Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 2

Mapping and analyzing the risk of frost and chilling damage on horticultural crops (study case: Taftan border area, Southeast of Iran)

Behrooz Kordi Tamandani, Dr. Mahmood Khosravi, Dr. Payman Mahmoodi

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(2), 261-275, August 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Frosts have obvious effects on the energy, transport, and agriculture, while their greatest impact is on agriculture. Since chilling and frost cause’s lots of damage to crops in Taftan area, it is essential to examine the chilling and frost in this area. To study this phenomenon in Taftan area, the minimum temperature data of 4 synoptic stations (Zahedan, Khash, Nosratabad, Mirjaveh) and 4 climatology stations (Goharkouh, Karvandar, Cheshme ziarat, and Korin) were used. Early autumn and late spring frost dates at the desired thresholds (zero and lower) for chilling, and temperatures of 1.1, 2.2, 3.3, 4.4 ° C for frost damage were extracted, and duration, frequency of frost and chilling days and the growing season was calculated. Then, determining the appropriate probability distribution, the probability of early and late, chilling and frost was estimated. After examining the relationship between chilling and elevation, zoning maps were drawn by using the geographical information system (GIS), and finally using the Spearman correlation method, the relationship between chilling and frost and horticultural crops was analyzed. The results showed that the earliest autumn chilling and the latest spring chilling occur in Taftan mountains, and the latest autumn chilling and earliest spring chilling occur in the West and Southeast regions. The analysis and interpretation of the results also showed that spring chilling has the greatest impact on horticultural crops such as apricot, almond, and cherry. The relationship between the yield of horticultural crops and late chilling indicated that only horticultural crops at Taftan mountain border have suffered from frost damage.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Mapping and analyzing the risk of frost and chilling damage on horticultural crops (study case: Taftan border area, Southeast of Iran)

Aron R, Gat Z. 1991. Estimating chilling duration from daily temperature extremes and elevation in Israel. Climate Research 1, 125- 132.

Boer R, Campbell C, Fletcher DJ. 1993. Characteristics of Frost in a Major Wheat Growing Region of Australia. Crops and Pasture Science 44(8), 1731- 1743.

Boomeri M. 2005. Mount Taftan. Southeastern Iran. Geophysical Research Abstracts 7, 19-27.

Cai C, Xu C, Li X, Ferguson I, Chen K. 2006. Accumulation of lignin in Relation to Change in Activities of lignification Enzymes in loquat Fruit Flesh After Harvest. Postharvest Biology and Technology 40, 163–169.

Cittadini ED, de Ridder N, Peri PL, Van Keulen H. 2006. A Method for Assessing Frost Damage Risk in Sweet Cherry Orchards of South Patagonia. Agriculture and Frost Meteorology 141, 235-243.

Crawford TV. 1965. Frost Protection with Machines and Heaters. Agricultural Meteorology 6, 81-87.

Khosravi M, Habibi Nokhandan M, esmaili R. 2008. Mapping of Late Chilling Risk Impacts on Orchards (Case study :Mahvalat Region). Geography and Development 12, 145-162.

Kozloskaya ZA, Myalik MG. 1998. Low Temperature in Jury to Apple and Pear Seedlings Fllowing Autumn Planting in Belarus. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Replant Problems, Budapest, Hungary. Acta Horticulturae 477, 173- 178.

Lurie S, Carlos H. 2005. Chilling Injury in Peach and Nectarine. Post-harvest Biology and Technology 37, 195-208.

Madelin M, Beltrando G. 2005. Spatial Interpolation-based Mapping of The Spring Frost Hazard in The Champagne Vineyards. Meteorological Application 12, 51-56.

Matusick G, Katinka X, Ruthrof Niels C, Brouwers Giles ST, Hardy J. 2014. Topography Influences the Distribution of Autumn Frost Damage on Trees in a Mediterranean-type Eucalyptus Forest, Trees (2014) 28, 1449–1462

Mahmoodi P, Khosravi M, Masoudian SA, Alijani B. 2013. Climatology Atlas of Frosts Statistical Properties of Iran. Journal of Geographical Research 111, 55-66

Michalska B. 1986. Suggested Terms of Corn Sowing in The Main Yield in Poland Dependent on Soil Temperature and Frosts. Agrotechniczna (Poland) 106, 97 – 102.

Miller AK, Downton MW. 1992. The Freeze Risk to Florida Citrus. Part II: Temperature Variability and Circulation Patterns. Journal of Climate 6, 354-363.

Mokaram L. 2012. The Effect of Chilling on Agricultural Crops Yield in Lorestan Province (Case Study:, Dry Farming Wheat). The Dissertation of M.Sc. in Department of Physical Geography. Supervisor M.Khosravi. University of Sistan and Baluchestan.

Nodehi O. 2013. The Relationship Between Early Autumn and Late Spring Frost on The Production and Performance of Some Garden Crops of Khorasan Razavi Province. The Dissertation of M.Sc. in Department of Physical Geography. Hakim Sabzevari University.

Perry KB. 2002. Average Last Spring Frost Dates for Selected North Carolina Locations. NC State University, (http://content.ces.ncsu.edu/average-last-spring-frost-dates-for-selected-north-carolina-locations/)

Richards K, Baumgarten M. 2003. Towards Topoclimate Maps of Frost and Frost Risk for Southland, New Zealand, The 15th Annual Colloquium of the Spatial Information Research CentreUniversity of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Rodrigo J. 2000. Spring Frosts in Deciduous Fruit Trees-morphological Damage and Flower Hardiness. Scientia Harticulture 85, 155-173.

Rosenberg NJ, Myers RE. 1962. The Nature of Growing Season Frosts and Along the Platte Valley of Nebraska. Monthly Weather Review 90, 471-479.

Sameshima R, Hirota T, Hamasaki T. 2007. Mapping of First-frost-day and Risk of Frost Damage on Soybeans. Journal of Agriculture Meteorology 63, 25-32

Thom HC, Shaw RH. 1985. Climatologically Analysis of Freeze Data for IOWA. Monthly Weather Review 86, 251-257.

Timmer LW, Garnsey SM, Graham JH. 1988. Compendium of Citrus Diseases. Shop APS Press.

Vargas RC, Becerra O, Yates RB, Cambiazo V, Gonzalez M, Meisel L, Orellana A, Retamales J, Silva H, Defilippi BG. 2006. Seasonal Variation in the Development of Chilling Injury in ‘O’Henry’ Peaches. Scientia Horticulture 110, 79–83.

Williams AP, Allen CD, Macalady AK, Griffin D, Woodhouse CA, Meko DM, Swetnam TW, Rauscher AS, Seager R, Grissino-Mayer HD, Dean JS, Cook ER, Gangodagamage C, Cai M,McDowell NG. 2012. Temperature as a Potent Driver of Regional Forest Drought Stress and Tree Mortality. Nature Climate Change 3, 292–297.

Watkins C. 1991. The Annual Period of Freezing Temperatures   in   Central   England:   1850-1989. International Journal of Climatology 11, 889-896.

Waylen PR. 1989. Statistical Analysis of Freezing Temperatures  in  Central  and  Southern  Florida. Journal of Climatology 8, 607 -628.

World   meteorological   organization.   1981. Agriculture Meteorological Pract-chilling. WMO- No, 100.

Zinoni FG, Antolini T, Campisi V, Rossi F. 2002. Characterization of Emilia-Romagna Region in Relation with Late Frost Risk. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Parts 27, 1091-1101.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background