Larvicidal efficacy of four indigenous ornamental fish species of lake kolleru, India

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2015
Views (229) Download (16)

Larvicidal efficacy of four indigenous ornamental fish species of lake kolleru, India

J. Chandra Sekhara Rao, K. Govinda Rao, Ch. Sebastian Raju, G. Simhachalam
J. Bio. Env. Sci.7( 1), 164-172, July 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


A study was conducted to assess the larvivorous potential of the indigenous ornamental fish fauna of Lake Kolleru (Andhra Pradesh, India), a wetland of international importance. Indigenous larvivorous fishes have potential for regulating mosquito larvae. The mosquito larval preference of four indigenous larvivorous fishes (Amblypharyngodon mola, Colisa lalia, Mystus bleekeri and Rasbora daniconius) was assessed to highlight their importance in mosquito control management. The fishes consumed a considerable amount of mosquito larvae in laboratory conditions. The consumption rate of mosquito larvae by four different indigenous fish species of ornamental value under laboratory condition revealed that, among the four species, mean consumption of the Rasbora daniconius is highly significant (P<0.01) followed by Colisa lalia and Amblypharyngodon mola (P<0.05). Overall mean consumption of Mystus bleekeri for three hours is not significant but it showed a significant consumption at 2nd and 3rd hour. These fishes can be used as biological control agents in the wetlands and allied mosquito larval habitats.


Bence JR. 1988. Indirect effects and biological control of mosquitoes by mosquito fish. Journal of Applied Ecology 25, 505–521.

Chandra G, Bhattacharjee I, Chatterjee SN, Ghosh A. 2008. Mosquito control by larvivorous fish. Indian Journal of Medical Research 127, 13–27.

Conor ME. 1922. Notes on the use of freshwater fish as consumers of mosquito larvae in containers used in the home. American Journal of Public Health 12(3), 193–194.

Das SK. 2013. A Preliminary Note on Assessment of a Few Indigenous Ornamental Fishes of Northeast India as Potential Predators of Mosquito Larvae. Indian Journal of Hill Farming 25(1), 63–65.

Devi NP, Jauhari RK. 2009. Study on digestive tract contents of fish: Preliminary step for identification of indigenous species in mosquito larval control. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 1(1), 18–23.

Galinat A. 1960. Experimental studies on the utilization of natural food by young crucian (Carassius carassius L.) tench (Tinca tinca L.). Hydrobiologii 8, 129–152.

Ghosh SK, Dash AP. 2007. Larvivorous fish in malaria control: a new outlook. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 101, 1063–1064.

Gratz NG, Pal R. 1988. Malaria vector control: larviciding. In: Wernsdorfer, W. H., Mc Gregor, I. (Eds) Malaria: Principles and practice of malariology. Edinburgh, UK: Churchill Livingstone, 1213–1226 p.

Gupta S, Banerjee S. 2013. Comparative assessment of mosquito biocontrol efficiency between Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) and Panchax minnow (Aplocheilus panchax). Bioscience Discovery 4(1), 89–95.

Haq S, Prasad H, Prasad RN, Sharma T. 1993. Availability and utility of local fishes of Shahjahanpur for mosquito control. Indian Journal of Malariology 30(1), 1–8.

Hurlbert SH, Mulla MS. 1981. Impacts of mosquito fish (Gambusia affinis) predation on plankton communities. Hydrobiologia 83, 125–151.

Jacob SS, Nair NB. 2006. Food and feeding habits of the larvivorous fish Aplocheilus lineatus (Cuv. & Val) in its natural habit. Journal of Fish Biology 20(3), 329–339.

Job TJ. 1940. An investigation of the nutrition of the perches of the Madras coast. Records of Madras Museum 42, 289–364.

Kim HC, Kim MS, Yu HS. 1994. Biological control of vector mosquitoes by the use of fish predators, Moroco oxycephalus and Misgurnus anguillicandatus in the laboratory and semi field rice paddy. Korean Journal of Entomology 24, 269–284.

Kumar R, Muhid P, Dahms HU, Tseng LC, Hwang JS. 2008. Potential of three aquatic predators to control mosquitoes in the presence of alternative prey: a comparative experimental assessment. Marine and Freshwater Research 59(9), 817–835.

Laird M. 1970. Integrated  control  of  mosquitoes. Integrative and Comparative Biology 10, 573 – 578.

Manna B, Aditya G, Banerjee S. 2008. Vulnerability of the mosquito larvae to the guppies (Poecilia reticulata) in the presence of alternative preys. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases 45, 200– 206.

Mann H. 1935. Untersuchubgen under die Verdollung and Ausnutsung der Stackstoff-shustanz einiger Nahritiere durch Verschiedens Fische. Zoologie Fische 33, 231– 274.

Morton RM, Beumer JP, Pollock BR. 1998. Fishes of a sub-tropical Australian salt marsh and their predation upon mosquitoes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 21(3), 185–194.

Nikolsky GV. 1963. The ecology of fishes (London and New York: Academic press) 352.

Phukon H, Biswas SP. 2011. Investigation on Channa gachua as a Potential Biological Control Agent of Mosquitoes under Laboratory Conditions. Asian Journal of Experimental and Biological Sciences 2(4), 606–611.

Raghavendra K, Subbarao SK. 2002. Chemical insecticides in malaria vector control in India. ICMR Bulletin 32, 1–7.

Rao JCS, Simhachalam G, Sebastian Raju CH. 2013. Ornamental Fish Diversity of Lake Kolleru, the only Ramsar site in Andhra Pradesh, India. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 2(7), 48–55.

Reddy SR, Shakuntala K. 1979. Comparative studies on the food intake, growth and food conservation of two larvivorous fishes. Proceedings of Indian Academy of Sciences 88(1), 425–432.

Rehage JS, Barnetti BK, Sih A. 2005. Foraging behavior and invasiveness: do invasive Gambusia exhibit higher feeding rates and broader diets than their noninvasive relatives?. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 14, 352 – 360.

Rojas JE, Soca LA, Gareia GI. 2005. Content of the digestive tract of 4 autocthonous species of fishes and their implications as bioregulators of mosquito larvae in Venezuela. Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical 57(3), 196–200.

Sharma SN. 1994. Larvivorous capacity of some indigenous fish of Haryana State. Journal of Communicable Diseases 26(2), 116–119.

Sharma VP, Ghosh A. 1994. Larvivorous Fishes of Inland Ecosystem NIMR, New Delhi, India.

Waage JK, Greathead DJ. 1988. Biological control: challenges and opportunities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 318, 111–128.

Walton WE. 2007. Larvivorous fish including Gambusia. In Biorational Control of  Mosquitoes. American Mosquito Control Association 23(2), 184–220.

Windell JT. 1967. Rates of digestion in fishes: in the biological basis of freshwater fish production Ed. S. D. Gerking.  (London:  Blackwell  Science  Publications) 151–173 p.