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Land use and land cover classification and geomorphological characterization of Achanakmar region using geospatial technology

Sheikh Iqbal, S. C. Tiwari

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Int. J. Biosci.9(6), 468-474, December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.6.468-474

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Abstract

The rapidly developing geospatial technology not only offers an efficient and timely approach for mapping the land use/land cover classification but also provides the information regarding different parameters of soil characterization. The land use/land cover map, soil type map, geomorphology map and geomorphology map of Achanakmar region has been characterized and evaluated using geospatial technology. The different land use/land cover classes identified are: forest land, agricultural land, grassland, wasteland, settlements, water reservoirs/ponds and rivers. The different soil types identified are: red gravelly soil, red sandy soil, medium black soil, shallow black soil and laterite soil. The identified geomorphologic units include denudation hills on Deccan traps, region of high level plateau, pediment/pediplain, structural plain on Gondwana rocks, flood plain and water body. The identified units of geology in the study area include laterite/bauxitic laterite, unclassified metamorphics, unclassified shale and limestone, unclassified granites and gneiss, limestone/arkosic sand stone and clay, sand stone and conglomerate, basalt flow, boulder/sandstone, shale and water body. The land use/land cover classification map, soil map, geomorphology and geology map are an important aspect to know the soil characterization and hence helps in the management of soils with regard to different land use land cover classes.

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Land use and land cover classification and geomorphological characterization of Achanakmar region using geospatial technology

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