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Field effectiveness of yellow sticky sheets, aluminium foil and malathion for vectored viral disease in cucurbits

By: Shawana Ahmad, Asad Ali

Key Words: Vector, Bottle gourd, Reflective mulch, Yellow sticky sheets, Chemical or Malathion

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(1), 58-65, July 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0300 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Extensive losses in many agricultural and horticultural crops are caused by vector borne viral diseases. The problem is really grave if the nature of transmission is non-persistent and we are left with only a few options to control. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of aluminium foil mulch, yellow coloured sticky sheets and insecticide for the management of vector borne viral disease in bottle gourd and its effect on yield. The experiment was conducted using RCB design with three replications and four treatments with ten plants in each treatment. Four treatments including the control were applied for the management of vectors i.e. Yellow sheets painted with mobile oil on 3×3 feet board to trap insects whilst Malathion insecticide was applied as second treatment, diamond aluminium foil was used with holes as third treatment and control plots. Based on results, yellow sticky sheet, aluminium foil mulching and insecticide application had significant effect on plant growth and yield. Yellow sticky sheets resulted in lowest disease incidence (10.83%) of viruses with good impact on yield parameters resulting in maximum fruit yield (7.51kg plant-1), highest number of fruits (7 plant-1) and maximum vine length (263.4cm) followed by aluminium foil mulching where disease incidence of virus was (13%), fruit yield was 6.42kg plant-1, fruits number was 5.23 plant-1 and vine length was 253.37 plant-1. Highest disease incidence (42.98%), minimum fruit yield (1.5kg plant-1), least number of fruits (4 plants-1) and minimum vine length (216.83cm) were recorded in untreated plants. Current study suggests that yellow sticky sheet is highly effective for virus vector control followed by aluminium foil. It can suppress vector population thereby reducing the virus incidence which ultimately increase fruit yield of bottle gourd.

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Field effectiveness of yellow sticky sheets, aluminium foil and malathion for vectored viral disease in cucurbits

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Shawana Ahmad, Asad Ali.
Field effectiveness of yellow sticky sheets, aluminium foil and malathion for vectored viral disease in cucurbits.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(1), 58-65, July 2020.
https://innspub.net/jbes/field-effectiveness-yellow-sticky-sheets-aluminium-foil-malathion-vectored-viral-disease-cucurbits/
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