International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Growth characteristics and yield of jute mallow when intercropped with common cereal crops in Tanzania

By: Margareth A. Makauki, Ernest R. Mbega, Patrick A. Ndakidemi

Key Words: Corchorus olitorius, Cropping system, Yield advantage, Cereals, Indigenous vegetables

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(4), 37-46, April 2021.

Certification: jbes 2021 0329 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In Tanzania, farmers harvest Jute mallow for granted when it grows without being cultivated. This limits its potential production and possibilities for exploiting its fully benefit in nutrition and market. This study was conducted to find a better intercropping combination which is agronomically viable with higher yield advantages by integrating Jute mallow in commonly grown cereals in Tanzania. Field experiment was conducted at Hombolo Agricultural Research Centre in Dodoma and the Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology (NM-AIST) farm in Arusha to assess the growth and yield performance of jute mallow when intercropped with either maize, sorghum or finger millet. The experiment was set in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Results showed that growth parameters of Jute mallow with sorghum and jute mallow with finger millet intercrops such as plant height, number of branches and number of leaves were not affected by intercropping. Jute mallow intercropped with maize suppressed growth and yield performance of Jute mallow. Among intercropped stands, Jute mallow intercropped with sorghum and with finger millet was not affected by intercropping on fresh leaf yield. However, all intercropped stands had yield advantages over mono-cropped stands, jute mallow-sorghum intercrop had the highest yield advantage with a LER of 1.7 and 1.53 in Dodoma and Arusha respectively. If farmers opt for intercropping and maximizing land use, this study recommends jute mallow to be intercropped with sorghum and with finger millet for better yields and sustainable growth.

| Views 7 |

| Views 7 |

Growth characteristics and yield of jute mallow when intercropped with common cereal crops in Tanzania

Aiyelaagbe IOO, Jolaoso MA. 1992. Growth and yield response of papaya to intercropping with vegetable crops in southwestern Nigeria. Agroforestry Systems 19(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00130090

Cordeiro LS. 2013. The role of African indigenous plants in promoting food security and health. In: African Natural Plant Products Volume II: Discoveries and Challenges in Chemistry, Health, and Nutrition, American Chemical Society, 273-287 DOI:10.1021/bk-2013-1127.ch017

Dhar P, Ojha D, Kar CS, Mitra J. 2018. Differential response of tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) submitted to water deficit stress. Industrial Crops and Products 112, 141-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.10.044

Dieleman JA, Heuvelink E. 1992. Factors affecting the number of leaves preceding the first inflorescence in the tomato, Journal of Horticultural Science 67(1), 110.

Emuh FN. 2014. Performance of Jute Mallow, Egusi-Melon and Pigeon Pea in Jute Mallow/ Egusi-Melon/ Pigeon Pea Intercropping System in Abbi, Delta state, Nigeria, Delta State University, Asaba Campus P.M.B. 95074 Asaba, Nigeria

Fetene M. 2003. Intra-and inter-specific competition between seedlings of Acacia etbaica and a perennial grass (Hyparrhenia hirta). Journal of Arid Environments 55(3), 441–451.

Ghanbar A, Dahmardeh M, Siahsar BA, Ramroudi M. 2010. Effect of maize (Zea mays L.)-cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) intercropping on light distribution, soil temperature and soil moisture in arid environment. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 8(1), 102-108.

Katsaruware RD, Manyanhaire IO. 2009. Maize-cowpea intercropping and weed suppression in leaf stripped and detasselled maize in Zambia. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry 8 (11), 1218-1226.

Keding GB, Yang RY. 2009. Nutritional contributions of important African indigenous vegetables. In: African indigenous vegetables in urban agriculture, Routledge. 137-176.

Maihuri RK, Rawat LS. 2013. Climate change impacts in central Himalayan agriculture: Integrating local perception and traditional knowledge for adaptation. Climate Change & Himalayan Informatics, 103.

Maluleke MH, Addo-Bediako A, Ayisi KK. 2005. Influence of maize/lablab intercropping on lepidopterous stem borer infestation in maize. Journal of Economic Entomology 98(2), 384-388.

Manrique LADP, Bartholomew, Ewing EE. 1989. Growth and yield performance of several potato clones grown at three elevations in Hawaii: I. Plant morphology. Crop Science 29, 363-370.

Moriri S, Owoeye LG, Mariga IK. 2010. Influence of component crop densities and planting patterns on maize production in dry land maize/cowpea intercropping systems. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5(11), 1200-1207. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR10.038

Ndakidemi PA. 2006. Manipulating legume/cereal mixtures to optimize the above and below ground interactions in the traditional African cropping systems. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(25), https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2006.000-5113

Ndinya C, Ndinya C. 2005. Seed production and supply system of three African Leafy Vegetables in Kakamega District. In: Proceedings of the third Horticulture Workshop on Sustainable Horticultural production in the Tropics. Maseno University, Maseno 60-67.

Nordli EF, Strøm M, Torre S. 2011. Temperature and photoperiod control of morphology and flowering time in two green-house grown Hydrangea macrophylla cultivars. Scientia horticulturae 127(3), 372-377. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.09.019

Nyoki D, Ndakidemi PA. 2017. Growth response of Bradyrhizobium inoculated soybean grown under maize intercropping systems, and P and K fertilization. International Journal of Biosciences 10, 323-334. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.3.323-334

Ojiewo C, Tenkouano A, Hughes JDA, Keatinge JDH. 2013. Diversifying diets: using indigenous vegetables to improve profitability, nutrition and health in Africa. In: Fanzo J, Hunter D, Borelli T, Mattei F, Eds. Diversifying food and diets: using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health, Bioversity International: New York, NY10017, 291-302.

Peter KV. Ed. 2008. Underutilized and underexploited horticultural crops, Vol. IV. New India Publishing.

Rabbany GABM, Islam N. 1996. Effect of intercropping systems on growth and yield of jute. Thai Journal of Agricultural Science (Thailand).

Sarah Maina, Maina Mwangi. 2008. Vegetables in East Africa. Elewa Publications, Farming Resources Series.

Sarkar S, Majumdar B, Kundu DK. 2013. Strip-cropping of legumes with jute (Corchorus olitorius) in jute-paddy-lentil cropping system. Journal of Crop and Weed 9(1), 207-209.

Schippers RR. 2000 African Indigenous Vegetables. An Overview of the Cultivated Species. Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, Chatham, 214.

Singh G, Shivakumar BG. 2010. The role of soybean in agriculture. The Soybean: Botany, Production and Uses. CAB International, Oxfordshire, UK, 24-47.

Singh R, Prasad R, Pal M. 2001. Studies on intercropping potato with fenugreek. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 49(2), 189-191.

Wahla IH, Ahmad R, Ehsanullah A, Ahmad A, Jabbar A. 2009. Competitive functions of components crop in some barley based intercropping systems. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11, 69-72.

Wolf SA, Marani, Rudich J. 1990. Effects of temperature and photoperiod on assimilate partitioning in potato plants. Annals of Botany 66, 513-520.

Margareth A. Makauki, Ernest R. Mbega, Patrick A. Ndakidemi.
Growth characteristics and yield of jute mallow when intercropped with common cereal crops in Tanzania.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(4), 37-46, April 2021.
https://innspub.net/jbes/growth-characteristics-and-yield-of-jute-mallow-when-intercropped-with-common-cereal-crops-in-tanzania/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update