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Medicinal plants used against epilepsy by the local communities of Sargodha region, Pakistan

Amin Shah, Sarvat Rahim, Zarqa Bashir, Asif Abbas Shah, Shoaib Shah, Shahzad Hussain, Nuzhat Rasul, Summaya Arif, Ifra Akhtar, Ihsan Ullah, Mahmooda Hassan

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.16(1), 15-24, January 2020


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Many plants are claimed to be effective to treat epilepsy, but very little knowledge is available about such plants used by various ethnic communities in Pakistan. This study presents the first report on the ethnobomedicinal knowledge among the local communities of Sargodha region, Pakistan in this regards by using quantitative ethnobotanical approaches. 84 aboriginal households (house-to-house interviews) including 10 traditional healers who still practiced their aboriginal system of medicine were interviewed to collect information on the herbal preparations used by them to treat epilepsy. Data were documented by using semi-structured questionnaires to consult the residents about their awareness of plant used against epilepsy. Documented data was assessed using frequency of citation (FC) preference ranking (PR), percentage of respondents having knowledge about the use of species (PRK) and Relative Frequency Citation (RFC). A total of 49 plant species belonging to 45 genera and 34 families were reported to cure epilepsy. The highest percentage of life form was found to be the herbs (63.2%). The Leaves were the dominant plant part with 29.4% and most of the herbal medicines were prepared in the form of decoction (54%). Plants with the highest RFC values were Bacopa monnieri (0.61) followed by Xanthium strumarium (0.57), Achyranthes aspera (0.51) and Citrus maxima (0.44). High proportion of respondents (PRK) was found for Bacopa monnieri (61.2%) followed by Xanthium strumarium (57.1%), Achyranthes aspera (51.0%) and Citrus maxima (44.8%). The study will be used as baseline data for analysing phytochemical constituents and bioactive compounds of these promising medicinal plants.


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Medicinal plants used against epilepsy by the local communities of Sargodha region, Pakistan

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