Measurement of indexes agricultural mechanization in agriculture and horticulture crops in Fars Province

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2013
Views (216) Download (10)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Measurement of indexes agricultural mechanization in agriculture and horticulture crops in Fars Province

Abstract

Fars province due to favorable conditions for agriculture is one of the most important areas of crop production in Iran. This research for agricultural mechanization status by identifying and measuring important indicators of the level and capacity of mechanization of farming and gardening in Fars province.Data for this study were collected through interviews and completion of 684 questionnaires and ministry of Agriculture Statistics. For all tractors and combines useful life of 13 years was considered. The conversion factor is computation according to the following useful life of 13 years for an average of 0.75 per unit and after useful life of 13 years for devices worn-out at 0.5 was considered significant. In this study it was all tractors of the 22531 device is active, the number 10476 (46.5 percent) are in the range of useful life. Total numbers of combines is 2089, that 1160 units (55.5 percent) are in the range of useful life. In other words, the fleet of combines is younger than tractors fleet. The results showed that is capacity of the level of mechanization, regardless of orchards 1711.3 (hp-hr/ha) and taking 50% of gardens 1410.7 (hp-hr/ha), and the level of agricultural mechanization 1.89 (hp/ha) and 50% in terms of level gardens1.46 (hp/ha). Agricultural mechanization level in Fars province (1.89 (hp/ha)) was higher than the national average (1.5(hp/ha).

VIEWS 13

Afzalinia S. 2010. Reports the current state of agriculture in the Fars province. Engineering Research Institute. Ministry of Agriculture (In Farsi).

Almasi M. 2009. Principles of Farm Mechanization. Institute Publications HazratMasumeh (In Farsi).

Amjadi A, Chizari AH. 2006. Status of agricultural mechanization in IRAN. Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics 14(55), 155-182.

Anonymous. 2009. Statistics Agriculture. The first volume. Horticultural and Agricultural Products. Tehran. IRAN. (In Farsi).

Anonymous. 2009. Third National Festival of the Fars Province Agricultural Mechanization. Shiraz. IRAN. (In Farsi).

Bahaeean S, Najafi B. 1995. Factors affecting the demand for labor in sugar beet production with emphasis on mechanization. A Case Study of Fars Province. The Journal of Agricultural Science 29(2).

Balali H, Khalilian S. 2003. Effect of investment on employment and labor demand of the agricultural sector in IRAN. Agricultural and Development Economics 8(32), 117-136.

Brian  B.  2010.  Farm  Machinery.  Third  edition. Farming Press.UK.

Bainer R. 2005. Principles of Farm Machinery. John wily .USA.

Clarke LJ. 2000. Strategies for Agricultural Mechanization Development the Roles of ThePrivate Sector And Government. www.dspace. library. Cornell. EDU/bit stream.

Chandrasekaran M, Sridharan B. 1993. Productivity trends in industry in India. Indian Economic journal 4(2), 61-70.

Culpin C. 2010. Profitable Farm Mechanization.Bedford.UK.

Deng X, Luo Y, Dong S, Yang X. 2005. Impact of resources and technology on farm production in northwestern china. Agricultural system 84(2), 155-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2004.05.004

Farman A, Parikh A. 1992. Relationship among labor, Bullock and tractor inputs in Pakistan agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 74(2), 371-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1242491.

Goering C. 2010. Engine and Tractor Power. ASAE. Michigan. USA.

JafariNaimi K, Dinani M. 2002. Evaluation of Tractor utilization patterns in Kerman province. Agricultural Economics and Development 10(37).

Kishiaa Y. 2002. Agricultural mechanization in developing countries and world agricultural machinery industry. President shin-nourish, cooled. Tokyo. Japan. www.ifael.ory/pab.

Leiva FR, Morris J. 2001. Mechanization and sustainability in Arable Earing. J. agric. Engage Research 79(1), 81-90.

Ovtit-Canavate j. 1999. Energy Analysis and Saving. In CIGR Handbook of Agricultural engineering. Energy & Biomass engineering. V.ASAE Publication. 13- 23.

Poulsen B, Jacobsen BH. 1997. Empirical Analyze at 500 Farms. Report No. 92. Danish Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries Economics, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Schneeberger W, Bar FJ. 1997. Influence of timelines costs on the optimal length of the sugar beet harvesting period from the view point cooperating farmers. Bodekultur. 48(2), 137-143.

Srivastava A. 2011. Engineering Principles of Agricultural Machines. ASAE. Michigan. USA.

Toro AD, Hansson PA. 2004.  Analysis of field machinery performance based on daily soil workability status using discrete event simulation or on average workday probability. Agricultural systems 79, 109-129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-521X(03)00073-8