Life history of the Hog Plum Beetle, Podontia quatuordecimpunctata (Linnaeus, 1767) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) with photographs of each developmental stage

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Research Paper 03/02/2023
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Life history of the Hog Plum Beetle, Podontia quatuordecimpunctata (Linnaeus, 1767) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) with photographs of each developmental stage

Md. Shahinur Islam, Md. Mosharraf Hosain, Muhsina Yasmin, Akira Yamanaka, ATMF Islam
Int. J. Biosci.22( 2), 1-13, February 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Hog plum beetle (Podontia quatuordecimpunctata) is a serious pest of hog plum tree and both their adults and larvae defoliate the hog plum tree. However, its developmental information and proper identification as well as precise photographs of each developmental stages have not been well studied and recorded. Thus, the goal of this research was to establish the developmental characteristics of P. quatuordecimpunctata. Life history was conducted in laboratory conditions at an average temperature 28 °C ± 1.2 an average 65 ± 5% relative humidity (RH), and a light: dark ratio (12L : 12D). The female beetles were laid clusters of eggs in numerous layers, with 9 to 53 eggs in each cluster. The durations of each developmental stage were 6.16±0.93, 3.16±0.24, 3.29±0.25, 3.21±0.33, 4.54±0.33, 5.54±0.49, and 20.92±2.7 days for the incubation, 1st instar, 2nd instar, 3rd instar, 4th instar, pre pupa, and pupa, respectively. The longevity of male and female adult beetles was found to be 42.33±6.6 days and 50.66±9.8 days, respectively. Results revealed that this study will be a valuable source of biological information for a better understanding and management of this pest species.

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