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Research Paper | October 1, 2013

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Investigation of different soil fertilizing systems on forage yield and quality of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) moench)

Amin Sedaghat, Sasan Siahkouhian, Gholam Abbas Akbari, Ebrahim Sharifi Ashour Abadi

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Int. J. Biosci.3(10), 170-179, October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.10.170-179

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Abstract

In order to study the effect of soil fertilization systems on yield and quality of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) an experiment was conducted using a randomized completed block design (RCBD) with three replications in 2008 at the college of Aboureihan research farm of University of Tehran. The treatments were various levels of chemical fertilizers (N.P.K), different level of animal manure, mixture of different ratios of fertilizer and manure as integrated systems and a control without fertilizer and manure. Fertilizations treatments significantly affected forage yield and quality of sorghum. For chemical fertilizers, total DM yield was increased to 7.61 and 7.39 t ha-1 by the treatments (kg ha-1) N120/P96/K120 and N40/P32/K40, respectively. For organic systems, the highest yields of 10.1 and 9.23 t ha-1 were obtain by treatments of 20 and 10 tones of manure/ha respectively. In the integrated system, the highest DM values of 11.5 and 10.1 t ha-1 were obtained in treatments N120/P96/K120/ manure10000 and N140/P112/K140/ manure 5000, respectively. Chemical and integrated systems increased crude protein (CP) in sorghum. For dry matter digestibility (DMD) there were no significant difference among fertilizing systems, although all of them produced higher DMD compared to control. For water soluble carbohydrate (WSC) the positive effect of organic fertilizer was higher than in the other two systems. According to the results soil fertilizing systems had significant effect on forage yield and quality and among different soil fertilizing systems, integrated system was the most appropriate but further studies would be needed.

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Investigation of different soil fertilizing systems on forage yield and quality of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) moench)

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