Mitigation of salt stress induced inhibition on reproductive growth of maize (Zea mays L.) by supplemental sulfur

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Research Paper 01/08/2018
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Mitigation of salt stress induced inhibition on reproductive growth of maize (Zea mays L.) by supplemental sulfur

Alia Riffat
Int. J. Biosci.13( 2), 240-256, August 2018.
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Among various approaches devised to endure the adverse effects of salinity, the use of various nutrients is very economical and shot gun approach. In macronutrients, sulfur has considerable importance in inducing salt tolerance in plants. Sulfur metabolites become very high in salinity that increases the nutrient availability to plants and increase crop yield. For determining the role of sulfur in enhancing reproductive growth of maize plants under saline conditions, two maize varieties (Agaitti 2003, Pak Afgoi 2003) were treated with various levels of sulfur (40, 80 mM) and salinity (25,75 mm). At fully mature stage, plants were harvested for the determination of various yield related attributes. It was found that salinity lowered all yield related parameters studied in this experiment i-e. length and number of cob per plant, total number of cobs, grains per cob, total number of grains, 50 grain weight, harvest index, total yield per plant, ionic contents (K+, Ca2+, NO3, PO43-, SO42-, K+/Na+, Ca2+/Na+) and forage value parameters (protein, starch, carbohydrate, fiber, ash) and increased the sodium (Na+) contents in maize plants. Pak Afgoi 2003 has more Na+ contents as compared to Agaitti 2003. However, sulfur at 40 mM level not only improved the salt tolerance in both maize varieties by improving yield related attributes, nutrient contents and forage value parameters but also lowered the Na+ contents to reduce the toxic effects of salinity. In core, sulfur application (40 mM) improved the crop yield by developing salt tolerance in maize plants.


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