Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Landmark-based relative warp analysis of Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea caniculata) from Agusan del Norte and Sur rice fields, Philippines

Research Paper | August 1, 2021

| Download 13

Julie S. Berame, Minie L. Bulay, Caryl Aya B. Miranda, Mery Jane A. Belmonte, Michael C. Millanes

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.19( 2), 118-128, August 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.2.118-128


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


The Golden Apple Snail, Pomacea caniculata is considered one of the serious agricultural pests of rice in Asia’s countries. Its rapid invasion in many habitats suggests genetic variability and differentiation that  expressed in the level of the phenotype. As this pest exists, the researchers endeavor to describe the shell shape variations of Pomacea caniculata sample in from different rice fields of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. A total of 200 golden apple snails (P.caniculata) were randomly collected in the rice fields of Bayugan City, Antongalon Butuan City, RTR and Buenavista, Agusan del Norte. To determine shell shape variations among the four (4) snail populations and coordinates were administered to relative warp analysis. Data were subjected to Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) using the PAST Software. Results show statistically significant (p<0.05) from the appended ventral and dorsal portions of P.caniculata. These phenotypic distinctions were associated in geographic isolation, predation, and nutrient components of the gastropods.  Thus, the importance of using geometric morphometric is important in describing shell shape variations of Pomacea caniculata.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Landmark-based relative warp analysis of Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea caniculata) from Agusan del Norte and Sur rice fields, Philippines

Acosta B, Pullin R.  2018.  Summary report of a workshop on environmental impact of the Golden Snail (Pomacea sp.) on rice farming systems in the Philippines. Manila: International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, 34.

Estebenet AL, Martín PR, Burela S. 2006. Conchological variationin Pomaceacanaliculata and other South American Ampullariidae (Caenogastropoda, Architaenioglossa), Universidad Nacional del Sur, Departamento de Biologia, Bioquinica y Farmacia, San Juan 670, 800 Bahia Blanca, Argentina. 30(2).

Cagauan AG, Joshi RC. 2017. Golden apple snail Pomacea spp. in the Philippines. Review on levels of infestation, control methods, utilization and future research directions. Journal of Agriculture and Life, 37(2), 7-32.

Cowie RH. 2013. Apple snails as agricultural pests: their biology, impacts, and management. http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ppd/Entomology/Snails/AMPchap.htm.

Demayo CG, Harun SA, Torres MA. 2013.  Procrustes analysis of wing shape divergence among sibling species of Neurothemis Dragonflies. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 5(6), 748-759.

Dong S, Shentu X, Pan Y, Bai X, Yu X, Wang H. 2013. Evaluation of genetic diversity in the golden apple snail, Pomacea canaliculate (Lamarck), from different geographical populations in China by inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR). African Journal of Biotechnology 10(10), 1777-1783.

Nica DV, Bura M, Gergen I, Harmanescu M, Despina-Maria B. 2012. Bioaccumulative and conchological assessment of heavy metal transfer in a soil-plant-snail food chain. Chemistry Central Journal 6(55), 2012.

Gala G. 2015. Shell band pattern of Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea Cancaliculata, Lamarck) in selected aquatic habitats. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 6(8). http://dx.doi.org/10.7763/IJESD.2015.V6.670

Gutierrez PM, Torres MA, Demayo CG. 2017. Thin-plate spline and correlation based on distances analyses as tools for the analysis of morphological differences in dragonfly wings. 2nd international conference on environmental science and technology. Global invasive species database.

Hammer Ø, Harper DA, Ryan PD. PAST version 1.91: Paleontological Statistical Software package for education and data analysis. Paleontologia Electronica 4(1), p 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/cc.2021.91005

Hollander J, Butlin RK. 2016. The adaptive value of phenotypic plasticity in two ecotypes of a marine gastropod. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10, 333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-10-333

Hayes KA, Cowie RH, Thiengo SC, Strong EE. 2012 Comparing apples with apples: clarifying the identities of two highly invasive Neotropical Ampullariidae (Caenogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166, p 723-753, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00867.x

Lagesson A. 2015. Predator-induced morphological defences in a freshwater snail. Dept. of Ecology and Environmental Science (EMG) S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden.

Torres MA, Amarillo LR, Joshi R, Sebastian L, Baoanan Z, Demayo AG. 2011. Intra – and inter -population variability in the Golden Apple Snail Pomacea canaliculata. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5(6), p 789-800.

Moneva C. 2015. Relative warp and correlation analysis based on distances of the morphological shell shape patterns of Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck from Japan and the Philippines. Advances in Environmental Sciences International Journal of the Bioflux Society 4(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICEEA.2010.5596099

Minton RL, Lewis EM, Netherland B, Hayes DM. 2016. Large differences over small distances: Plasticity in the shells of Elimia potosiensis (Gastropoda: Pleuroceridae). International Journal of Biology 3(1), 23-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.649

Joshi RC, Delacruz MS, Martin EC. Current status of the golden apple snail in the Ifugao rice Terraces, Philippines. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Journal 18(2-3), p 71-90. https://doi.org/10.1300/J064v18n02_07

Cowie RH. 2013. Invasive apple snails (Ampullariidae) in Hawaii and Southeast Asia. Center for Conservation Research and Training, University of Hawaii American Malacological Society.

Preston SJ, Harrison A, Lundy M, Roberts D. 2010. Square pegs in round holes-the implications of shell shape variation on the translocation of adult Margaritiferamargaritifera (L.). Aquatic conservation: Marine and freshwater ecosystems. Research and Development Series, Vol. 20, pp. 568-573, Northern Ireland Environment Agency, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10-1002/aqc.1121

Torres MA, Amarillo LR, Joshi J, Sebastian L, Baoanan Z, Demayo CG. 2013. Intra- and inter-population variability in the Golden Apple Snail Pomacea canaliculata. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5(6), 789-800.

Yusa Y, Wada T, Takahashi S. 2016. Effects of dormant duration, body size, self-burial and water condition on the long-term survival of the apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata (Gastropoda: Ampullariidae). Applied Entomololy and Zoology 41, 627-32. https://doi.org/10.1303/aez.2006.627