Investigation of risky driving behaviors and attitude causing road traffic accidents on motorways, A case study of MI Motorway, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/06/2019
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Investigation of risky driving behaviors and attitude causing road traffic accidents on motorways, A case study of MI Motorway, Pakistan

Amin Khan, Syed Akhtar Ali Shah
J. Bio. Env. Sci.14( 6), 93-102, June 2019.
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The increasing level of road traffic accident is major public health problems and the consequent casualties have strengthened the case for its comprehensive investigation. The study has been carried out on M-1, which is an integral part of the grand Motorways network of Pakistan with the aim to explore the most influential drivers’ risky behaviours causing accidents on motorways and to recommend guidelines for road safety. The main composites of driver’s risky behavior include over-speeding and lane-violations. In the study historical data of accidents for the past five years (2012-2016), maintained by National Highways and Motorways Police (NH&MP), has beenanalyzedto explore the effects of drivers’ risky behaviours during the past five years. In addition, the prospective scenario of such behaviours has also been portrayed to correlate both the data to ascertain the real causes of accidents on motorways. Contradiction in the recorded accident patterns and the assigned causes in the historical data have been noticed. There is misinterpretation of the recorded accidents patterns. In this study the frequently happening risky behaviours were found to be the lane violations and over-speeding while the most prominent accident pattern have been recorded to be rollover and nose-to-tail. The main impact which this study establishes is the exploration and identification of lane violation as the most commonly occurring phenomenon on the part of drivers which lead to serious accidents on motorways. The paper recommended that intelligent enforcement against lane violation and over-speeding can ensure the safety of the road users on motorways.The study strongly recommended establishment of command and control system for a close check on lane-violations and over-speeding.


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