Int. J. Biosci.10(2), 147-155, February 2017
Perennial sow-thistle (Sonchus arvensis L.) is one of medicinal plants in Indonesia that is commonly used as diuretic, lithotripic and antiurolithic. This research studied the production and flavonoid content of perennial sow-thistle growth as wild plants, as basic information for S. arvensis cultivation. In situ observation on morphological characters then measurement of the plant biomass were conducted. The research was conducted with two sampling times i.e in May 2015 and September 2015. Wild plant samples of S. arvensis were taken from open field at Bogor Agricultural University (6o33’23.0”SL, 106043’54.5”EL), Bogor, Indonesia. Plant materials were harvested at three phenological stages i.e. vegetative stage (bolting phase), the second stage was early generative stage (the flower buds begin to form) and the last one was maximum generative stage (full flowering). Five plants as replications were used for each stage of growth. Data were analyzed to compare the results between the phases of growth followed by the Pearson correlation tests to determine the relationship between variables. The results showed that maximum growth of basal leaves was found at vegetative stage, while maximum growth of stem leaves was at early generative stage. The highest flavonoid content of wild perennial sow-thistle was found at maximum generative stage.
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