Knowledge attitude and practices regarding the pulmonary tuberculosis among the tuberculosis patients, Lahore, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/04/2021
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Knowledge attitude and practices regarding the pulmonary tuberculosis among the tuberculosis patients, Lahore, Pakistan

Maria Aslam, Mahpara Safdar, Sidra Khalid, Zainab Sharmeen, Tabeen Irfan, Kinza Seher, Raheela Zubair
Int. J. Biosci.18( 4), 200-206, April 2021.
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Tuberculosis is still a major public health concern in middle and low income states. Lack of knowledge about the cause, risk factors, treatment and prevention of TB is a major challenge to be addressed to reduce disease transmission. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Gulab Devi Chest Hospital Lahore, to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding the pulmonary tuberculosis in the patients. The data were collected through purposive sampling technique from 100 pulmonary tuberculosis patients by interview technique to assess patient’s knowledge, attitude and practice regarding disease spread and role of nutrition in management of disease through pretested questionnaire. Data were statistically analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Majority of respondents were aware of the disease spread as 83% were aware of TB spread through coughing and 90% of patients considered cough as symptom of tuberculosis. Only 39% of patients were aware of BCG vaccine and 61% were not aware of the vaccine. The results concluded that patients had knowledge about spread of TB and its prevention. Patient’s having the knowledge about benefits of using nutritious foods as well as how to observe hygiene for prevention of disease, but due to some underlying factors they were not following these principles as nobody counseled them about its significance. Majority of respondents have some misconceptions regarding foods that its consumption caused coughing or sputum discharge.


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