Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Microhabitats of Leaf-Dwelling Pholcid Spiders (Araneae: Pholcidae) in Mount Mupo, Marawi City, Philippines

Research Paper | April 1, 2016

| Download 18

Noraya U. Elias, Olga M. Nuñeza

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.8( 4), 151-157, April 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Microhabitat utilization is an important factor for species diversification. This study examined the microhabitat utilization of leaf-dwelling pholcids. The occurrence of 241 collected samples showed different degrees of plant occupancy as evaluated by Bodenheimer Constancy: Schismatoglottis sp. (constant; 51.25%), Homalomena philippinensis (accessory; 25%), Curculigo latifolia (rare; 11.86%), Aglaonema sp. (rare; 11.25%) and dicot seedling, Dillenia megalantha (rare; 0.63%). Concentration of Relative Dominance (CRD) of leaf-dwelling pholcids per plant species showed that Schismatoglottis sp. had the highest percentage (48.96%). Analysis of foliar parameters indicated certain level of association with the occurrence of leaf-dwelling pholcids. Chi-square test showed that there is a significant association between Schistomaglottis sp. and dicot seedling, Dillenia megalantha.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Microhabitats of Leaf-Dwelling Pholcid Spiders (Araneae: Pholcidae) in Mount Mupo, Marawi City, Philippines

Chetia P, Kalita DK. 2012. Diversity and distribution of spiders from Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam, India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 1(1), 5-15.

Deeleman-Reinhold CL, Deeleman PR. 1983. Studies on tropical Pholcidae I. Panjange, a new genus of Indo- Australian leaf- and rock-dwelling Pholcid spiders (Araneae). Zoologische Mededelingen 57(14), 121-130.

Deeleman-Reinhold CL. 1986. Leaf-dwelling Pholcidae in Indo- Australian rain forests. In: Eberhard WG, Lubin YD, Robinson BC, Eds. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Arachnology, Panama 1983. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 45-48 P.

Dias SC, Brescovit AD. 2004. Microhabitat Selection and Co-occurrence of Pachistopelma rufonigrum Pocock (Araneae, Theraphosidae) and Nothroctenus fuxico sp. nov. (Araneae, Ctenidae) in Tank Bromeliads from Serra de Itabaiana, Sergipe, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologica 21(4), 789-796.

Foelix RF. 1996. Biology of Spiders. Oxford University Press, New York.

Fourie R, Haddad CR, Dippenaar-Schoeman AS, Grobler A. 2013. Ecology of the plant-dwelling spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Erfenis Dam Nature Reserve, South Africa. Koedoe55(1), 1-9.

Huber BA. 2011. Revision and cladistic analysis of Pholcus and closely related taxa (Araneae: Pholcidae). J. Nat. Hist. 40, 2341-2360.

Huber BA. 2009. Life on leaves: leaf-dwelling pholcids of Guinea, with emphasis on Crossopriza cylindrogaster Simon, a spider with inverted resting position, pseudo-eyes, lampshade web, and tetrahedral egg-sac (Araneae: Pholcidae). Journal of Natural History 43(39-40), 2491- 2523.

Huber BA, Schutte A. 2009. Preliminary Notes on Leaf-dwelling Metagonia spiders (Araneae: Pholcidae) in the Esquinas Rainforest near La Gamba, Costa Rica: Leaf-preference, mimesis, and web structure. Contributions to Natural History, Bern 12, 681-697.

Murphy F, Murphy J. 2000. An introduction to the spiders of South East Asia. Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. Malaysian Nature Society, 625 P.

Pianka ER. 2000. Evolutionary Ecology. 6th Ed. San Francisco (CA): Benjamin-Cummings, Addison-Wesley-Longman. San Francisco, 528 P.

Romero GQ. 2006. Geographic Range, Habitats, and Host Plants of Bromeliad-living Jumping Spiders (Salticidae). Biotropica 38(4), 522-530.

Romero GQ and Vasconcellos-Neto J. 2004. Spatial Distribution Patterns of Jumping Spiders Associated with Terrestrial Bromeliads. Biotropica 36(4), 596-601

Silveira Neto S, Nakano O, Barbin D, Villa Nova NA. 1976. Manual de Ecologia dos Insetos, Editora Agronômica Ceres, São Paulo: CERES, Brazil.

Sorensen LL, Coddington JA, Scharff N. 2002. Inventorying and Estimating Subcanopy Spider Diversity Using Semiquantitative Sampling Methods in an Afromontane Forest. Environmental Entomology 31(2), 319-330.

World Spider Catalog. 2015. World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 16.5, accessed on October 15, 2015

www.google.com.ph/maps/. Map of Lanao del Sur, Philippines. Retrieved September 9, 2015.

www.mcministries1.tripod.com. Map of Mindanao. Retrieved September 9, 2015.

www.wordpress.com. Map of Lanao del Sur. Retrieved September 9, 2015.

Yao Z, Li S. 2013. New and Little known pholcid spiders (Araneae: Pholcidae) from Laos. Zootaxa 3709(1), 001-051.

Yao Z, Pham DS, Li S. 2015. Pholcid spiders (Araneae: Pholcidae) from northern Vietnam, with descriptions of nineteen new species. Zootaxa3909 (1), 001–082

Young OP, Lockley TC. 1989. Spiders of Spanish moss in the Delta of Mississippi. Journal of Arachnology 17, 143-148.