Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Metal Concentrations in tissues of Mullus barbatus L. Catched from the West Algerian coast

Research Paper | August 1, 2016

| Download 4

Ikram Bentata keddar, Mohammed Bouderbala, Salim Mouffok, Zitouni Boutiba

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.9( 2), 88-93, August 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Heavy metal concentrations were investigated in body tissue of a demersal Mullus barbatus from commercial cached in west Algerian coast (Oran and Beni Saf). Fish samples were collected seasonally from November 2013 to April 2014, a total of n= 149 fish were measured. Muscle, liver and gonads were analyzed for zinc, cadmium and nickel by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer.The aim of this study was to determine relationship between trace metals concentrations with size, organs bioaccumulation and seasons, and compare between the levels of contamination of the mullet fished from the two ports. Finally, to assess the risk of its consumption on human health. Statistical analysis pinpointed no substantial differences in metal concentration levels between size classes concerning mature fish Significant differences were observed between tissues concentrations of Zn; gonads accumulate it more than liver and muscle. The concentrations of Cd in body of red mullet vary significantly according to season, spring records the highest concentrations. Although, the two sites were exposed to different sources of pollution but no significant difference was observed between their levels of contamination. In this study, the mean values of Cd in muscle tissues are slightly higher than the limits fixed by the FAO.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Metal Concentrations in tissues of Mullus barbatus L. Catched from the West Algerian coast

Amiard JC. 2011. Les risques chimiques environnementaux, méthodes d’évaluations et impacts sur les organismes. Lavoisier. 117-131 p.

Belhoucine F. 2012. Etude de la biologie, de la croissance et de la reproduction d’un poisson téléostéen le merlu (Merluccius merluccius L.) et son utilisation comme indicateur biologique de la pollution par les métaux lourds (Zn, Pb, Cd) dans la baie d’Oran, Algerie. Thèse de doctorat, université d’Oran, 275p+ annexes.

Benali I, Boutiba Z, Merabet A, Chèvre N. 2015. Integrated use of biomarkers and condition indices in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) for monitoring pollution and development of biomarker index to assess the potential toxic of coastal sites. Mar Pollut Bull. 2015 Jun 1595(1), 385-94.

Benedicto J, Martinez-Gomez C, Guerrero J, Jornet A, Del Arbol J.  2007. heavy metal concentrations in red mullet mullus barbatus (l. 1758) from the iberian peninsula coast (northwestern mediterranean). Rapp. Comm. int. Mer Medit.

Boutiba Z. and Taleb Z, Abi Ayed  SMEA. 2003. Etat de la pollution marine de la côte oranaise. Edit : Der El Gharb. Algerie. 96 p.

Çağrı Taş E, Filipuçi I, Türker Çakır D, Beyaztaş S, Sunlu U, Toğulga M, Özaydın O, Oktay A. 2011. Heavy metal concentrations in tissues of edible fish (Mullus barbatus L., 1758) from the çandarli bay (TURKEY) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin Volume 20(11), 2834 – 2839.

Carlucci R, Lembo G, Maiorano P, Capezzuto F, Marano CA, Sion L, Spedicato MT, Ungaro N, Tursi A, Gianfranco D. 2009. Nursery areas of red mullet (Mullus Barbatus), Hake ( Merluccius Merluccius ) And deep-water rose shrimp ( Par Apenaeus longirostris ) In the Eastern-Central Mediterranean Sea. Estuarine. Coastal And Shelf Science 83, 529 E 538.

Conti OG, Copat C, Ledda C, Fiore M, Fallico R, Sciacca S, Ferrante M. 2012. Evaluation of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Mullus barbatus from Sicily channel and risk-based consumption limits. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 88, 946-950.

Copat C, Arena G, Fiore M, Ledda C, Fallico R, Sciacca S. 2013. Heavy metal concentrations in fish and shellfish from eastern Mediterranean see: consumption advisories. Food and chemical toxicology. 53, 33-37.

EEA. 2006. European Environment Agency. Priority issues in the Mediterranean environment, Copenhagen, EEA Report No 4, 88 p.

FAO. 1983. Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products food and agriculture organization fishery circular no. 464.

FAO/UNEP. 1993. Report of the FAO/UNEP/IAEA training workshop on the design of monitoring programmes and management of data concerning chemical contaminants in marine organisms, Athens, 247 p.

Giannakopoulou L, Neofitou C. 2014. Heavy metal concentrations in Mullus barbatus and Pagellus erythrinus in relation to body size, gender, and seasonality. Environnemental Science and Pollution Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-2608-2

Grimes S. 2010. Peuplement benthique des substrats meubles de la côte algérienne. Taxonomie structure et statut écologique. Thèse doctorat, Université d’Oran. 260 p.

IPCS/INCHEM. 2014a. International Programme on Chemical Safety, World Health Organisation. Environmental Health Criteria 108 Nickel. Http://www.inchem.org/documents/ehc/ehc/ehc108.htm

IPCS/INCHEM. 2014b. International Programme on Chemical Safety, World Health Organisation. Environmental Health Criteria 134 cadmium. http://www.inchem.org/documents/ehc/ehc/ehc134.htm

IPCS/INCHEM. 2014c. International Programme on Chemical Safety, International Programme on Chemical Safety. Environmental Health Criteria 221 ZINC. www.inchem.org/documents/ehc/ehc/ehc221.htm#1

Kargin F. 1996. Seasonal changes in levels of heavy metals in tissues of Mullus barbatus and Sparus aurata collected from Iskenderun gulf (turkey) kluwer academic publishers. water, air, and soil pollution 90, 557-562.

Martínez-Gómez C, Fernández B, Benedicto J, Valdés J, Campillo JA, León VM, Vethaak AD. 2012. Health status of red mullets from polluted areas of the Spanish Mediterranean coast ,with special reference to Portmán (SE Spain) Marine Environmental Research 77(2012), 50e59.

OSPAR. 1999. Lignes directrices JAMP de la surveillance continue des contaminants dans le milieu vivant. Commission OSPAR, lignes directrices de la surveillance n° 1999-2, Londres, UK, 54 p.

Rouane-Hacen O. 2013. Biosurveillance de la qualité des cotieres du littoral occidental algerien par le suivi des indices, de la biodisponibilité et de la bioacumulation des metaux lourds (Z, Cu, Pb, Cd) chez la moulle Mytilus galloprovincialis et l’oursin Paracentrotus lividus. Thèse de doctorat. Université d’Oran. 249p+annexes.

Taleb MZ, Boutiba Z. 2007. La moule Mytilus galloprovincialis Bioindicatrice de pollution marine- cas du port d’Oran. Sciences & Technologie C, 25, 59-64.

Tepe Y, Türkmen M, Türkmen A. 2008. Assessment of heavy metals in two commercial fish species of four Turkish seas. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 146, 277–284