Mangrove conservation and utilization in Tacloban City, Leyte, Philippines

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Research Paper 15/07/2023
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Mangrove conservation and utilization in Tacloban City, Leyte, Philippines

Abstract

The study investigated the community knowledge and practices of mangroves in Tacloban City, Leyte, Philippines. The study aimed to explore the role of community knowledge and practices in the conservation and management of mangroves while also assessing the sustainable use of these ecosystems. The study used a mixed-methods approach, including surveys and interviews that involved 150 local stakeholders, such as fishers, farmers, and community leaders, living near the area. They were selected using a simple random sampling procedure to identify the community knowledge and practices as well as potential ways to enhance the sustainable use of mangroves in the area. Results revealed that the majority of respondents were knowledgeable about the existence and services of mangroves, except for their medicinal uses. However, many respondents had limited knowledge about the different species of mangroves. The study also found that the mangrove ecosystem was primarily utilized as a food source by most respondents, with few using it for other purposes such as fuel wood, medicine, dyeing agent, and construction materials. Further, results of the study will help in the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), specifically importance of mangroves in achieving SDG 1 (No Poverty), SDG 2 (Zero Hunger), SDG 13 (Climate Action), and SDG 14 (Life Below Water). The findings underscore the need to raise awareness of the different services provided by mangroves, promote sustainable utilization practices, and improve community knowledge for the conservation and management of these vital ecosystems.

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