureihan research farm of University of Tehran. The treatments were various levels of chemical fertilizers (N.P.K), different level of animal manure, mixture of different ratios of fertilizer and manure as integrated systems and a control without fertilizer and manure. Fertilizations treatments significantly affected forage yield and quality of sorghum. For chemical fertilizers, total DM yield was increased to 7.61 and 7.39 t ha-1 by the treatments (kg ha-1) N120/P96/K120 and N40/P32/K40, respectively. For organic systems, the highest yields of 10.1 and 9.23 t ha-1 were obtain by treatments of 20 and 10 tones of manure/ha respectively. In the integrated system, the highest DM values of 11.5 and 10.1 t ha-1 were obtained in treatments N120/P96/K120/ manure10000 and N140/P112/K140/ manure 5000, respectively. Chemical and integrated systems increased crude protein (CP) in sorghum. For dry matter digestibility (DMD) there were no significant difference among fertilizing systems, although all of them produced higher DMD compared to control. For water soluble carbohydrate (WSC) the positive effect of organic fertilizer was higher than in the other two systems. According to the results soil fertilizing systems had significant effect on forage yield and quality and among different soil fertilizing systems, integrated system was the most appropriate but further studies would be needed.


Acharya CL, Bishoni SK, Yadavanshi HS. 1998. Effect of long term application of fertilizers and organic manures and inorganic amendments under continuous cropping on soil physical and chemical properties in an Alison. Indian Journal of Agriculture Science 58, 509-516.

Acikgoz  E.  2001. Forage Crops (in Turkish), University  of  Uludag,  Publication  No:  182,  Bursa, Turkey.

Adediran JA, Taiwo LB, Akande MO, Sábulo RA, Iowa OJ. 2004.  Application  of  organic  and inorganic fertilizer for fertilizer for sustainable maize and cowpea yields in Nigeria. Journal of plant nutrition 27, 1163-1181.

Amiri Larijani, B, Hoseini SJ. 2012. Comparison of integrated chemical and organic fertilizer management on rice growth and yield under system of rice intensification (SRI). International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 3, 726-731.

Brussaard L, Ferrera-Cerrato R. 1997. Soil ecology in sustainable agricultural systems. New York: Lewis Publjshers U.S.A., 168 P.

Buxton DR, Anderson IC, Hallam A. 1999. Performance of sweet and forage sorghum grown continuously double cropped with winter rye, or in rotation with soybean and maize. Agronomy journal 91, 93-101.

Efthimiadou A, Bilalis D, Karkanis A, Froud-Williams B, Eleftherochorinos I. 2009. Effects of Cultural System (Organic and Conventional) on Growth, Photosynthesis and Yield Components of Sweet Corn (Zea mays L,) under Semi-Arid Environment. Not Bot Hort Agrobot Cluj 37, 104-111.

Eghbal B, Winhold B, Gilley J. 2001. Intensive manure management for improved nutrient utilization and environment quality. Soil and Water Conservation Research 1, 128-135.

Fateh E, Chaichi MR, Sharifi Ashorabadi E, Mazaheri D, Jafari AA, Rengel Z. 2009. Effects of organic and chemical fertilizers on forage yield and quality of globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.). Asian Journal of Crop Science, 1, 40-48.

Gerbil B, Power JF. 1999. Composted and non-composted manure application to conventional and no-tillage system: corn yield and nitrogen uptake. Agronomy journal 91, 819-825.

Ghosh PK, Ramesh P, Bandyopadhyay KK, Hati KM, Misra AK. 2004. Comparative effectiveness of cattle manure, poultry manure, phosphocompost and fertilizer-NPK on three cropping systems in verticals of semi-arid tropics. Crop yield and system performance. Bio resource Technology 95, 77-83.

Gul I, Tan M, Dumlu Gul Z. 2009. The effects of chemical fertilizer, farmyard manure and some soil amendments on seed yield of common vetch. I. GAP Organic Agriculture Congress, 17-20 November 2009 Sanlıurfa, Turkey.

Humphreys MO. 1989.  Assessment  of  perennial rygrass (Lolium perenne L.) for breeding. II. Component of winter hardiness. Euphytica, 41, 99-106.

Kramer AW, Timothy AD, Horwath WR, Kassel CV. 2002. Combining fertilizer and organic input to synchronize N supply in alternative cropping systems in California. Agriculture Ecosystem & Environment 91, 233-243.

Jafari A, Nasser H. 2007. Genetic variation and correlation among yield and quality traits in cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.). Journal of the Agriculture Science Cambridge 6, 599-610.

Lanyasunya TP, Wang H, Mukisira EA, Lukibisi FB, Kuria DM, Kibitok NK. 2007. Effect of manure and fertilizer application on yield of sorghum almum harvested at different maturity stages. J Anim Vet Adv. 6, 879-882.

Loecke TD, Liebman M, Cambardella CA, Richard TL. 2004. Corn response to composting and time of application of solid swine manure. Agronomy Journal 96, 241-223.

Naveen NE, Panneerselvam SR, Anand SR, Sathymorthi K, Meena S. 2009. Effect of organic manures on the yield and quality of green chillies (Capsicum annuum L.). Research on Crops. 10, 621-625.

Noor Mohammadi Gh, Siadat A, Kashani A. 2001. Cereal Agronomy Volume 1. Published by Shahid Chamran University-Ahwaz, 446 P.

Poudel DD, Horwath JP, Mitchell T, Temple S. 2001. Impact of cropping systems on soil nitrogen storage and loss. Agricultural systems. 68, 253-268.

Rahman MM, Sarker MAM, Hasina A, Kashem MA. 1998. Role of some indigenous substances as organic fertilizers on the growth and yield of brinjal plants. Bangladesh J. Sci. Indus. Res. 33, 275-281.

Ramroudi M, Majnoun Hosseini N, Hosseinzadeh H, Mazaheri D, Hosseini MB. 2011. Evaluating the effects cover crops, tillage systems and nitrogen rates on soil properties and sorghum forage yields. Agronomy Journal 24, 18-23.

Shakoor Khanday AB, Sharma U, Dubey PK, Bhardawaj SB. 2012. Effect of different fertilizer and irrigation management systems on soil physic-chemical properties and pod yield of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.). International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 2, 155-160.

Tan M, Serin Y. 1995. The effects of rhizobium inoculation and various nitrogen fertilization doses on hay, seed, straw and crude protein yields, percentage of crude protein and nodule number in common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) under irrigated conditions in Erzurum. Türk Tar. ve Orm. Derg 19, 137-144.

Ullah MS, Islam MS, Islam MA, Haque T. 2008. Effects of organic manures and chemical fertilizers on the yield of brinjal and soil properties. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ 6, 271–276.

Urkurkar JS, Tiwari A, Chitale S, Bajpai RK. 2010. Influence of long- term use of inorganic and organic manures on soil fertility and sustainable productivity of rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) in inceptisols. Indian J Agr Sci., 80, 208-212.

Vandermeer JH. 1989. The ecology of intercropping. Cambridge Univ, Press New York.

Vanload B, Aihou K, Aman S, Olwuafor EN, Tossah BK, dials S, Singing N, Lease O, Mark R, Deckers J. 2001. Maize yield as affected by organic inputs and urea in the West African moist savanna. Agronomy Journal. 93, 1191-1199.

Van Sorest PJ. 1994. Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. Comstock publishing associates a division of Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York, USA.

Ward JD, Redfearn DD, Mccormick ME, Cuomo GJ. 2001. Chemical composition, ensiling characteristics, and apparent digestibility of summer annual forages in a subtropical double-cropping system with annual ryegrass. Dairy Science Journal 84, 177-182.

Yolcu H, Seker H, Gullap MK, Lithourgidis A, Gunes A. 2011. Application of cattle manure, zeolite and leonardite improves hay yield and quality of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) under semiarid conditions. Aus J Crop Sci.

Yousefzadeh  S, AghaAlikhani  M,  Mokhtassi- Bidgoli A. 2009. Effect of total amount of nitrogen and its application methods on yield and quality in twice harvesting of forage sorghum. Proceedings of the 16th Nitrogen Workshop Connecting different scales of Nitrogen use in Agriculture. June, 28th-July, 1st 2009.