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Isolation, identification and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of Salmonella species isolated from poultry samples of District Kohat

Research Paper | January 1, 2019

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Inam Ullah, Nasir Mahmood Khattak, Zahidullah Khan, Hazir Rehman, Hassan Naveed, Malik Nawaz Shuja, Muhammad Naeem, Matiullah, Ikram Ullah, Hameed Ur Rehman

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Int. J. Biosci.14( 1), 284-292, January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.284-292


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Salmonella species has been recognized as a major cause of food borne illness associated with poultry worldwide. Salmonellosis is one of the most common food borne diseases in industrial and developing countries. The wide spread of antimicrobial-resistance in Salmonella species has been a serious global human and animal health problem. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Salmonella species from poultry samples of District Kohat. The isolates were screened for antimicrobial susceptibility pattern by using disk diffusion method. Out of 100 poultry samples, 35 were positive for Salmonella species. Most Salmonella species were resistant to Ampicillin (n=28; 80%) and Tetracycline (n=27; 78%).40% (n=14) were susceptible to Azithromycin, 31.42% (n=11) were intermediate and 28.57% (n=10) were resistant to Azithromycin 37.14%. Chloramphenicol showed good antibacterial activity against Salmonella species. 18 isolates (51.42%) were sensitive to Chloramphenicol, while 37.14% (n=13) were resistant. Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin exhibited poor activity against Salmonella species and most of them were intermediate sensitive to Ciprofloxacin (n=18; 51.52%) and Levofloxacin (n=19; 54.28%).High levels of resistance to antibiotics that are used commonly for human and poultry can be a warning for our community health and this information must be used to form important strategies for improvement of infection control.


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Isolation, identification and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of Salmonella species isolated from poultry samples of District Kohat

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