Maize Response to Soil Conditioning and Irrigation Regimes

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Research Paper 01/12/2017
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Maize Response to Soil Conditioning and Irrigation Regimes

Muhammad Ijaz Khan, Amanullah Jan
Int. J. Biosci.11( 6), 100-115, December 2017.
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The study was undertaken to evaluate the response of soil conditioning and irrigation regimes on maize. Soil conditioners improve the physical conditions of soil and provide conducive environment for crops growth and development. Four irrigation regimes (3, 4, 5 and 6 irrigations) per main plot at known critical growth stages (emergence, 4 leaves, 8 leaves and tassel visible, blister and dough), three organic soil conditioners (farmyard manure (FYM), crop residue and humic acid (2 and 4 kg ha-1), alone and in combinations with gypsum as inorganic soil conditioner (SC) to subplots were applied one week before sowing at Agronomy Research Farm, The University of Agriculture Peshawar. Design used was RCB with split plot arrangement having 3-replications. Results revealed that higher crop growth rate (10.1 gm-2day-1) between tassel visible and blister stages was recorded in four times, while higher crop growth rate (9.6 gm-2day-1) between blister and dough stages, delayed maturity (90 days) and higher grain yield (4010 kgha-1) were observed in five times irrigated plots as compared to other irrigation regimes. Soil moisture contents significantly increased (20.0 %) while significant reduction in soil bulk density (1.39 g cm-3) was recorded with increase in irrigation numbers. Among soil conditioning FYM incorporation produced significantly higher crop growth rate (11.4 gm-2day-1) between tassel visible and blister stages, between blister and dough stages (10.6 gm-2day-1) and delayed maturity (102 days). Lowest bulk density (1.35 g cm-3) and highest soil moisture contents (20.5 %) were observed in FYM and CR treated plots respectively. Gypsum application resulted in higher CGR, delayed maturity; higher grain yield moisture contents and lowest bulk density as compared to control. So application of farmyard manure (10 tons ha-1) and gypsum (1 tons ha-1) with five irrigations at the known critical stages were recommended for enhancing maize yield and improving soil fertility in Peshawar.


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