International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Diversity and distribution of Avifauna in Mapawa Nature Park, Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental

By: Clarise L. Parreno, Irene V. Sanchez, Angela A. Vasallo, Sonnie A. Vedra, Richel E. Relox

Key Words: Avifauna, Distribution, Diversity, Mapawa Nature Park

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(6), 1-8, December 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0316 [Generate Certificate]


Bird population is an indicates the quality of habitat as they respond to threats and varying ecological conditions. Descriptive type of research was used in the study which aimed to assess the species composition, abundance, diversity, endemism, richness, conservation status and distribution of birds in the area. Birds were sampled using point-count method and mist netting methods. Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to determine the distribution of the avifauna species. It was found out that Mapawa Nature Park of Barangay Cugman, Cagayan De Oro City, Misamis Oriental harbors 47 avifauna species which belong to 10 Orders and 24 Families. In which, 16 species are endemic in the Philippines, 27 are resident birds, three are migratory and one is near endemic. Among the avifauna, Philippine Bulbul has the highest relative abundance (28.4%) while Zebra Dove, Mangrove KingFisher, Whiskered Tree Swift, Philippine Hawked Owl, Philippine Dwarf King Fisher, Red Bellied Pita and Blue Tailed Bee-Eater are the least abundant species (0.20%). The area has high diversity index (H=3.03) and evenness (E= 0.49) which means that it is diverse in terms of avifauna species. For species distribution, an omnivorous bird was the most abundant, Philippine Bulbul due to the availability of food in their habitat. Furthermore, Mapawa Nature Park is a home of abundant, rich and diverse birds in Northern Mindanao. Information and awareness strategies must be implemented inside the area for the protection and conservation of bird species.

| Views 457 |

| Views 457 |

Diversity and distribution of Avifauna in Mapawa Nature Park, Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental

Alviola GL, Del Rosario BI, Otadoy JB, Ibañez JC. 2010. Birds of Malagos Watershed, Southeastern Philippines. Asian Journal of Biodiversity 1(1).

Barov B. 2011. Conservation and Recovery of Threatened Birds in the European Union. BirdLife Europe 8.

Borana SL, Yadav SK, Parihar SK, Paturkar RT. 2013. Integration of Remote Sensing & GIS for Urban Land Use/Cover Change Analysis of the Jodhpur City. In 33rd INCA International Congress 19-21.

Calimpong DMT, Nuñeza OM. 2015. Avifaunal Diversity of Bega Watershed, Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur, Philippines. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 6(4), 385-400.

Estades CF, Escobar MA, Tomasevic JA, Vukasovic MA, Paez M. 2006. Mist-nets Versus Point Counts in the Estimation of Forest Bird Abundances in South-Central Chile. Ornithology Neotropical 17, 203-212.

Girma Z, Mamo Y, Asfaw T. 2017. Seasonal Abundance and Habitat Use of Bird Species in and around Wondo Genet Forest, South-Central Ethiopia. Ecological Evolution 7, 3397-3405.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018. Retrieved from:

Kennedy RS, Gonzales PC, Dickinson EC, Miranda, HC, Fisher TH. 2000. A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines. Oxford University Press.

Kerkhoff. 2019. Measuring Biodiversity of Ecological Communities. Retrieved from www. google. com/diversityindex.

Lancaster RK, Rees WE. 1979. Bird Communities and Structure of Urban Habitats. Canadian Journal of Zoology 57(12), 2358-2368.

Mengesha G, Bekele A. 2008. Diversity and Relative Abundance of Birds of Alatish National Park. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Science 34, 215-222.

Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, Da Fonseca GA, Kent J. 2000. Biodiversity Hotspots for Conservation Priorities. Nature 403(6772), 853.

Posa MRC, Diesmos AC, Sodhi NS, Brooks TM. 2008. Hope for Threatened Tropical Biodiversity: Lessons from the Philippines. AIBS Bulletin 58(3), 231-240.

Relox RE, Leano EP, Camino FA. 2011. Avifaunal Assemblage in Mt. Hamiguitan, Davao Oriental, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Journal of Environmental Science and Management 14 (1).

Shochat E, Lerman S, Fernandez-Juricic E. 2010. Birds in Urban Ecosystems: Population Dynamics, Community Structure, Biodiversity and Conservation. Urban Ecosystem Ecology 55, 75-86.

Tabur MA, Ayvaz Y. 2010. Ecological Importance of Birds.

Welsh DA. 1987. The Influence of Forest Harvesting on Mixed Coniferous-Deciduous Boreal Bird Communities in Ontario 8, 247-252.

Whelan CG, Şekercioğlu CH, Wenny DG. 2015. Why Birds Matter: From Economic Ornithology to Ecosystem Services. Journal of Ornithology 156(1), 227-238.

Zanette LP, Doyle, Tremont SM. 2000. Food Shortage in Small Fragments: Evidence from an Area-Sensitive Passerine. Ecology 8(1), 1654.

Clarise L. Parreno, Irene V. Sanchez, Angela A. Vasallo, Sonnie A. Vedra, Richel E. Relox.
Diversity and distribution of Avifauna in Mapawa Nature Park, Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(6), 1-8, December 2020.
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update