Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Medicinal plants of Côte d’Ivoire and viral infections: Diagnosis of Begomovirus

Research Paper | February 1, 2018

| Download 9

K. Séka, J. A. N'cho, K. P. Assiri, K. F. Yao, H. Atta Diallo

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.12( 2), 77-85, February 2018


IJAAR 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Medicinal plants have many active ingredients used in traditional and modern medicine. However, viral diseases pose a real threat to their culture and development. It is useful to determine the health status of medicinal plants in Côte d’Ivoire. Surveys and collection of samples were made at sites identified in Abidjan, Alépé and Yamoussoukro. The symptoms observed were mentioned. Herbal hosts of Begomovirus, incidence and severity of these symptoms have been identified. A variety of symptoms of viral infections was observed. These include mosaic, chlorosis, leaf-shoe deformation, leaf curl and plant dwarfism. The mosaic symptoms were observed on the Abidjan and Yamoussoukro samples with incidences of 71.5% and 66.6% among those who were chlorinated in Alépé with 96.67%. The mosaic was most severe on species of medicinal plants displaying severity index ranging from 32.5 ± 12 % to 56.14 ± 9 %. Two samples out of the 91 tests have a positive effect on primers directed against Begomoviruses. These two samples were taken from Momordica charantia and Moringa oleifera. Medicinal plants are hosts of Begomovirus and a relationship may exist between the amount of active ingredient secreted by the medicinal plant and the severity of the symptoms of the viral infection.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Medicinal plants of Côte d’Ivoire and viral infections: Diagnosis of Begomovirus

Alassane O, Sohini C, Barro N, Tiendrebeogo F, Hoareau M, Traore O, Lefeuvre P, Traore VE, Lett JM. 2016. Tomato leaf curl Burkina Faso virus: a novel tomato-infecting monopartite begomovirus from Burkina Faso, Archives of virology 1-3.

Doyle JJ, Doyle JL. 1990. Isolation of plant DNA from fresh tissue. Focus 12, 13-15.

Dro B, Soro D, Koné MW, Bakayoko A, Kamanzi K. 2013. Evaluation de l’abondance de plantes médicinales utilisées en médecine traditionnelle dans le Nord de la Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 17(3), 2631-2646.

Eni AO, Hughes Jd’A, Rey MEC. 2008. Survey of the incidence and distribution of five viruses infecting yams in the major yam-producing zones in Benin. Annals of Applied Biology 153, 223-232.

Fargette D, Konaté G, Fauquet C, Muller E, Peterschmitt M, Thresh JM. 2006. Molecular ecology and emergence of tropical plant viruses. Annual Review of Phytopathology 44, 235-260.

Handa SS, Rakesh DD, Vasisht K. 2006. Compendium of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants ASIA. Earth, Environmental and Marine Sciences and Technologies ICS-UNIDO, AREA Science Park 2, 305.

Hawthorne W, Jongkind C. 2006. Woody plants of Western African Forests: a guide to the forest trees, shrubs and lianes from Senegal to Ghana. Kew Publishing. Royay Botanic Carden, Kew 1023.

Hutchinson J, Dalziel JM. 1972. Flora of West Tropical Africa (2ème Ed., Vol 3 part 2, par Keay RWJ et Hepper FN). The Whitefriars Press (Ed.), London, Tonbridge, England 574.

Klarzynski O, Fritig B. 2001. Stimulation des défenses naturelles des plantes. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences-Séries III-Sciences de la Vie 324 (10), 953-963.

Legg JP, Jeremiah SC, Obiero HM, Maruthi MN, Ndyetabula I, Okao-Okuja G, Bouwmeester H, Bigirimana S, Tata-Hangy W, Gashaka G. 2011. Comparing the regional epidemiology of the cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak virus pandemics in Africa. Virus Research 159 (2), 161-170.

Leke WN, Brown JK, Ligthart ME, Sattar N, Njualem DK, Kvarnheden A. 2012. Ageratum conyzoides: A host to a unique begomovirus disease complex in Cameroon, Virus Research 163, 229-237.

Leke WN, Mignouna DB, Brown JK, Fondong VN. 2016. First Report of Chayote yellow mosaic virus Infecting Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia) Exhibiting Yellow Mosaic Symptoms in Benin, Nigeria, and Togo. Plant Diseases 100(5), 10-31.

Mignouna HD, Njukeng P, Abang MM, Asiedu R. 2001. Inheritance of resistance to Yam mosaic virus genus Potyvirus in white yam (Dioscorea rotundata). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 103, 1196-1200.

N’guessan K, Kadja B, Zirihi GN, Traoré D, Aké-Assi L. 2009. Screening phytochimique de quelques plantes médicinales ivoiriennes utilisées en pays Krobou (Agboville, Côte-d’Ivoire). Sciences & Nature 6(1), 1-15.

Nacoulma OO. 2001. Plantes médicinales et pratiques médicales traditionnelles au Burkina Faso: cas du Plateau central, Thèse de Doctorat ès Sciences Naturelles, Université de Ouagadougou, (Burkina-Faso) 605p.

Oliveira MRV, Henneberry TJ, Anderson P. 2001. History, current status, and collaborative research projects for Bemisia tabaci. Crop Protection 20(9), 709-723.

OMS. 2002. Stratégie de l’OMS pourla médecine traditionnelle pour 2002-2005. OMS, Genève, Belgique 78p.

Pita JS, Fondong VN, Sangare A, Otim-Nape W, Ogwal S, Fauquet CM. 2000. Recombination, pseudo-recombination and synergism of geminiviruses are determinant keys to the epidemic of severe cassava mosaic disease in Uganda. Journal of General Virology 82, 655-665.

Poilecot P. 1995. Les Poaceae de Côte d’Ivoire. Manuel illustré d’identification des espèces. Boissiera 50p.

Rempel CB, Hall R. 1996. Comparison of disease measures for assessing resistance in canola (Brassica napus) to blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans). Canadian Journal of Botany 74, 1930-1936.

Séka K, Diallo AH, Kouassi NK, Ake S. 2009. Incidence du Yam mosaic virus (YMV) et du Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) sur des variétés de Dioscorea spp. cultivées dans les régions de Bouaké et de Toumodi en Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 3(4), 694-703.

Séka K, Ouattara A, Assiri KP, Kra KD, Hoareau M, Lefeuvre P, Atta Diallo H, Lett JM. 2017. First report of Pepper yellow vein Mali virus associated with pepper yellow vein disease in Cote d’Ivoire. New Disease Reports 35, 11.

Séka K, Ouattara A, Assiri KP, Kra KD, Hoareau M, Lefeuvre P, Diallo HA, Lett J-M. 2016. First report of Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus and Okra yellow crinkle virus associated with okra leaf curl disease in Côte d’Ivoire. New Disease Reports 34, 8.

Shepherd DN, Martin DP, Van der Walt E, Dent K, Varsani A, Rybicki EP. 2010. Maize streak virus: an old and complex ‘emerging’ pathogen. Molecular Plant Pathology 11(1), 1-12.

Tiendrébéogo F, Lefeuvre P, Hoareau M, Harimalala MA, De Bruyn A, Villemot J, Traoré VSE, Konaté G, Traoré AS, Barro N. 2012. Evolution of African cassava mosaic virus by recombination between bipartite and monopartite Begomoviruses. Virology Journal 9(1), 67.

Tiendrébéogo F, Lefeuvre P, Hoareau M, Villemot J, Konaté G, Traoré AS, Barro N, Traoré VS, Reynaud B, Traoré O, Lett JM. 2010. Molecular diversity of Cotton leaf curl Gezira virus isolates and their satellite DNAs associated with okra leaf curl disease in Burkina Faso. Virology Journal 7, 48.