Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 1, 2021

VIEWS 10
| Download 18

Manure-mixed biochar decreases concentration of Cadmium and arsenic in fruits of tomato grown in coal mine tailing debris-contaminated soil

Abdul Rauf, Shamim Gul, Saeed Ullah Jan, Tasawar Ali Chandio, Gul Bano Rehman

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.19(5), 1-9, November 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.5.1-9

Certification:

IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Tomato is one of the major vegetable crops of the province of Balochistan, Pakistan. This province has been under extensive mining activities for decades for various minerals. Heavy metals from these activities enter into the food chain via particulate dispersion in air, water and soil while eventually getting absorbed into crops. Empirical reports suggest that the use of biochar as an amendment in agricultural lands reduces the absorption of heavy metals by crops from contaminated soil. In this study, the soil was contaminated with coal mine tailing debris. A mixture of air-dried poultry manure with wood biochar or farmyard manure biochar at the ratio of 1:1 w:w was amended in soil. For the treatment of thorough mixing of fertilizer in the soil, biochar-based organic fertilizer was applied at the rates of 5 and 10 t ha-1 and the soil was contaminated with 10 t ha-1 of debris from coal mine tailings. To assess the influence of fertilizer in heavily-contaminated soil, debris was placed in the root zone of tomato at 166.5 t ha-1 rate and fertilizers were added at 33.3 and 66.6 t ha-1 rates, followed by their mixing with debris. The fertilizers decreased the concentration of Cadmium (Cd) by 63 – 83% and arsenic (As) by 51 – 73% in tomato fruits than control (P ≤ 0.05) in low-contaminated soil. In high-contaminated soil, fertilizers decreased the concentration of Cd by 40 – 49% and As by 44 – 56% in tomato fruits (P ≤ 0.05). A negative correlation was observed between the level of contamination in soil (i.e., root-zone application versus thoroughly mixing of debris in soil) and the potential of fertilizer in reducing the concentration of heavy metals in fruits of tomato (R2 = 0.79; P < 0.01 for Cd and R2 = 0.27; P < 0.01 for As). The application of poultry manure-mixed biochar in coal mine tailing contaminated soil has the potential for reducing the concentration of these heavy metals in tomato fruits.  

VIEWS 10

Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Manure-mixed biochar decreases concentration of Cadmium and arsenic in fruits of tomato grown in coal mine tailing debris-contaminated soil

Ahmad N, Nasir T, Rehman J, Ullah H, Uddin Z. 2019. Risk assessment of radon in soil collected from chromite mines of Khanozai and Muslim Bagh, Balochistan, Pakistan. Environmental Technology & Innovation 16, 100476. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2019.100476

Ali A, Guo D, Zhang Y, Sun X, Jiang S, Guo Z, Huang H, Liang W, Li R, Zhang Z. 2017. Using bamboo biochar with compost for the stabilization and phytotoxicity reduction of heavy metals in mine-contaminated soils of China. Scientific Reports 7, 690. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-03045-9.

Ayub A, Ahmad SS. 2020. Seasonal assessment of groundwater contamination in coal mining areas of Balochistan. Sustainability 12, 6889. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176889.

Cao HC, Luan ZQ, Wang JD, Zhang XL. 2009. Potential ecological risk of Cadmium, lead and arsenic in agricultural black soil in Jilin Province, China. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment 23, 57–64. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00477-007-0195-1

Bhardwaj S, Soni R, Gupta SK, Shukla DP. 2020. Mercury, arsenic, lead and Cadmium in waters of the Singrauli coal mining and power plants industrial zone, Central East India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 192, 251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-8225-2

Chandio TA, Khan MN, Muhammad MT, Yalcinkaya O, Turan E, Kayis AF. 2021. Health risk assessment of chromium contamination in the nearby population of mining plants, situated at Balochistan, Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 28, 16458–16469. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11649-4

Domingues RR, Trugilho PF, Silva CA, deMelo ICNA, Melo LCA, Magriotis ZM, Sa Nchez-Moneder MA. 2017. Properties of biochar derived from wood and high-nutrient biomasses with the aim of agronomic and environmental benefits. PLOS ONE https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176884 pp 1-19

Gil-Loaiza J, White SA, Root RA, Solís-Dominguez FA, Hammond CM, Chorover J, Maier RM. 2016. Phytostabilization of mine tailings using compost-assisted direct planting: Translating greenhouse results to the field. Science of the Total Environment 565, 451–461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.168

Government of Pakistan (GOP). 2015. Working paper, Kharif season. Ministry of National Food Security and Research, Islamabad.

Gul S, Whalen JK. 2016. Biochemical cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in biochar-amended soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 103, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.08.001

Hameeda Gul S, Bano G, Manzoor M, Chandio TA. Awan AA. 2019. Biochar and manure influences tomato fruit yield, heavy metal accumulation and concentration of soil nutrients under groundwater and wastewater irrigation in arid climatic conditions. Cogent Food and Agriculture 5, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2019.1576406

He B, Wang W, Geng R, Ding Z, Luo D, Qiu J, Zheng G, Fan Q. 2021. Exploring the fate of heavy metals from mining and smelting activities in soil-crop system in Baiyin, NW China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 207, 111234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.111234

Ishtiaq M, Jehan N, Khan S, Muhammad K,  Saddiques S,  Iftikhar U,  Zahidullah B. 2018. Potential harmful elements in coal dust and human health risk assessment near the mining areas in Cherat, Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25, 14666–14673. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1655-5

Khan AZ, Khan S, Khan MA, Alam M, Ayaz T. 2020. Biochar reduced the uptake of toxic heavy metals and their associated health risk via rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in Cr-Mn mine contaminated soils. Environmental Technology and Innovation 17, 100590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2019.100590

Limei Z, Xiaoyong L, Tongbin C, Xiulan Y, Hua X, Bin W, Lixia W. 2008. Regional assessment of cadmium pollution in agricultural lands and the potential health risk related to intensive mining activities: A case study in Chenzhou City, China. Journal of Environmental Sciences 20, 696-703. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62115-4

Liu Y, Zhu J, Ye C, Zhu P, Ba Q, Pang J, Shu L. 2018. Effects of biochar application on the abundance and community composition of denitrifying bacteria in a reclaimed soil from coal mining subsidence area. Science of the Total Environment 625, 1218–1224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.003

Mendes GO, Zafra DL, Vassilev NB, Silva IR, Ribeiro J, Costa Jr, MD. 2014. Biochar enhances Aspergillus niger rock phosphate solubilization by increasing organic acid production and alleviating fluoride toxicity. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 80, 3081-3085. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00241-14

Mia S, Uddin N, Hossain SAAM, Amin B, Mete F, Hiemstra Z. 2015. Production of biochar for soil application: A comparative study of three kiln models. Pedosphere 25, 696–702. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(15)30050-3

Munir MA, Liu M, Yousaf G, Ali B, Abbas M, Habibullah Q. 2020. Synergistic effects of biochar and processed fly ash on bioavailability, transformation and accumulation of heavy metals by maize (Zea mays L.) in coal-mining contaminated soil. Chemosphere 240, 124845. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124845

Raj D. 2019. Bioaccumulation of mercury, arsenic, Cadmium, and lead in plants grown on coal mine soil. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal 25, 659–671. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2018.1447360

Wang Z, Han L, Sun K, JIn J, Ro KS, Libra J. A, Liu X, Xing B. 2016. Sorption of four hydrophobic organic contaminants by biochars derived from maize straw, wood dust and swine manure at different pyrolytic temperatures. Chemosphere 144, 285-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.042

Zhang X, Zhu Y, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Liu S, Guo J, Li R, Wu S, Chen B. 2014. Growth and metal uptake of energy sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) in different metal mine tailings with soil amendments. Journal of Environmental Sciences 26, 1080–1089. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(13)60543-4

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background