International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Nutrient supplementation using amino acid for growth and yield of silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

By: Elizabeth H Madrid, Helen B Marzan, Dominador S Nillo, Annellene M Badua

Key Words: Amino acid, Supplementation, Silkworm rearing, Growth and yield, Feeding supplement

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(2), 73-78, February 2021.

Certification: jbes 2021 0328 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In sericulture, mulberry leaves are the main food source for silkworms. Over the years, researches were conducted on supplementation of essential nutrients to improve mulberry leaf quality in order to meet the nutrient requirements for silkworm growth and development. Hence, this study determined the effect of amino acid (AA) supplementation on the growth and yield of silkworm (Bombyx mori L) and on the occurrence of diseases. A Philippine silkworm hybrid, DMMMSU 346 was used as testing organism and fed with mulberry leaves sprayed with 0.5% AA (given 4x a day); 0.5% AA (given 2x a day); 1.0% AA (given 4x a day); and 1.0% AA (given 2x a day), then compared to the control. The treatments were laid out in Completely Randomized Design with three replications. Data gathered were computed and analyzed using Analysis of Variance and treatment means were compared using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Results revealed that amino acid supplementation of mulberry leaves at 0.5% concentration and fed to silkworms 4x a day and reared during cold-dry season is ideal for cocoon yield per box, filament length and effective rearing rate. Supplementation of 1% concentration fed 2x a day positively affected larval weight at maturity. Grasserie disease was observed but did not significantly affect the survival rate of silkworm during rearing.

| Views 12 |

| Views 12 |

Nutrient supplementation using amino acid for growth and yield of silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

Akuli A, Dey T, Chopra P, Pal A, Alarn S, Bhattacharyya N. 2012. Vision sensing system for early detection of Pebrine spore in silk moth. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sensing Technology, ICST. doi: 10.1109/ICSens T.2012.6461673

Babu R, Ramakrishna S, Reddy Y, Lakshmi G, Naidu NV, Basha S, Bhaskar M. 2009. Metabolic alterations and molecular mechanism in silkworm larvae during viral infection: A review. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(6), 899-907.

Ito T, Arai N. 2003. Nutrition of the silkworm, Bombyx mori-XI. Requirements for aspartic and glutamic acids. Journal of Insect Physiology 12(7), 861-869.

Joshi RP, Ahmad Raja I. 2017. Seasonal incidence of pathogenic disease Grasserie in silkworm Bombyx mori in Vidarbha region (Maharashtra). Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology 32(2), 111-116.

Jyothi M, Pratap M, Thimma NS. 2014. Studies on biochemical constituents of different genotypes of Morus alba L. International Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 5, 835-840

Ito T, Arai N. 2003. Nutrition of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori: XI. Requirements for aspartic and glutamic acids. Journal of Insect Physiology 12(7), 861-869.

Kumar K, Balasubramaniyan U. 2013. Studies on the impact of Spirulina platensis on the mulberry silk worm Bombyx mori L. International Journal of Research in Phytochemistry and Pharmacology 3(2), 99-102.

Offord C, Vollrath F, Holland C. 2016. Environmental effects on the construction and physical properties of Bombyx mori cocoons. Journal of Materials Science 51(24), 10863–10872. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-016-0298-5

Radjabi R. 2010. Effect of mulberry leaves enrichment with amino acid supplementary nutrients on silkworm, Bombyx mori L. at North of Iran. Academic Journal of Entomology 3(1), 45-51.

Ramesh V, Pushparaj K, Ganesh Prabu P, Rajasekar P. 2018. Nutritional supplementation of amino acid l-serine on silkworm Bombyx mori (l.) Larvae in relation to growth rate and silk production. Research Journal of Life Sciences, Bioinformatics, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences 4(5), 301-312. doi: 10.26479/2018.0405.24

Ruth L, Ghatak S, Subbarayan S, Choudhury BN, Gurusubramanian G, Kumar NS, Bin T. 2019. Influence of micronutrients on the food consumption rate and silk production of Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) reared on mulberry plants grown in a mountainous agro-ecological condition. Frontiers in Physiology 10, 878. doi:10.3389/fphys.2019.00878.

Wang D, Dong Z, Zhang Y, Guo K, Guo P, Zhao P, Xia Q. 2017. Proteomics Provides Insight into the Interaction between Mulberry and Silkworm. Journal of Proteome Research 16(7), 2472-2480. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00071.

Elizabeth H Madrid, Helen B Marzan, Dominador S Nillo, Annellene M Badua.
Nutrient supplementation using amino acid for growth and yield of silkworm, Bombyx mori L..
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(2), 73-78, February 2021.
https://innspub.net/jbes/nutrient-supplementation-using-amino-acid-for-growth-and-yield-of-silkworm-bombyx-mori-l/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update