Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Investigation on Food Source to Substitute Commercial Feed in Aquaculture

Research Paper | October 1, 2021

| Download 25

Kate Isioma Iloba, Sunday Israel Oyedokun, Kabir Mohammed Adamu

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.19( 4), 1-9, October 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.4.1-9


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Man’s unquenchable need for food, combined with his limited financial means, fuels the never-ending hunt for a low-cost, acceptable feed that promotes good fish growth. This search inspired the research of the growth parameters of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings in static aquaria for 11 weeks on a commercial diet, cockroach feed, and fowl droppings. With the exception of temperature (p>0.05), all water variables were within acceptable ranges throughout the research. Regardless of protein level, no treatment had a significant effect on fish development (p>0.05). The lack of substantial fish growth (p>0.05) demonstrates the importance of additional growth factors in the cockroach diet, such as lipids, fibre, and carbohydrates.  On the other side, commercial feed had the highest mean weight gain (18.42±13.12 g), average length (11.83±7.71 cm), average weight (17.00±13.92 g), and specific growth rate (0.360.15). Following that is the fish-fed cockroach (mean gain of 13.70±9.78 g, mean length of 9.87±5.94 cm, mean weight of 12.77±10.31 g, and specific growth rate of 0.34±0.14). On the other hand, fish-fed chicken droppings grew at the slowest pace (mean length (11.8±3.71 g), mean weight (17.00±13.92 g), and specific growth rate (0.360.15%). Additionally, cockroach feed had the highest survival rate (90 %), followed by commercial feed (83.33 %) and fowl droppings (66.33 %). Because the cockroach scores locally and readily available and is less expensive, it can take advantage of pricey commercial feed without significant growth. Without a doubt, cockroach feed is a feasible meal substitute for commercially produced feeds for low-income people.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Investigation on Food Source to Substitute Commercial Feed in Aquaculture

Achi OA, Koumi AR, Ossey YB, Yte W, Ouattara NI, Atse BC. 2018. Effects of Substitution of Artemia salina Protein by Soya Protein in Clarias gariepinus Larvae Compounded Diets: Growth, Feed Efficiency and survival. International Journal of Environmental Agriculture and Biotechnology 3(3), 770-777. http://dx.doi.org/10.22161/ijeab/3.3.8

Adeoye D, Akegbejo-Samsons Y, Omoniyi T, Dipeolu A. 2012.  Challenges and Investment Opportunities for Large-Scale Aquaculture Farmers in Nigeria IIFET 2012 Tanzania Proceedings p 12.

Anyadike CC, Ugwuishiwu BO. 2013. Investigation of Water Quality in Waste Fed (Poultry Droppings) Catfish Production. IOSR Journal of Engineering 3(10), 48-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.9790/3021-031034852

Arlene LA, Jasper DP, Christopher MA. 2019.  Development of low cost feeds for fattening of native catfish, Clarias macrophalus. International Journal of Aquatic Biology 7(4), 233-238. https://doi.org/10.22034/ijab.v7i4.583

Ayeloja AA, George FO, Dauda TO, Jimoh WA, Popoola MA. 2013. Nutritional comparison of captured Clarias gariepinus and Oreochromis niloticus. International Research Journal of Natural Sciences 1(1), 9-13.

Babalola OA, Onigemo M, Olude D. 2018. Effects of dietary cassava dough (Fufu) kitchen waste as a replacement for maize on growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. International Journal of Aquatic Biology 6(1), 44-48. https://doi.org/10.22034/ijab.v6i1.440

David GS, Afia OE. 2017. Growth performance, nutrient utilization and survival of African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell, 1822) fingerlings fed locally formulated and commercial pelleted diets reared in tarpaulin tanks. CARD International Journal of Agricultural Research and Food and Production 1(1), 13-3.

El-Haroun RE. 2007. Improved growth rate and feed utilization in farmed African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) through a growth promoter biogen7 supplementation. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2, 319-327. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jfas.2007.319.327

Iloba KI, Oguguah NM, Nwadukwe FO. 2016. Hydrogen ion (pH), ammonia, dissolved oxygen and nitrite concentrations in catfish water re-circulatory and semi-intensive static-water systems. Journal of Aquatic Sciences 31(2B), 417-424. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jas.v31i2B.9

Iloba KI, Oyedokun SI, Eledan TC. 2020. Length-weight relationship and wellness of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) juveniles fed on three different feeds. International Journal of Biosciences, 16(1), 329-334. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.1.329-334

Iloba KI. 2020. Analysis of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) growth performance induced by commercial feeds in concrete tanks. Journal of Agriculture and food Environment 7(1), 39-46.

Jewel AS, Husain I, Haque A, Serker A, Khatun S, Begun M, Ferdoushi Z, Akter S. 2018. Development of low cost formulated quality feed for growth performance and economies of Labio rohita cultured in a cage. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation and Legislation 11(5), 1486-1494.

Kwikiriza G, Barekye A, Aheisibwe AR, Byakora E, Tibihika PD. 2017. Comparative growth performance and proximate composition of three local strains of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) from different locations in Uganda. Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal 8(3), 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2150-3508.1000226

Muin H, Taufek NM, Kamarudin MS, Razak 2016. Growth performance, feed utilization and body composition of Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) fed with different levels of black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus, 1758) maggot meal diet. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 16(2), 567-577.

Musa SM, Aura CM, Ngugi CC, Kundu R. 2012. The Effect of Three Different Feed Types on Growth Performance and Survival of African Catfish Fry (Clarias gariepinus) Reared in a Hatchery. International Scholarly Research Network 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/861364

Oke V, Abou Y, Adite A, Kabre JT. 2016. Growth Performance, Feed Utilization and Body Composition of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) Fed Marine Fish Visceral-based-diet in Earthen Ponds. Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal 7(4), 183. http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2150-3508.1000183

Onuocha PC, Elezuo KO, Odubiro AT. 2018. Comparative Study on Growth Performance of C. gariepinus Fry Fed on Live Foods and Artificial Diet. Continental Journal of Biological Sciences 11(2), 14 – 31. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenedo.1478968

Opiyo MA, Paul O, Harrison C. 2017. Fecundity, growth parameters and survival rate of three African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) strain under hatchery conditions. Journal of Aquaculture Engineering and Fisheries Research 3(2), 75-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.3153/JAEFR17010

Simhachalam G. Kumar NSS, Rao KG. 2015. Biochemical composition and nutritional value of Streptocephalus simplex as live feed in ornamental fish culture. The Journal of Basic and Applied zoology 72, 66-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobaz.2015.01.007

Ukoroije RB, Bawo D. 2020. Cockroach (Periplaneta americana): Nutritional value as food and feed for man and livestock. Asian Food Science Journal 15(2), 37-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/afsj/2020/v15i230150

Yakubu AF, Nwogu NA, Olaji EO, Adams TE. 2015. Impact of three different commercial feeds on the growth and survival of Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822 Fry in glass tanks. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 9(1), 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/AJEA/2015/16342

Zhen-Guang Y, Jun-Tao F, Zheng X, Shu-Ping W, Xiao-Shan Guo, Tian-Xu Z, Su-Wen Y, Yi-Zhang Z. 2019. Neglect of temperature and pH impact leads to underestimation of seasonal ecological risk of ammonia in Chinese surface freshwaters. Journal of Chemistry 2019, 1-7. https:doi.org/10.1155/2019/3051398